Первый слайд презентации: THE PROTECTION OF CHILDREN FROM SEXUAL OFFENCES (POCSO) ACT, 2012
PATEL DEVANSH 17LL4(a)
Слайд 2: THE PROTECTION OF CHILDREN FROM SEXUAL OFFENCES ACT, 2012
COUNTRY : INDIA ADOPTED ON : 19 th JUNE 2012
Слайд 3: GOALS OF (POCSO) ACT 2012
To provide robust legal framework for protection of children from offences of sexual assault, sexual harassment and pornography, while safeguarding the interest of child at every stage of judicial process.
Слайд 4: PRINCIPLES OF (POCSO) ACT 2012
Principle of the Act seeks to put children first by making it easy to use by including mechanisms for child-friendly reporting, recording of evidence, investigation and speedy trial of offences through designated Special Courts.
Слайд 5: CONTENT OF (POCSO) ACT 2012
Offences under the Act It recognises forms of penetration other than penile-vaginal penetration and criminalises acts of immodesty against children too. Includes : Penetrative Sexual Assault : Insertion of penis/object/another body part in child's vagina/urethra/anus/mouth, or asking the child to do so with them or some other person.
Слайд 6: Offences under the Act
Sexual Assault : When a person touches the child, or makes the child touch them or someone else. Sexual Harassment : passing sexually coloured remark, sexual gesture/noise, repeatedly following, flashing, etc. Child Pornography. Aggravated Penetrative Sexual Assault/ Aggravated Sexual Assault.
Слайд 7: Child-friendly Process
Provides for various procedural reforms, making tiring process of trial in India considerably easier for children. Been criticised as its provisions seem to criminalise consensual sexual intercourse between two people below the age of 18. The 2001 version of Bill did not punish consensual sexual activity if one or both partners were above 16 years.
Слайд 8: Child Welfare Committee (CWC)
Sexually abused child is considered "child in need of care and protection" under Juvenile Justice Act, 2015. Police officer should inform CWC about every case within 24 hours. Can appoint support person for child who will be responsible for psycho-social well-being of child, also liaise with police, and keep child and child's family informed about progress in case.
Слайд 9: Mandatory Reporting
According to Act, every crime of child sexual abuse should be reported. If person who has information of any abuse fails to report, may face imprisonment up to six months or fined or both. There may be many survivors who do not want to go through trauma of criminal justice system, but this provision does not differentiate.
Слайд 10: PRACTICAL REALIZATION OF (POCSO) ACT 2012
A study on status of implementation of Act was conducted and released in May 2018. It surveyed 17 districts and 147 stakeholders, including police, hospitals, child welfare committees, special public prosecutors, Juvenile Justice Boards and community-based organisations. Of these, an important stakeholder was police force, responsible for executing the Act.
Слайд 11: PRACTICAL REALIZATION OF (POCSO) ACT 2012
98 per cent of them, when asked if there was increase in reporting of cases of sexual offences against children, said there was a definite rise. Among reasons given for rise by respondents: increased social awareness on issue, disputed love relationships involving children between 16 and 18 especially in instances where girl’s parents are not in favour of matter, several actions were not considered offences under any law were now counted as offences.
Слайд 12: PRACTICAL REALIZATION OF (POCSO) ACT 2012
According to information given by Minister of State for Women and Child Development to Rajya Sabha in February 2018, a total of 1,04,976 cases were registered from 2014-2016. Total number of cases registered in 2014 were 34,449, which saw an increase to 34,505 in 2015 and 36,022 in 2016.
Последний слайд презентации: THE PROTECTION OF CHILDREN FROM SEXUAL OFFENCES (POCSO) ACT, 2012: SIGNIFICANCE OF (POCSO) ACT 2012
Act defines a child as any person below eighteen years of age, and regards best interests and welfare of child as matter of paramount importance at every stage, to ensure healthy physical, emotional, intellectual and social development of child. The act is gender neutral.