Первый слайд презентации: The history of medicine. Medicine in ancient Greece
The work performed by Kasatikova Polina From group 219
Слайд 2: Medicine in ancient Greece
Ancient Greek Medicine was a compilation of theories and practices that were constantly expanding through new ideologies and trials. The ancient Greeks believed the humors, geographic location, social class, diet, trauma, beliefs, and mindset affected health. Early on the ancient Greeks believed that illnesses were "divine punishments" and that healing was a "gift from the Gods".
Слайд 3: Medicine in ancient Greece
Hippocrates theory of the Four Humours was for a long time the basis upon which to develop medical reasoning. This theory of the Four Humours includes the following excretes: blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile.
Слайд 4: Medicine and math
His followers considered the numbers 4 and 7 special. They noted that: 7 x 4 is 28, the length of the lunar month and the menstrual cycle 7 x 40 is 280, the number of days of a full-term pregnancy They also believed that a baby that was born in the 7month rather than the 8, would enjoy better health. The 40-day quarantine period to avoid disease contagion comes from the idea that the number 40 is sacred.
Слайд 5: Hippocrates
Hippocrates was a Greek philosopher who lived from approximately 460 BC to 377 BC. Greek medicine was based on the work of Hippocrates.
Слайд 6: Hippocrates
Hippocrates and his students documented numerous illnesses in the Hippocratic Corpus and developed the Hippocratic Oath for physicians which is still in use today. In addition Hippocrates founded a medical school in Kos.
Слайд 7: Medical terminology
Hippocrates and his school were the first to use the following medical terms: acute and chronic endemic and epidemic convalescence crisis exacerbation paroxysm peak relapse resolution
Слайд 8: Hippocrates
The theories of Hippocrates dismissed the notion that Magic or spirits could cause or cure disease. Essentially Hippocratic medicine allowed diseases to run their natural course with doctors giving treatments such as herbal remedies to ease pain.
Слайд 9: Hippocrates
Only when necessary and after a reasonable period of observation and thought should a doctor resort to Surgery, which in a world without anesthetics was not always successful.
Слайд 10: Surgery
Constant wars gave doctors experience in practical first aid. Military doctors would remove tip of arrow and other part of weaponry. They also carried out amputations, for example, to stop the spread of gangrene. They would close a wound using thread, and dress it with sponge or linen soaked in vinegar, wine, oil, or water, seawater, honey, or powdered plants. Then they recommended the patient to consume foods, such as celery, which they believed had anti-inflammatory properties. The ancient Greeks believed that pus was useful for removing toxins from the body an idea that persisted into medieval times.
Слайд 11: The Theory of the Four Humours
The Theory of the Four Humours was an important development in medical knowledge, which originated in the works of Aristotle. The Greeks believed that the body was made up of four main components or Four Humours. These Four Humours needed to remain balanced in order for people to remain healthy.
Слайд 12: The Theory of the Four Humours
The Four Humours were liquids within the body- blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile. These fluids may be connected to the four seasons of the year: Yellow Bile with summer, black bile with autumn, phlegm with winter and blood, with spring.
Слайд 13: The Theory of the Four Humours
Hippocrates and other Greek doctors argued that the balance of the four humors will be the most effective in these particular seasons. For example, if someone had a fever doctors thought that patients had too much blood in their body. The logical cure therefore is to «bleed» the patient.
Слайд 14: The Cult of Asclepius
Asclepious was the Greek God of healing. Worshippers built large temple complexes around Greece in his name. Throughout the period and into the era of the Roman Empire people would visit these temples to be cured. The cult of Asclepius is remembered today because the name of his daughter Hygeia. The science of hygiene was named after her.
Слайд 15: The Cult of Asclepius
In an Asclepion ( it was one of the temples) a patient should take part in a number of rituals, which it was believed would cure the disease. These rituals consisted of: Making sacrifices Bathing Sleeping in the yard
Слайд 16: Public Health in Ancient Greece
The Greeks made use of some public health systems that enabled clean water to deliver to towns and waste to be disposed of. The quality and type of public health available varied from one City State to the next. Much of what the Greeks had developed formed the basis of the more substantial Public Health works conducted by the Romans.
Последний слайд презентации: The history of medicine. Medicine in ancient Greece: Questions
What influences health according to the ancient Greeks? What kind excretes are included in the Humours theory ? What has changed in Greek medicine since the arrival of Hippocrates? What was the name of Asclepius' daughter? What did the rituals in the temples consist of?