Презентация на тему: Transparent interaction and human - robot collaboration for military operations

Transparent interaction and human - robot collaboration for military operations
WHY ROBOTS ARE IMPORTANT IN THE MILITARY?
ROBOTICS PROGRESS TIMELINE
HR BEHAVIORS
METHODS OF HRI AUTONOMOUS SYSTEMS TELEOPERATION SUPERVISORY CONTROL MIXED-INITIATIVE SYSTEMS
TEAMWORK AUTONOMOUS ROBOTS+HUMAN
THE LOOP – WHAT IS IT AND WHY WE WANT TO BE IN IT A HUMAN “IN THE LOOP”
COMMUNICATION BETWEEN HUMANS AND ROBOTS
IMPORTANCE OF THE PAPER FOR THE GROUP’S PROJECT
Transparent interaction and human - robot collaboration for military operations
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Первый слайд презентации: Transparent interaction and human - robot collaboration for military operations

Shan G. Lakhmani, Julia L. Wright, Jessie Y.C. Chen U.S. Army Research Laboratory, Human Research and Engineering Directorate, Orlando, FL, United States Transparent interaction and human - robot collaboration for military operations Student OREL, Egor (1836231) Teacher IOCCHI, Luca

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Слайд 2: WHY ROBOTS ARE IMPORTANT IN THE MILITARY?

THEY GO WHERE SOLDIERS CANNOT THEY KEEP BOTH SOLDIERS AND CIVILIANS SAFE WHY ROBOTS ARE IMPORTANT IN THE MILITARY? THEY DO WHAT SOLDIERS CANNOT THEY INCREASE THE SOLDIERS’ SCOPE OF INFLUENCE clearing buildings; search and rescue in disaster areas and battlefields; detonation and disposal of explosives; reconnaissance and surveillance. gathering data to support soldiers’ situation awareness, transporting soldier equipment, distributing supplies to soldiers in the most forward resupply positions, facilitating commanders’ decision-making (collecting, organizing, and prioritizing data) keeping soldier’s safe by providing greater stand-off distance from the enemy for maneuvers and convoys

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Слайд 3: ROBOTICS PROGRESS TIMELINE

Past Future Nowadays Autonomous teammates Teleoperated tools HRI PROGRESS TIMELINE Human and robot share the task load Human soldier completes all the tasks

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Слайд 4: HR BEHAVIORS

Work related activities needed to accomplish the team’s goals 4 TASK WORK Coordination, sharing knowledge, and all the other actions needed for interdependent operation TEAM WORK Robots are already being designed to do taskwork Team behaviors, such as communication and coordination, can be simulated by robots to support important facets of HRI, such as mutual predictability and shared knowledge Transparent HRI Transparency is an emergent property of the HRI process whereby a human operator has a clear and accurate understanding of how the robot gathers information, processes that info, and makes decisions

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Слайд 5: METHODS OF HRI AUTONOMOUS SYSTEMS TELEOPERATION SUPERVISORY CONTROL MIXED-INITIATIVE SYSTEMS

METHODS OF HRI AUTONOMOUS SYSTEMS a system that can use its understanding of the world, itself, and its situation to independently compose and select among different courses of action to accomplish its goals adaptive automation (the level of automation is changeable by the system) + adjustable automation (the level of automation is changeable by an external operator or system) a human (i.e., teleoperator) can mechanically manipulate items or sense objects at a different location than where they are currently located, using a mechanical or robotic apparatus an operator manages multiple robots by interacting with them individually TELEOPERATION SUPERVISORY CONTROL MIXED-INITIATIVE SYSTEMS Challenges: operators experience issues related to cognitive tunneling, decreased field of vision, degraded sense of spatial orientation, attention switching, and motion sickness Challenges: as the number of robots being supervised increases, the operators’ workload increases, their situation awareness decreases, their response times increase, the number of tasks that can be successfully completed within a designated time interval decreases, and the number of system failures and accidents increase Challenges: mode confusion – when an operator believes the automation is in a different mode than it currently is This combination of independence and flexibility is particularly desirable in complex, dynamic environments, the kind in which the US military anticipates operating

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Слайд 6: TEAMWORK AUTONOMOUS ROBOTS+HUMAN

Effective teamwork between humans and robots, like effective teamwork between people, depends on a mutual understanding of what all the team members are capable of doing, what they are responsible for doing, and what they are currently doing TEAMWORK AUTONOMOUS ROBOTS+HUMAN 6 Human does better Machine does better Both the human and the robot are capable of doing a task suitably One is better than another in dependence on time Neither human nor robot can do the task by themselves but can do so jointly as a team THE BEST VARIANT A human has to work with a robot that : supports mixed-initiative interaction, keeping the human apprised of the overall situation, soliciting additional information as needed, completing predefined tasks without human intervention, dynamically negotiating for initiative when appropriate TASKS environment

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Слайд 7: THE LOOP – WHAT IS IT AND WHY WE WANT TO BE IN IT A HUMAN “IN THE LOOP”

THE LOOP – WHAT IS IT AND WHY WE WANT TO BE IN IT so long as he is aware of what the automation is doing, how the task is progressing, and can reasonably estimate what the next step or outcome will be A HUMAN “IN THE LOOP” “The loop of control” – the interactions between a human operator and automation while conducting one or more tasks when the human loses awareness of the shared task A HUMAN “OUT OF THE LOOP” REASONS Bad HR communication; a robot is modeled to be “strong and silent”; human factor RESULTS reduced performance; reduced situation awareness; increased automation bias; undesired actions

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Слайд 8: COMMUNICATION BETWEEN HUMANS AND ROBOTS

ROBOT’S GESTURES Animal-like or human-like gestures This increased independence can make it difficult for people working with these robots to stay informed about the robot’s actions and the decision making processes that lead to those actions. Thus, we need extensive interaction models for complete understanding between “teammates” AUDITORY CUES Synthetic and human voices, tones, alarms HAPTIC FEEDBACKS Vibrations and controller torque SENSOR-BASED DECISION MAKING A robot sees an environment through sensors and applies some logics on it: NLP, gestures detection... INPUT DEVICES Keyboard, mouse, touch screen SHARED MENTAL MODELS Mutual predictability using neuroengineering technologies In future soldiers and robots will work in mixed teams with shared capabilities

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Слайд 9: IMPORTANCE OF THE PAPER FOR THE GROUP’S PROJECT

The RoboNurse can be exploited in dangerous environments, harmful to the ordinary nurse ( COVID-19 hospitals, battlefields, for example); Mixed-initiative interaction is a promising approach that allows providing qualified assistance to a larger number of hospitalized people with a limited number of medical staff, but considering doctor’s solutions regarding special situation ; We’ll implement the protocol of mixed-initiative interaction in the project. IMPORTANCE OF THE PAPER FOR THE GROUP’S PROJECT 9 Robo Nurse

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Последний слайд презентации: Transparent interaction and human - robot collaboration for military operations: Transparent interaction and human - robot collaboration for military operations

Shan G. Lakhmani, Julia L. Wright, Jessie Y.C. Chen U.S. Army Research Laboratory, Human Research and Engineering Directorate, Orlando, FL, United States Transparent interaction and human - robot collaboration for military operations Student OREL, Egor (1836231) Teacher IOCCHI, Luca

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