Первый слайд презентации: United Nations
Group : ITEM-1901 K Done by: Dildabayeva A.A. Teacher : Meldibekova Z.A.
Слайд 2: The United Nations ( UN ) is an intergovernmental organization responsible for maintaining international peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations, achieving international cooperation, and being a center for harmonizing the actions of nations. It is the largest, most familiar, most internationally represented and most powerful intergovernmental organization in the world
Headquarters New York City ( international territory ) Official languages Arabic Chinese English French Russian Spanish Type Intergovernmental organization Membership 193 member states 2 observer states
Leaders • Secretary‑General António Guterres • Deputy Secretary-General Amina J. Mohammed • General Assembly President Tijjani Muhammad-Bande • Economic and Social Council President Mona Juul • Security Council President Vasily Nebenzya Establishment • UN Charter signed 26 June 1945 (74 years ago) • Charter entered into force 24 October 1945 (74 years ago)
Слайд 5: Flag Emblem
Слайд 6: Goal
the observance of peace and security in the world; development of friendly relations between peoples; support for international cooperation and respect for human rights in solving international problems; to become the center of interaction of nations in achieving these goals.
Слайд 7: T he un is headquartered on international territory in New Y ork city; other main offices are in Geneva, N airobi, V ienna and the H ague. The un was established after world war with the aim of preventing future wars, succeeding the ineffective league of nations. On 25 april 1945, 50 governments met in S an F rancisco for a conference and started drafting the un charter, which was adopted on 25 june 1945 and took effect on 24 october 1945, when the un began operations. pursuant to the charter, the organization's objectives include maintaining international peace and security, protecting human rights, delivering humanitarian aid, promoting sustainable development, and upholding international law. At its founding, the un had 51 member states; there are now 193, representing the vast majority of the world's sovereign states
Слайд 8: The organization's mission to preserve world peace was complicated in its early decades by the cold war between the united states and soviet union and their respective allies. Its missions have consisted primarily of unarmed military observers and lightly armed troops with primarily monitoring, reporting and confidence-building roles. Un membership grew significantly following widespread decolonization beginning in the 1960s. Since then, 80 former colonies have gained independence, including 11 trust territories that had been monitored by the trusteeship council. By the 1970s, the un's budget for economic and social development programmes far outstripped its spending on peacekeeping. After the end of the cold war, the un shifted and expanded its field operations, undertaking a wide variety of complex tasks
Mikhail Gorbachev, Soviet general secretary, addressing the UN General Assembly in December 1988
The headquarters of the United Nations (new York) general assembly hall
Relatives of the UN, located in Geneva
Слайд 13: Kazakhstan And the United Nations
I n the history of independent kazakhstan on march 2, 1992, kazakhstan is distinguished by the accession of kazakhstan to the united nations. Our country at the 46th session of the un general assembly became a member not only as a new member of the organization, but also as a state that takes an active position on the most pressing international problems of our time.