Слайд 2: Wonder
Something that causes amazement or awe [ɔː] ; a marvel. Wonders of the World seem to come in sevens. Something astonishing and seemingly inexplicable. The idea was so crazy that it is a wonder that anyone went along with it. Someone very talented at something, a genius, a wonderful person. He's a wonder at cooking. The sense or emotion which can be inspired by something curious or unknown; surprise; astonishment.
Слайд 3: Enlarge your vocabulary with AJECTIVES
Marvellous [' mɑːv (ə) ləs ] Amazing [ ə'meɪziŋ ] Impressive [ ɪm'presɪv ] Magnificent [ mæg'nɪfɪs (ə) nt ] Remarkable [ rɪ'mɑːkəbl ] Unique [ juː'niːk ] Breathtaking [' breθˌteɪkɪŋ ] Fascinating [' fæsɪneɪtiŋ ]
Слайд 5: Let’s revise the pronunciation
The Pyramids [' pɪrəmɪd ] The Hanging Gardens of Babylon [ ' hæŋɪŋ gɑːd (ə) nz əv bæbɪlɔn ] The Statue of Zeus at Olympia [' stæʧu ː əv zjuːs ət ə'lɪmpɪə ] The Colossus of Rhodes [ kə'lɔsəs əv rəudz ] The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus [ˌ mɔːsə'liːəm ət ] The Lighthouse at Alexandria [' laɪthaus ət ˌ ælɪg'zɑːndrɪə ] The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus [' templ əv ˈ ɑːtɪmɪs ət ' efəsəs ]
Слайд 7: The Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt
This pyramid was built in 2540 BC in honor of Cheops Pharaoh and is the only ancient wonder to survive today. It is situated outside of modern Cairo and is visited by millions of tourists. The Great Pyramid of Giza Height : 146.5 metres
Слайд 9: Hanging Gardens of Babylon
The gardens were built by the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar II in 600 BC. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon used to be located in modern Iraq. It was a present to Nebuchadnezzar's wife who enjoyed exotic plants and animals. After 1 st century BC it was the earthquake and the Gardens of Babylon were destroyed.
Слайд 11: Statue of Zeus at Olympia
A giant seated figure made by the Greek sculptor Phidias around 435 BC. The statue was 13 meters high. Zeus was made of gold panels and ivory plates. Statue was damaged in the II century, then it was restored. In 5 th -6 th centuries AD the Statue was destroyed by the fire. Statue of Zeus in the Hermitage
The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus The temple was build in 550 BC. It took 120 years to build it.
Greek temple dedicated to the goddess Artemis was located in Ephesus (near the modern Izmir, Turkey) In 356 BC, not long after its completion, the temple was destroyed in a vainglorious act of arson ( поджог ) by Herostratus, who set fire to the wooden roof-beams, seeking fame at any cost (слава любой ценой). Alexander the Great paid for the temple’s rebuilding. In 268 AD, the Temple was destroyed or damaged in a raid by the Goths.
The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus The Mausoleum was a tomb built between 353 and 350 BC at Halicarnassus (present Bodrum, Turkey) for Mausolus, a satrap in the Persian Empire, and his wife.
It was 45 meters high. The original building was destroyed by flood ( наводнение ). A new structure was built and damaged by the earthquake (1494 AD) Reconstruction in Istanbul Ruines
Слайд 16: Lighthouse of Alexandria
Also known as the Pharos of Alexandria (in Egypt), a tower built between 280 and 247 BC on the island of Pharos at Alexandria Height : 120(140) meters. For many centuries it was among the tallest man - made buildings. The Lighthouse was destroyed because of the silt (ил). Its stones were used to build the Citadel of Qaitbay in Alexandria.
Слайд 17: Colossus of Rhodes
The statue of the Greek god Helios was built on the Greek island of Rhodes between 292 and 280 BC. Before its destruction the Colossus of Rhodes was 36 meters high. It was one of the tallest statues of the ancient world. In 226 BC an earthquake destroyed the statue.
Слайд 18: Agree or disagree/give the right answer
1. The Pyramid of Giza is the tomb of the Anatolian king built by his widow. False. The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus was the tomb of the Anatolian king built by his widow.
2.The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus is the only ancient world wonder that still exists. False. The Pyramid of Giza is the only ancient world wonder that still exists.
3. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon used to be located in modern Iraq. True.
4. The Statue of Zeus at Olympia was about 5 meters tall and was made of wood. False. The Statue of Zeus at Olympia was about 12 meters tall and was made of gold and ivory.
5. The Colossus of Rhodes was a giant statue of the Egyptian God Helios. False. Helios is the Greek God.
The Lighthouse at Alexandria was destroyed by one man who wanted his name to go down in history. False. The Temple of Artemis was destroyed by one man who wanted his name to go down in history.
Слайд 25: The New Seven Wonders
New 7 Wonders of the World (2001-2007) was an initiative started in 2001 by the Swiss corporation New7Wonders Foundation to choose Wonders of the World from a selection of 200 existing monuments.
Слайд 26: Match the photos with places and names
Colosseum (Coliseum) Taj Mahal Chichén Itzá Christ the Redeemer Great Wall Machu Picchu Petra Yucatán, Mexico Jordan Rio de Janeiro China Cuzco, Peru Rome Agra, India
Слайд 34: Grammar Reference Conditional Sentenses
Тип I-(а) - реальные события ( Придаточное – Present Indefinite; Главное – Future Indefinite). If I have a lot of money, I will visit the Stonehenge. Тип I-( б) - маловероятные события (Придаточное – Subjunctive II-2 (should + инфинитив); Главное – Future Indefinite). If I should have a lot of money, I will go to _ Easter Island. Тип II - почти нереальные события (Придаточное – Subjunctive I (Past Subjunctive); Главное – Subjunctive II-1 (would + инфинитив). If I had a lot of money, I would restore the Coliseum. Тип III - абсолютно нереальные события (Придаточное – Subjunctive I (Past Perfect Subjunctive); Главное – Subjunctive II-3 (would + Perfect инфинитив). If I had (I’d) had a lot of money, I would have rebuilt the Colossus of Rhodes.
Слайд 35: Discussion. Work in groups 1. Do you think people should try to rebuild those of the Seven wonders of the world that have disappeared? 2. If you could design a wonder of the world, what would you design ? 3. What makes wonder a wonder ? 4. Is it important to have an official list of the wonders of the world ? 5. What wonders would you like to visit?
Marvellous Amazing Impressive Magnificent Remarkable Unique Breathtaking Fascinating Gorgeous Picturesque Delightful Admirable