Презентация на тему: The Functions of the Infinitive in the Sentence

The Functions of the Infinitive in the Sentence
The Infinitive is…
The functions of the infinitive in the sentence.
The Functions of the Infinitive in the Sentence
The Functions of the Infinitive in the Sentence
The Functions of the Infinitive in the Sentence
The Functions of the Infinitive in the Sentence
The Functions of the Infinitive in the Sentence
The Functions of the Infinitive in the Sentence
The Functions of the Infinitive in the Sentence
The Functions of the Infinitive in the Sentence
The Functions of the Infinitive in the Sentence
The Functions of the Infinitive in the Sentence
The Functions of the Infinitive in the Sentence
The Functions of the Infinitive in the Sentence
The Functions of the Infinitive in the Sentence
1/16
Средняя оценка: 4.6/5 (всего оценок: 87)
Код скопирован в буфер обмена
Скачать (91 Кб)
1

Первый слайд презентации: The Functions of the Infinitive in the Sentence

Done by Mazanik Anna Solodilove Olga 212 group

Изображение слайда
2

Слайд 2: The Infinitive is…

…is a verbal form (a non-finite verb form) which consists of the base form of the verb with the particle " to” e.g. to do; to go; to play; to take; to break; to find.

Изображение слайда
3

Слайд 3: The functions of the infinitive in the sentence

1. The infinitive as a subject. To doubt, under the circumstances, is almost to insult. ( Ch.. Bronte ) Сомневаться при таких обстоятельствах — это почти означает нанести оскорбление. Even to think of it gave him ineffable torture. ( Bennett ) Одна мысль об этом причиняла ему невыразимые страдания. То be recognized, greeted by some local personage afforded her a joy which was very great. ( Cronin ) Когда ее узнавал и приветствовал какой-нибудь видный местный житель, она испытывала большую радость. From these examples we can see that the infinitive as a subject can be rendered in Russian by an infinitive, by a noun, or by a clause.

Изображение слайда
4

Слайд 4

2. The infinitive as a predicative. My intention is to get into parliament. ( Trollope ) Моя цель — пройти в парламент. The infinitive can also be used as part of a predicative. The abode of Mrs. Betty was not easy to find. ( Dickens ) Жилище миссис Бетти было нелегко найти.

Изображение слайда
5

Слайд 5

3. The infinitive as part of a compound verbal predicate. (a) With modal verbs, modal expressions, and verbs expressing modality the infinitive forms part of a compound verbal modal predicate. We must not leave him by himself any longer. (Dickens) The train was to leave at midnight. (Hemingway) ...I intend to lead a better life in the future. (Wilde)

Изображение слайда
6

Слайд 6

( b) With verbs denoting the beginning, duration, or end of an action the infinitive forms part of a compound verbal aspect predicate. Imprisonment began to tell upon him. (Dickens) Before daylight it started to drizzle. (Hemingway) Clare continued to observe her. (Hardy) ... they gradually ceased to talk. (Twain)

Изображение слайда
7

Слайд 7

4. The infinitive as an object. Leila had learned to dance at boarding school. (Mansfield) After the verbs to allow, to order, to ask, to beg, to request, to implore, to teach, to instruct we often find two objects, one of which is expressed by an infinitive. He asked me to walk in. (Collins) And the curate does not teach you to read and to write then? (E. Bronte) The infinitive used as an object can be preceded by the introductory object it. The introductory object is not translated into Russian. He found it utterly impossible to leave the spot. ( Hardy ) Он считал совершенно невозможным покинуть это место.

Изображение слайда
8

Слайд 8

5. The infinitive as part of a complex object. I never saw you act this way before. ( Dreiser ) Я никогда раньше не видел, чтобы вы так поступали.

Изображение слайда
9

Слайд 9

6. The infinitive as an attribute. The use of the infinitive as an attribute is far more extensive in English than in Russian: in Russian it modifies only abstract nouns, whereas in English it modifies both abstract and class nouns, indefinite pronouns (somebody, something, anybody, anything, etc.), ordinal numerals and the adjective last. The infinitive as an attribute is rendered in Russian by an infinitive (chiefly after abstract nouns), by a subordinate clause or by a finite verb serving as the predicate of a simple sentence (after ordinal numerals and the adjective last ). I have nobody to say a kind word to me. ( Trollope ) У меня нет никого, кто сказал бы мне доброе слово. Не was the first to offer his hand to the Russians. ( Heym ) О н первый протянул руку русским. When his engine broke down, it was the last to be repaired. ( Heym ) Когда его машина сломалась, ее починили последней.

Изображение слайда
10

Слайд 10

The infinitive used as an attribute often has a modal significance — it expresses an action thought of as obligatory or possible. I’ve got my wife and little boy to look after. ( Dreiser ) У меня есть жена и ребенок, о которых я должен заботиться. Tess was no insignificant creature to toy with and dismiss. ( Hardy ) Тэсс была не такое незначительное существо, с которым можно поиграть и бросить.

Изображение слайда
11

Слайд 11

Sometimes the infinitive used as an attribute implies a more or less prominent idea of purpose. Here is a nice book to read before going to bed. Вот книга, которую хорошо почитать перед сном. Here is a charming little cottage to spend the summer in. Вот очаровательный коттедж, в котором можно хорошо провести лето. ...he had no courage to face danger. ( Dreiser ) ... у него не хватало мужества взглянуть в лицо опасности.

Изображение слайда
12

Слайд 12

7. The infinitive as an adverbial modifier. ( a) The infinitive can be an adverbial modifier of purpose. Laws were not made to be broken, laws were made to stay within. ( Heym ) Законы были созданы не для того, чтобы их нарушать, а для того, чтобы им подчиняться. То pacify her, I held the window ajar a few seconds. ( E. Bronte ) Чтобы успокоить ее, я на несколько секунд приоткрыла окно. The infinitive as an adverbial modifier of purpose can be introduced by in order and so as. Sometimes you retreat in order to advance. ( Heym ) Иногда отступают для того, чтобы вновь перейти в наступление. Soames put on his coat so as not to be cold. ( Galsworthy ) Сомc надел пальто, чтобы не мерзнуть.

Изображение слайда
13

Слайд 13

( b) The infinitive can be used as an adverbial modifier of result. This chiefly occurs after adjectives modified by the adverbs enough and too. His eyes were sharp enough to look after his own interest. ( Heym ) Глаза у него были достаточно зоркие, чтобы позаботиться о собственной выгоде. I was too busy to see anyone. ( Wilson ) Я был так занят, что не мог ни с кем встречаться. The infinitive as an adverbial modifier of result is also to be found in sentences of the following type : Mr. Rokesmith has been so polite as to place his sitting-room at our disposal today. ( Dickens ) Мистер Роксмит был настолько любезен, что отдал на сегодня свою гостиную в наше распоряжение. As the above examples show the result expressed by the infinitive is often negative.

Изображение слайда
14

Слайд 14

( c) The infinitive can be an adverbial modifier of comparison (manner) ; in most cases with an additional meaning of purpose. In this function it is introduced by the conjunction as if or as though. She nervously moved her hand towards his lips as if to stop him... ( Dickens ) Она нервно протянула руку к его губам, как будто хотела остановить его.

Изображение слайда
15

Слайд 15

( d) The infinitive can be used as an adverbial modifier of attendant circumstances. She was driven away, never to revisit this neighbourhood. ( E. Bronte ) Она была вынуждена уехать и больше не вернулась в эти места. I am sorry to have raised your expectations, Mr. Blake, only to disappoint them. ( Collins ) Мне очень жаль, что я пробудил в вас надежду, мистер Блейк, только для того, чтобы затем отнять ее. N o t e. — Some grammarians maintain that in sentences of this type the infinitive performs the function of an adverbial modifier of result ( consequence).

Изображение слайда
16

Последний слайд презентации: The Functions of the Infinitive in the Sentence

8. The infinitive as parenthesis. Well, to cut a long story short, they thought it would be more economical to live at the villa. (Maugham) Короче говоря, они решили, что будет дешевле жить на вилле. То put it mildly, he was not up to the mark. Мягко выражаясь, он был не на высоте. Не brought with him a collection of Indian curios, to say nothing of an independent fortune and several slaves. ( Dreiser ) Он привез с собой коллекцию индийских художественных вещей, не говоря уже о значительном состоянии и нескольких рабах.

Изображение слайда