Презентация на тему: Text 1

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Hedging
Across
Haven
Test 1
Gold price
gold bullion
Words to use
Test 2
Vaulted gold
Fact 1
Fact 2
Fact 3
Fact 4
Fact 4
Peak gold
The Bretton Woods Agreement
By fiat
Introduction of the Krugerrand
The inception of
EGYPTIAN CONQUESTS FOR GOLD
GREEK CONQUESTS FOR GOLD
GOLD PURITY
Test 3
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Первый слайд презентации: Text 1

Of all the precious metals, gold is the most popular as an investment. Investors generally buy gold as a way of diversifying risk, especially through the use of future contracts and derivatives. The gold market is the subject to speculation and volatility as other markets. Compared to other precious metals as an investment, gold has the most effective safe haven and hedging properties across a number of countries.

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Слайд 2: Hedging

the  activity  of  reducing the   risk of   losing money on  shares, bonds, etc. that you own Originally hedge funds took a more traditional approach to hedging; they bought shares that would rise in companies they expected to do well Hedging instruments such as futures contracts are priced in dollars To be priced in dollars Corn/ gold/ oil futures – agreements to buy and sell goods

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Слайд 3: Across

We use  across  to emphasise that something is happening at the same time in many places, e.g. within an organisation, a city or a country: She’s opened coffee shops  across  the city and they’re very successful. Across  the country, people are coming out to vote for a new president.

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Слайд 4: Haven

A safe and peaceful place A haven from the noise and bustle of the city To provide safe havens for the refugees A haven for owners of offshore companies

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Слайд 5: Test 1

1) _________ all the precious metals, gold is the most popular as an investment. Investors generally buy gold as a way of diversifying risk, especially 2)____________ the use of future contracts and derivatives. The gold market is the subject 3) _____________speculation and volatility as other markets. 4)______________ to other precious metals as an investment, gold has the most effective safe haven and hedging properties 5)____________ a number of countries.

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Слайд 6: Gold price

Gold has been used throughout history as money and has been a relative standard for currency equivalents specific to economic regions and countries, until recent times. Since 1919 the most common benchmark for the price of gold has been The London Gold Fixing, a twice-daily telephone meeting of representatives from the bullion –trading firms of the London bullion market! Gold, like all precious metals, may be used as a hedge against inflation,  deflation or currency devaluation, though its efficacy as such has been questioned; historically, it has not proven itself reliable as a hedging instrument!

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Слайд 7: gold bullion

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Слайд 8: Words to use

Official gold reserves The bullion-trading firms Top gold consumers Mass-produced jewelry Annual mine production of gold exchange-traded gold funds The gold price The key sellers of gold Holdings into gold The monetary policy decisions Online gold buyers Via the gold standard Gold bullion securities To issue gold certificates To offer gold accounts

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Слайд 9: Test 2

Gold has been used 1) __________ history as money and has been a relative standard for currency equivalents specific 2)_______economic regions and countries, until recent times. Since 1919 the most common benchmark 3)_________the price of gold has been The London Gold Fixing, a twice-daily telephone meeting of representatives from the bullion –trading firms of the London bullion market! Gold, like all precious metals, may be used as a hedge against inflation, deflation or currency devaluation, 4)_______ its efficacy as 5)________ has been questioned; historically, it has not proven itself reliable as a hedging instrument!

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Слайд 10: Vaulted gold

Vaulted gold  denotes gold  bullion, which is stored in professional bank vaults.

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Слайд 11: Fact 1

A unique feature of gold is that it has no default risk

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Слайд 12: Fact 2

Industrial, dental and medical uses account for around 12% of gold demand.

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Слайд 13: Fact 3

In recent years the recycling of second-hand jewelry has become a multibillion-dollar industry. The term "Cash for Gold" refers to offers of cash for selling old, broken, or mismatched gold jewelry to local and online gold buyers.

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Слайд 14: Fact 4

Bars generally carry lower price premiums than gold bullion coins. However larger bars carry an increased risk of forgery due to their less stringent parameters for appearance.

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Слайд 15: Fact 4

The first paper bank notes were gold certificates. They were first issued in the 17th century when they were used by goldsmiths in England and the Netherlands for customers who kept deposits of gold bullion in their vault for safe-keeping.

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Слайд 16: Peak gold

Peak gold  is the date at which the maximum rate of global  gold extraction is reached. According to  Hubbert peak theory, after the peak, the rate of production  declines until it approaches zero.

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Слайд 17: The Bretton Woods Agreement

Another important point in the modern history of gold is the Bretton Woods agreement. The two world wars had devastated the international financial markets and at the end of World War II, the global leaders came together to create a gold exchange standard for the world, linking it to the US Dollar. At the end of the war, the US emerged as the strongest nation, both militarily as well as economically. So, the US Dollar was chosen under the Bretton Woods agreement and this made the US extremely powerful on the international markets. The move is one of the most important points for the price of gold and for the US economy, as it paved the way for the US to become a global superpower. As a commodity and a currency, the history of gold investment is a complex one and is relatively modern. Whilst accumulating wealth (and investing) is not a new human proclivity, the mechanisms for a standard benchmark of gold pricing relative to paper currency only emerged in the last few centuries. Europe was the first continent to implement gold standards at the end of the 19 th  century with the US following suit after WWII. All nations have since adopted a fiat currency system though most hold gold as central reserves or as commodity money.

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Слайд 18: By fiat

If sth is done by fiat, it is done because of an official order He has tried to impose solutions to the country’s problems by fiat

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Слайд 19: Introduction of the Krugerrand

The South African  Krugerrand, launched in 1967, was the very first coin designed specifically for investment purposes. At the time South Africa was the biggest gold producers in the world and the Krugerrand was the perfect way to capitalize on this. For the very first time, it offered investors a vehicle for the private ownership of gold and at one time the Krugerrand accounted for nearly 90% of the global gold coin market. Since its inception, many other countries have introduced their own version of the Krugerrand including Britain’s very own  Britannia coin.

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Слайд 20: The inception of

The start of it Since its inception the company has produced 53 different aircraft designs Shortly after its inception

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Слайд 21: EGYPTIAN CONQUESTS FOR GOLD

While pieces of natural gold have been discovered in Spanish caves that date as far back as 40,000 B.C., it wasn’t until  3600 B.C.  that gold was melted down by Egyptian goldsmiths. The Egyptians were part of some of the earliest gold conquests, using prisoners of war, slaves and criminals to work the primitive gold mines of their time. This all took place during a time when gold had no official monetary value or significance but was sought after simply because of its high desirability as a commodity.

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Слайд 22: GREEK CONQUESTS FOR GOLD

By  550 B.C.  Greeks had begun mining for gold throughout the Mediterranean and Middle Eastern regions, causing gold to draw speculation from Plato and Aristotle regarding its origins. Because of being frequently located in water, gold was often thought to be a dense combination of water and sunlight, based on limited scientific and geological understanding of the both substances. With such widespread mining, both by the Greek government and private citizens, it’s not uncommon to find remains of those mines today.

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Слайд 23: GOLD PURITY

Like diamonds, the purity of gold is measured in carats, indicated by a  K  or  kt  symbol. Gold is  considered “pure”  at 24 carats or 99 percent (or more) gold content, at which point it is too soft to be useful for making jewelry. In some instances gold can be alloyed with other metals; most typically silver and copper

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Слайд 24: Test 3

Another important point in the modern history of gold is the Bretton Woods 1)________ (AGREE). The two world wars had devastated the international financial markets and at the end of World War II, the global leaders came together to create a gold exchange standard for the world, linking it to the US Dollar. At the end of the war, the US emerged as the strongest nation, both 2) ________ (MILITARY) as well as ____________ 3) (ECONOMY). So, the US Dollar was chosen under the Bretton Woods agreement and this made the US extremely_4) _________ (POWER) on the international markets. The move is one of the most important points for the price of gold and for the US economy, as it paved the way for the US to become a global 5) __________ (POWER).

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