PLAN FORMAT IMRaD / AIMRaD STRUCTURE OF THE PAPER 40 STEPS FOR WRITING A RESEARCH ARTICLE
“publish or perish ” The “Publish or Perish” idea reflects a prevalent culture in the academic world... and the origin for many jokes
Introduction, Methods / Theoretical Basis, Results, and Discussion - IMR a D). Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion - A IMR a D FORMAT IMR a D/ AIMR a D
Structure of the paper Title Authors (Author, co a uthors ) Abstract / Summary / Resume key words paper body Introduction, Methods / Theoretical Basis (design of the experiment) Results, Discussion Conclusions Acknowledgements References / Literature cited
TITLE 3-10 words ATTRACTIVE BRIEF LACONIC INFORMATIVE WITHOUT WASTE WORDS WITHOUT ABBREVIATIONS, FORMULAS, SPIRITUAL WORDS
Abstract/ Summary/ Resume Methods Results Research objective Main findings V- according to the requirement of the magazine - X words or symbols
Слайд 10: THE INTRODUCTION
Describe a big problem that needs to be solved State your strategy to help solve the problem State a specific research question/hypothesis whose answer/test will help to solve that problem 1-establishing a context, 2-reviewing the literature, 3- establishing a research gap, 4-stating the purpose
METHODS Describe the methods used to answer that question: (1) What was studied, (2) How the data was collected/observed, (3) How the data was analyzed to determine relationships between the independent and outcome variables.
Слайд 12: RESULTS
Describe the factual findings: (1) The characteristics of the objects of investigation, (2) Results = data determined by the research question, (3) The relationships (e.g. correlations) between the independent and outcome variables that were determined.
DISCUSSION Answer the research question Support that answer : by showing how the factual findings, expressed in past tense, support it, by relating the findings to the work of others, by presenting theoretical considerations that support it. State the limitations of that answer
CONCLUSIONS Explain the practical/theoretical consequences of the answer Propose a next step to help solve the original problem: (1) a new research question to be answered, (2) a refinement of then present study to reduce limitations, (3) a protocol that can be used to implement findings.
MAKE DRAFT STEP 1 Draft a working title STEP 2 Introduce the topic and define terminology STEP 3 Emphasize why the is topic important STEP 4 Relate to current knowledge: what's already been done STEP 5 Indicate the gap: what needs to be done? STEP 6 Pose research questions STEP 7 State your overall purpose and objectives STEP 8 List methodological steps STEP 9 Explain the theory behind the methodology used STEP 10 Describe the experimental set-up
STEP 11 Describe the technical details STEP 12 Provide summary results STEP 13 Compare different results STEP 14 Focus on main discoveries STEP 15 Answer research questions (and draw clear conclusions) STEP 16 Support and defend answers STEP 17 Explain conflicting results, unexpected findings and discrepancies with other research STEP 18 State the limitations of the study STEP 19 State the importance of your findings STEP 20 Establish newness STEP 21 Announce further research STEP 22 ABSTRACT: what was done, what was found and what are the main conclusions
REVISE STEP 23 Is the title clear and does it reflect the content and main findings? STEP 24 Are key terms clear and familiar? STEP 25 Are the objectives clear and relevant to the audience? STEP 26 Are all variables, techniques and materials listed, explained and linked to existing knowledge - are the results reproducible? STEP 27 Are all results and comparisons relevant to the stated objectives? STEP 28 Do some statements and findings repeat in the text, tables or figures? STEP 29 Do the main conclusions reflect the questions posed? STEP 30 Will the main findings be acceptable to the scientific community? STEP 31 Is the text coherent, clear and focused on a specific problem/topic? STEP 32 Is the abstract readable standalone (does it reflects the main story)?
POLISH STEP 33 Are tenses used appropriately (including the active and passive voice)? STEP 34 Are all equations mathematically correct and explained in the text? STEP 35 Are all abbreviations explained? STEP 36 Reconsider using words such as "very", "better", "may", "appears", "more", "convinced", "perfect", and "impression" in the text. STEP 37 Are all abbreviations, measurement units, variables and techniques internationally recognized (IS)? STEP 38 Are all figures/tables relevant and of good quality? STEP 39 Are all figures, tables and equations referred to in the text? STEP 40 Are all references relevant, up to date and accessible?
References 1/http:// www.ranepa.ru/docs/Nauka_Konsalting/Guide _-_final.pdf 2/http://edepot.wur.nl/178013 3/ http://nauchniestati.ru/blog/struktura-nauchnoi-stati/ 4/ http://www2.ing.unipi.it/scuola_dottorato_ingegneria/Corsi2010/Wallwork-Materiale_ didattico_2How_to_write_a_paper_in_English.pdf 5/ https://ru.bookmate.com/books/N4YSCLZx