Презентация на тему: Unit 1: Psychology’s History and Approaches

Unit 1: Psychology’s History and Approaches
What is Psychology?
Psychology’s Roots Prescientific Psychology
Psychology’s Roots Prescientific Psychology
Psychology’s Roots Psychological Science is Born
Psychology’s Roots Thinking About the Mind’s Structure
Psychology’s Roots Thinking About the Mind’s Function
Psychological Science Develops
Psychological Science Develops
Psychological Science Develops
Psychological Science Develops
Psychology’s Biggest Question
Psychology’s Three Main Levels of Analysis
Psychology’s Three Main Levels of Analysis
Psychological Approaches/Perspectives
Psychological Approaches/Perspectives
Psychological Approaches/Perspectives
Psychology’s Subfields
Psychology’s Subfields
Empiricism
Structuralism
Functionalism
Experimental Psychology
Behaviorism
Humanistic Psychology
Cognitive Neuroscience
Psychology
Nature-Nurture Issue
Natural Selection
Biological Psychology
Evolutionary Psychology
Psychodynamic Psychology
Behavioral Psychology
Cognitive Psychology
Social-Cultural Psychology
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Первый слайд презентации: Unit 1: Psychology’s History and Approaches

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Слайд 2: What is Psychology?

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Слайд 3: Psychology’s Roots Prescientific Psychology

Ancient Greeks Socrates Plato Aristotle

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Слайд 4: Psychology’s Roots Prescientific Psychology

Rene Descartes Francis Bacon John Locke Tabula Rasa (blank slate) Empiricism

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Слайд 5: Psychology’s Roots Psychological Science is Born

Wilhelm Wundt (1879) University of Leipzig Reaction time experiment Credited with starting modern psychological experimentation

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Слайд 6: Psychology’s Roots Thinking About the Mind’s Structure

Edward Titchener Structuralism introspection

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Слайд 7: Psychology’s Roots Thinking About the Mind’s Function

William James Functionalism Mary Calkins Margaret Floy Washburn Experimental psychology

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Слайд 8: Psychological Science Develops

Sigmund Freud

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Слайд 9: Psychological Science Develops

Behaviorism John B. Watson B.F. Skinner “study of observable behavior”

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Слайд 10: Psychological Science Develops

Humanistic psychology Carl Rogers Abraham Maslow Cognitive Neuroscience

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Слайд 11: Psychological Science Develops

Psychology Science Behavior Mental processes

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Слайд 12: Psychology’s Biggest Question

Nature – Nurture Issue Biology versus experience History Greeks Rene Descartes Charles Darwin Natural selection

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Слайд 13: Psychology’s Three Main Levels of Analysis

Levels of Analysis Biological Psychological Social-cultural Biopsychosocial Approach

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Слайд 14: Psychology’s Three Main Levels of Analysis

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Слайд 15: Psychological Approaches/Perspectives

Biological psychology Evolutionary psychology Psychodynamic psychology Behavioral psychology Cognitive psychology Humanistic psychology Social-cultural psychology

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Слайд 16: Psychological Approaches/Perspectives

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Слайд 17: Psychological Approaches/Perspectives

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Слайд 18: Psychology’s Subfields

Psychometrics Basic Research Developmental psychology Educational psychology Personality psychology Social psychology

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Слайд 19: Psychology’s Subfields

Applied Research Industrial/organizational psychology Human factors psychology Counseling psychology Clinical psychology Psychiatry

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Слайд 20: Empiricism

= the view that knowledge originates in experience and that science should, therefore, rely on observation and experimentation.

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Слайд 21: Structuralism

= an early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the structural elements of the human mind.

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Слайд 22: Functionalism

= a school of psychology that focused on how our mental and behavioral processes function – how they enable us to adapt, survive, and flourish.

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Слайд 23: Experimental Psychology

= the study of behavior and thinking using the experimental method.

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Слайд 24: Behaviorism

= the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science that (2) studies behavior without reference to mental processes. Most research psychologists today agree with (1) but not with (2).

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Слайд 25: Humanistic Psychology

= historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people and the individual’s potential for personal growth.

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Слайд 26: Cognitive Neuroscience

= the interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with cognition (including perception, thinking, memory, and language).

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Слайд 27: Psychology

= the science of behavior and mental processes.

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Слайд 28: Nature-Nurture Issue

= the longstanding controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the development of psychological traits and behaviors. Today’s science sees traits and behaviors arising from the interaction of nature and nurture.

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Слайд 29: Natural Selection

= the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variations, those contributing to reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding generations.

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Слайд 30: Biological Psychology

= a branch of psychology that studies the links between biological (including neuroscience and behavior genetics) and psychological processes.

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Слайд 31: Evolutionary Psychology

= the study of the roots of behavior and mental processes using the principles of natural selection.

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Слайд 32: Psychodynamic Psychology

= a branch of psychology that studies how unconscious drives and conflicts influence behavior, and uses that information to treat people with psychological disorders.

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Слайд 33: Behavioral Psychology

= the scientific study of observable behavior, and its explanation by principles of learning.

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Слайд 34: Cognitive Psychology

= the scientific study of all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating.

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Последний слайд презентации: Unit 1: Psychology’s History and Approaches: Social-Cultural Psychology

= the study of how situations and cultures affect our behavior and thinking. = the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and relate to one another.

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