Первый слайд презентации: Thailand
Слайд 2: С ountry at the Southeast Asian Indochinese Peninsula, composed of 76 provinces
Officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam ราชอาณาจักรไทย
Capital and largest city - Bangkok Official language - Thai Form of government- constitutional monarchy Population ~ 69,428,453 Currency Baht (฿) Clockwise from northwest is bordered by Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia, the Gulf of Thailand, Malaysia and the Andaman Sea
Being a historically autonomous Asian kingdom, Thailand is significantly influenced by its traditions. Buddhism and the monarchy have historically been seen as sources of order and stability in society and continue to act as symbols of unity for the Thai people. Yet, the culture is also accommodating of contemporary practices and values. Many Thai people have embraced progressive ideas as their country has globalised. This is reflected in the country’s capital, Bangkok- a vibrant cosmopolitan city containing a melting pot of traditional influences and contemporary attitudes.
Слайд 5: The Land of Smiles’
Thailand is renowned for the welcoming and warm disposition of its culture and people.
Слайд 6: Harmony and Respect- core concepts of Thai Culture:
Thai society is quite modest and conservative. The concept of 'face' is one of the underpinning factors influencing the way in which Thais behave and interact with one another. Face refers to a person’s or a collective’s reputation, dignity and honour. actions such as complimenting a person, demonstrating respect or increasing another’s self-esteem, one can give face. A harmonious demeanour and calm disposition is the norm, pointing out someone’s error, criticising them or raising one’s voice are all seen as actions that can cause a loss of face and bring shame. Thus, face can also be lost, saved or maintained. Excessive displays of negative emotions (e.g. anger, selfishness) or outbursts are avoided.
Слайд 7: Cuisine
5 fundamental tastes sweet spicy sour bitter salty
garlic, chillies, lime juice, lemon grass, coriander, palm sugar, fish sauce Common ingredients used include :
Jasmine variety rice forms a part of almost every meal Thais domestically consume over 100 kg of milled rice per person per year Over 5,000 varieties of rice from Thailand are preserved in the rice gene bank of the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI)
Greetings In both a formal and informal situation, Thai people greet each other with the word ‘sawadee’ followed by ‘kah’ for females and ‘ kraap ’ for males. It is normal to refer to someone of a perceived higher status by the title ‘Khun’ ( Mr / Ms ) followed by their first name. For example, a shop assistant would refer to their customer through the term ‘Khun’. People of the same age or who are close friends will omit the use of the title khun.
The Wai Greetings are accompanied by the gesture known as a ‘ wai ’, which is the placing of two palms together, with fingertips touching the nose. A wai indicates the level of respect for another person and is an acknowledgement of seniority. A person should bow their head with their palms pressed together to indicate respect. The depth of the bow and the level of the hands represents the level of respect. Whilst this form of greeting is still widely used, the younger generation are not as rigid in their adherence to the customary wai. Greetings
Genuine kindness and willingness to help others without expecting anything in return. ม่ใจ[ náːm ] Untranslatable words in Thai language
is “a sulky feeling toward someone because of their action”. This word represents a negative feeling, but it’s not quite as strong as being angry or upset. The feeling ngaawn happens only between people who are close to each other, such as a couple, family members, or friends. There are many actions that indicate if someone feels ngaawn toward you, for example: Someone talks to you sarcastically. Someone has stopped talking to you, or isn’t willing to talk to you. Someone doesn’t want to meet you. Someone doesn’t act well toward you as they used to. งอน ( ngaawn )
These are types of coconut milk. The process of making coconut milk is to add water to the shredded coconut meat, and then squeeze it until the water becomes coconut milk. The first part of coconut milk we get from this process is called hǔua ga ̀- thi ́, while the coconut milk we get at the later stage is called hǎang ga ̀- thi ́. Hǔua ga ̀- thi ́ is richer in taste than hǎang ga ̀- thi ́. หัวกะทิ ( hǔua ga ̀- thi ́) and หางกะทิ ( hǎang ga ̀- thi ́)
is the feeling of being afraid to disturb other people, or afraid to have other people do something for you (even if the other parties are willing to do it for you). เกรงใจ ( greeng -jai)