Первый слайд презентации: The UK system of state and GOVERNMENT
Performed: Arakelyan V. & Akobyan A.
Слайд 2: MONARCHY
The monarchy is the most ancient secular institution in the UK, with a continuous history stretching back over a thousand years.
The British monarchy is alive and well for centuries, it is certainly the oldest institution of the United Kingdom. It existed for about 400 years before the Parliament and three centuries before the first ships to almost continuous race of kings and queens appeared a thousand years ago. Soma Queen Elizabeth II - a descendant of the Saxon monarchs, who joined in the IX century England and William the Conqueror, whose victory at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 brought the power of normonam. The Queen reigns over forty years, playing the role of constitutional monarch in the days of the republics and presidents. Monarchical rule was interrupted only once, for three hundred years ago, when in 1649 the defeat of Charles I of swords and guns of the parliamentary army of Oliver Cromwell meant that Britain was proclaimed a republic. In 1660, Charles II, son of Charles I, was again elevated to the throne, and Britain, the cook, and before it became a monarchy.
Слайд 4: L egislature
Legislative power is vested in parliament, which consists of the lower house (House of Commons) and the upper house (House of Lords). The executive power is in the hands of the government, headed by the Prime Minister. From 40 - 60 sectoral ministers he selects about half, forming a cabinet that under his leadership decides the most important national problem. Monarch, which has no legislative power, performs representative functions
House of commons is an elected and representative body ; members (at present 650) are elected by almost universal adult suffrage to represent constituencies in England (523), Scotland (72), Wales(38) and Northern Ireland (17)
Слайд 6: Judiciary
The UK has no Ministry of Justice. Responsibility for the administration of the judical system in England and wales is divided between the courts themselves, the Lord Chancellor is concerned, with civil law, parts of criminal procedure and law reform in general; the Home Secretary is concerned with the prevention of criminal offences, the apprehension, trial and treatment of offenders, and with the prison service