Первый слайд презентации: Technoparks and Business incubators of RK “Strategy of industrial and innovational development of RK”
Prepared by the student of 3 rd grade Talkanbay K., F1002
Слайд 2: Strategy
In order to ensure sustainable development of Kazakhstan on the basis of diversification and modernization of the economy and create conditions for the production of competitive products and the growth of exports, the Decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 17 May 2003, approved Strategy of Industrial and Innovation Development of Kazakhstan for 2003-2015. Policymakers of this strategy are the Ministry of Economy and Budget Planning of the Republic of Kazakhstan jointly with the Ministry of Industry and Trade, Education and Science, Transport and Communications, Labor and Social Protection, Energy and Mineral Resources, Finance of the Republic of Kazakhstan Agency for Regulation of Natural Monopolies and Protection of Competition, the National Bank.
Strategy of Industrial and Innovation Development of Kazakhstan aimed at the formation of state policy of the Republic of Kazakhstan for the period up to 2015 and aims to achieve sustainable development through economic diversification and shifting from extraction to processing. The one of the main directions of the state policy in the sphere of science, technology and innovation is to create innovative infrastructure, including the creation of specialized subjects of innovative activity of the state, cross-sectoral, sectoral and regional issues.
Слайд 4: The main tasks of the strategy
The main objectives of the Strategy of Industrial and Innovation Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan are: • providing the manufacturing industry average annual growth rate of 8-8.4%, and increases productivity by 2015 compared to 2000, no less than 3 times and reducing energy intensity by 2 times; • Increased productivity of fixed assets of manufacturing; • creating the business climate, the structure and content of public institutions that will encourage the private sector and the competitive edge and develop the elements in the value added chain in specific industries, achieving the highest value; • Encourage the creation of high-tech export-oriented industries; • Diversification of the export potential of the country in favor of goods and services with high added value, and the transition to the world standards of quality; • Development of integration into the regional and global economy, with the world in science and technology and innovation.
Слайд 5: Technology parks of RK
Technology parks are an essential element that is created in the country of the national innovation system. The main task, which is placed in front of technology parks - by providing for the use of the initiators of innovative industrial areas and collective business services to provide favorable conditions for the commercialization of scientific research. The country formed a two-tier system of parks - national and regional technology parks. A distinctive feature is the presence of national parks branch orientation in their activities and conditions of the Special Economic Zone with preferential tax treatment. Kazakhstan currently has more than 40 business incubators.
The main purpose of this definition of technology parks, the expansion and development of innovative potential of the country and, in particular, its regions, as well as meeting the needs of the economy in innovative products. The creation and further development of industrial parks in Kazakhstan is intended to solve the basic problem in the formation of a competitive manufacturing sector of the economy - strengthening the link between science and production, introduction of new technologies, increasing productivity in industry and as a result, the production of high-tech ¬ and competitive products.
Implementation and operation of technology parks in Kazakhstan is on the European model, which has the following features: • the availability of the building, designed to accommodate the tens of small firms (which contributes to the formation of a large number of new small and medium-sized innovative businesses using all the benefits of public services); • service system consisting of complex and simple service recruited from firms that make up the existing structure necessary for innovative businesses the service sector.
Currently, Kazakhstan has a national industrial parks, and regional. A distinctive feature of the national parks - the presence of sectoral focus SEZ with preferential tax treatment. Among the national science and technology parks should provide Information Technology Park (ITP) Alatau village. These industrial parks, as ITP "Alatau", created to ensure rapid development of the industry, region, area of expertise, which are a priority for economic and social development in accordance with the provisions of the regulations. National industrial parks focused on creation of new industries in Kazakhstan, which should help to ensure the future competitiveness of Kazakhstan's economy.
Слайд 9: The summary of the mission and scope of the Kazakh industrial parks
LLP "Technopark" Algorithm ", Uralsk. Established in 2004. Mission: To create an enabling environment for innovation in the western region of Kazakhstan, through the strengthening of close interaction between all participants of the innovation process, as well as the provision of the initiators of innovative physical infrastructure and support services. Business fields: mechanical engineering for the oil and gas industry, instrumentation, petrochemical, environmental protection technology. Almaty regional industrial park, Almaty. Established in 2005. The mission: to raise the added value of enterprises and competitiveness, support for innovation activities of enterprises. Areas of activity: construction technology, building materials, chemical industry, metallurgy, mechanical engineering.
Слайд 10: The summary of the mission and scope of the Kazakh industrial parks.(cont)
3. LLP "Technopark UniScienTech», Karaganda. Established in 2004. Mission: To create an enabling environment for innovation in Central Kazakhstan by providing the initiators of innovative physical infrastructure and specialized services. 4. LLP «Alatau Iy-City Management», Almaty. Established in 2003. Mission: To create a strategic framework for the rapid development of the information technology industry in Kazakhstan. 5. Technopark KazNTU named after Satpayev Almaty. Established in 2004. The mission: to create conditions for rapid development of high technology, the introduction of scientific, technical and technological developments in the industry, the commercialization of research outcomes.
Слайд 11: The summary of the mission and scope of the Kazakh industrial parks.(cont)
6. LLP "Regional Technology Park of Astana". Established in 2007. Areas of activity: development of technologies in the construction and building materials, the development of technology in the field of mechanical engineering. 7. Technology park of "Altai", Ust-Kamenogorsk. Established in 2008. Areas of activity: production and processing of ferrous metals, information technology, engineering, environmental technology, the production of new materials. 8. LLP "East Kazakhstan regional park" Altai ", Ust-Kamenogorsk. Established in 2005. Areas of activity: production and processing of ferrous metals, information technology, engineering, environmental technology, the production of new materials.
Слайд 12: The summary of the mission and scope of the Kazakh industrial parks.(cont)
9. LLP "Regional Technology Park in South Kazakhstan region", Shymkent. Established in 2008. Areas of activity: chemical technology of building materials, production and processing of agricultural products, hydrocarbon processing, environmental technology. 10. TOO "Regional industrial park" Aktobe "Aktobe. Established in 2006. Mission: To provide conditions for the sustainable development of a competitive economy based on the effective use of intellectual potential, generation, distribution and commercialization of new knowledge in the region, through the mechanism of public-private partnership. Areas of activity: mining, agriculture, oil and gas. 11. Technology park of Kazakh National University of Al-Farabi - it is rather a research division of the KNU.
One of the characteristics of Kazakhstan technological parks - located within a large enterprise, involving the work of leading universities and research institutes. As you know, three of the ten national parks are located in high schools, such as the execution of it. Al-Farabi, NEC them. Satpayev and EKSTU of D.Serikbaev. The remaining seven operating in the industrial and scientific centers. According to international experience, science and technology parks (STP) in a number of developed countries tend to be closer to the universities: 48% of STP located on university campuses, 28% - at the distance of 5 km from the university, 11% - at a distance of 5 to 20 km from the university. In Western Europe, 83% of STP located either on campus (72%) or adjacent to it (11%). It is also necessary to point out that most of the parks in Kazakhstan and other countries of the world, in large cities and industrial centers, with the presence of academic institutions and qualified professionals. Even a cursory glance at the geography parks reveals that 60% of the industrial parks located in cities such as Almaty, Astana and Karaganda, others operate in medium and small cities, such as Ust-Kamenogorsk and Uralsk.
In Kazakhstan, the major share of customers' business incubators are the companies involved in the production (food, garments, furniture, craft and souvenir production) and service providers (in the field of training, consulting, and construction and repair work, only 2% of the clients business technological incubators do business), whereas the main objective of the business incubator - "grow" high-tech companies from the earliest stages, with the inception of an idea. In the current days most Kazakh parks are not fully perform their functions and are largely limited to the provision of certain services and space for lease. In addition, according to the conventional tasks parks, Kazakhstani industrial parks do not provide all stages of the innovation process, from basic research to the development and sale of finished products. The level of foreign investment in Kazakhstan's science and innovation is less than 3%, which is insufficient to ensure the full innovation cycle.
In the industrial parks of Kazakhstan, as in most European countries, there is a mixed ownership structure, ie public and private sectors jointly participate in the organization of scientific and technological parks. For example, the structure of ownership in a number of European countries is as follows: 45% - mixed ownership, 38% - the public, 17% - private. Among the services offered by Kazakh technology parks, today should be noted: • leasing of industrial and office space; • arranging rental process equipment; • provision of general utility and communications services. The continued success of Technopark will allow Kazakhstan to make better use of available scientific and technical capacity, financial and human resources. At the same time it will contribute to the socio-economic problems, particularly in the areas of employment and poverty reduction, and the achievement of sustainable economic growth of the state as a whole.