Презентация на тему: Зайцева Ю.П. The Urals – the centre of Russian metal industry

Зайцева Ю.П. The Urals – the centre of Russian metal industry
Зайцева Ю.П. The Urals – the centre of Russian metal industry
Зайцева Ю.П. The Urals – the centre of Russian metal industry
Зайцева Ю.П. The Urals – the centre of Russian metal industry
Зайцева Ю.П. The Urals – the centre of Russian metal industry
Зайцева Ю.П. The Urals – the centre of Russian metal industry
Зайцева Ю.П. The Urals – the centre of Russian metal industry
Зайцева Ю.П. The Urals – the centre of Russian metal industry
Зайцева Ю.П. The Urals – the centre of Russian metal industry
Зайцева Ю.П. The Urals – the centre of Russian metal industry
Зайцева Ю.П. The Urals – the centre of Russian metal industry
Зайцева Ю.П. The Urals – the centre of Russian metal industry
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Зайцева Ю.П. The Urals – the centre of Russian metal industry

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КРИТЕРИИ ОЦЕНИВАНИЯ запоминание вокабуляра в течение 20 – 25 мин. (написание, перевод, произношение): 6 –7 слов оценка 3 8 –9 слов оценка 4 10 слов оценка 5 предоставляется 2 попытки для дополнительной оценки предоставляется ещё вокабуляр ИТОГО устные ответы на вопросы

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The Urals – а borderline between Europe and Asia – are а mountain chain which appeared many years ago as а result of tectonic activity. As time went on, the mountains were being destroyed be the action of water, sun and air. As а result, the highest mountains are only one thousand meters high. One more consequence is that the greatest deposits of ores came to the surface of the Earth. The fact that they were easily accessible stimulated the development of plants.

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The Ural mining industries began during the time of Peter the First. In the 18th century the Urals, with their high quality ores and rich forests (а fuel for plants) played the greatest role in the world industry. Russia exported metal even to Great Britain. The modification of the Ural industry began with Magnitogorsk plant, built near the mountain Magnitnaya, rich in metallic ores. Later, many engineering plants were built in the region. The greatest plants are situated in Magnitogorsk, Nizhniy Tagil, Chelyabinsk and Novotroitsk.

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At the beginning of the 20th century the Ural metal industry suffered а crisis because of the shortage of coal. But the delivery of coal from Kuzbass solved the problem. It must bе mentioned that about 70 metals and minerals were first discovered in the Ural mountains. Large deposits of iron, copper, lead, zinc, nickel, titanium, wolfram and many other metals characterise the region.

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Nowadays some of the deposits are exhausted, and the plants work on the ores from the new layers (Kazakhstan, Siberia). But nevertheless, the Urals are the region with great history, traditions and experience, and hopefully it will have new stages of development.

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EXERCISES Answer by oral the following questions to the text: 1. Where are the Urals situated? 2. Why are these mountains not very high? 3. Why are the deposits of ores easily accessible? 4. When did the Ural mining industries begin? Did Russia export metal at that time? 5. Where did the modification of the Ural industry begin? 6. What was the reason for the crisis for the Ural metal industry? 7. How many metals and minerals were first discovered in the Urals? 8. What are the recent problems of the Urals? 9. Does the author of the text hope that the region will have new stages of development? And what do you think?

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accessible доступный Active Vocabulary action действие цепь chain характеризовать characterize coal уголь

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consequence следствие copper медь crisis кризис delivery поставка месторождение, залежи deposit

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destroy разрушать development развитие discover открыть Earth Земля (планета) easily легко Europe Европа exhaust истощать export экспортировать forest лес fuel топливо Additional Active Vocabulary

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1.The Urals situated between Europe and Asia. 2. T hese mountains are not very high that were being destroyed be the action of water, sun and air. As а result, the highest mountains are only one thousand meters high. 3. The deposits of ores are easily accessible, cause is a result of tectonic activity. 4. The Ural mining industries began during the time of Peter the First. Yes, Russia exported metal even to Great Britain. 5. The modification of the Ural industry began with Magnitogorsk plant, built near the mountain Magnitnaya, rich in metallic ores. 6. The Ural metal industry suffered а crisis because of the shortage of coal. 7. About 70 metals and minerals were first discovered in the Ural mountains. For instance, there are large deposits of iron, copper, lead, zinc, nickel, titanium, wolfram and many other metals. 8. Nowadays some of the deposits are exhausted, and the plants work on the ores from the new layers (Kazakhstan, Siberia). 9. Of course, author thinks The Urals are the region with great history, traditions and experience, and hopefully it will have new stages of development. I think the same. Why not? ANSWERING

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