Слайд 2: Relative clauses
give us information about the person, thing, place mentioned. Jack, who's retired now, spends a lot of time with his grandchildren. A serial murderer is a person who kills several people. I found an apron which /that was covered in blood. Whitchapel was the district where Jack the Ripper operated.
Слайд 3: A defining relative clause
gives essential information to define or identify the person or thing/place we are talking about: Dogs that like cats are very unusual. (Which dogs?) They live in a house whose roof is full of holes. (Which house?) Let’s go to a country where the sun always shines. The dish (that/which) I ordered yesterday was delicious.
Слайд 4: Defining relative clause: pronouns
To give essential info about people : who / that This is the man who told me the news. things : which / that The letter that was delivered was from my boss. places : where This is the house where we lived in when I was young. possession : whose The cat whose left eye is injured is called Tom. sentence : which He wouldn’t tell, which we had already expected.
Слайд 5: Defining relative clause: no pronoun needed …
When the realtive clause already has a subject, we can drop the relative pronoun Mary Kelly was a young girl ( who / that ) everybody loved very much. The police examined all the letters ( which / that ) they received.
Слайд 6: A non- defining relative clause
gives us extra information about someone or something. It isn't essential for understanding who or what we are talking about. My grandfather, who's 87, goes swimming every day. The house, which was built in 1883, has just been opened to the public. The award was given to Sara, whose short story impressed the judges. We also use commas t o separate the clause from the rest of the sentence.
Слайд 7: A non- defining relative clause
here we cannot use the relative pronoun that : Polly Nichols, who that was a prostitute, was murdered in 1888. On her birthday Sandra got a pony, which that she had dreamt of. the relative pronoun cannot be dropped either Oxford Street, which is a famous shopping street in London, is always busy.
Слайд 8: The importance of a comma …
Can you tell the difference in meaning ? My brother, who is a doctor, lives in Africa. = non- defining, your probably have only 1 brother My brother who is a doctor, lives in Africa. = defining, you have more brothers and want to talk about this one
Слайд 9: Up to you : defining or non – defining
London, which is the capital of England, is one of the largest cities in the world. The village where I grew up is very small. This is the officer that arrested the burglar. That's the dog that bit me. Greg, whose job involves travelling a lot, has been in nearly all the countries in the world. The office I have just rented is near my home.
Слайд 10: Up to you : defining or non – defining
London, which is the capital of England, is one of the largest cities in the world. ND The village where I grew up is very small. D This is the officer that arrested the burglar. D That's the dog that bit me. D Greg, whose job involves travelling a lot, has been in nearly all the countries in the world. ND The office I have just rented is near my home. D
Слайд 11: Up to you : exercises
Fill in the right relative pronoun : learning app https://learningapps.org/view17684797 Extra exercises online: https://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=4219
Последний слайд презентации: The relative clause: References
Delbaere, J. & Derycke C. ( 2018). Ace 3. Kapellen: Pelckmans. https://www.ef.com https://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=4219 https://explorationsofstyle.com/2012/02/28/commas-and-relative-clauses/ https://learningapps.org/ https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/