The Saint Petersburg Metro is the underground railway system in Saint Petersburg and Leningrad Oblast, Russia. It has been open since 15 November 1955
The Saint Petersburg Metro is one of the deepest subway systems in the world and the deepest by the average depth of all the stations. The system's deepest station, Admiralteyskaya, is 105 metres below ground. The system of underground railway exhibits many typical Soviet designs and features exquisite decorations and artwork making it one of the most attractive and elegant metros in the world.
Слайд 4: Histor y
By the end of the 19th century, certain interested parties began discussing the possibility of opening the Russian Empire's first metropolitan railway system. In 1901 the engineer Vladimir Pechkovsky presented his project to build an elevated station in the middle of Nevsky Prospect, opposite the Kazan Cathedral Vladimir Pechkovsky
In the same year, Reshevsky, also an engineer, working at the behest for the Tsar's minister for transport, came up with two possible projects, the main aim of which was to unite all of Saint Petersburg's main railway stations with one urban interchange.
An interesting development, the work upon which had been carried out for many years by railway engineer Balinsky was to build a dedicated network of six urban lines, two of which would be radial lines with a total length of 172 kilometres Balinsky
Слайд 7: Plans
The Metro has a very large expansion plan for the next half century. The Pravoberezhnaya Line was split in early 2009, and the new fifth line (Frunzensko-Primorskaya) took the northern (Primorsky) radius away from Pravoberezhnaya and opened with a new section (Frunzensky) to the south.
The line originally opened in December 2008. It contained only two stations until March 7, 2009, when the Line 4 (Pravoberezhnaya Line) segment between Komendantsky Prospekt and Sadovaya stations became a part of the new line.
The Pravoberezhnaya line will extend to the west, and then north to Kamenka. The two stations, Bukharestskaya and Mezhdunarodnaya of the Frunzensko-Primorskaya line, are due to open in the end of 2012.
Слайд 10: Line Kirovsko-Vyborgskaya
Line 1 is the oldest line of the metro, opened in 1955. The original stations are very beautiful and elaborately decorated, especially Avtovo and Narvskaya. The line connects four out of five Saint Petersburg's main railway stations. station Avtovo station Narvskay
Слайд 11: Line Moskovsko-Petrogradskaya
The Moskovsko-Petrogradskaya Line is the second oldest line of the metro, opened in 1961. The line cuts Saint Petersburg on a north-south axis and is generally coloured blue on Metro maps. In 2006, as an extension was opened, it became the longest line on the system. station Nevsky Prospect
Слайд 12: Line Nevsko-Vasileostrovskaya
The Nevsko-Vasileostrovskaya Line is a line of the metro, opened in 1967. Since 1994, it has been officially designated as Line 3. The line cuts Saint Petersburg centre on an east-west axis and then turns southeast following the left bank of the Neva River. It is generally coloured green on Metro maps. station Mayakovskaya
Слайд 13: Line Pravoberezhnaya
The Pravoberezhnaya Line was opened in 1985, it is the shortest line in the system with the stations featuring a modern design. Since 1994, it has been officially designated "Line 4," but the original name is still often used in informal context. station Dostoevskaya station Ladozhskaya
Слайд 14: Line Frunzensko-Primorskaya
The Frunzensko-Primorskaya Line connects the city's historical centre to the northwestern and southern neighborhoods. The line is currently in the process of being expanded to the south. station Sportivnaya station International
Последний слайд презентации: St.Petersburg Underground: Security
The Metro was originally built as a system that could offer shelter in case of a nuclear attack. Every station is equipped with CCTV surveillance following recent terrorist threats. Until the summer of 2009, all photography and video filming in the Metro required a written permit. However, because of a legal challenge by an amateur photographer, after August 24, 2009, photography without a flash can be done without a permit.