Первый слайд презентации: S.SEIFULLIN KAZAKH AGRO TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF PHILOSOPHY (2708) History and Philosophy of Science Lecturer: Ainur Abdina - Doctor of philosophical sciences, Associate Professor of Department of Philosophy
Astana 201 8
Слайд 2: Т heme 4. The emergence and establishment of science
The purpose of the lecture: historical and logical analysis of the stages of formation and development of science.
Слайд 3: Plan:
1. Previous science of Ancient World. 2. Scientific knowledge in the Middle Ages. 3. Medieval universities.
Слайд 4: Basic concepts:
Previous science Syncretism Secularization The relationship between science and religion Theocentricism
Слайд 5: Previous science of Ancient World
Ancient India Veda in Sanskrit means knowledge. Ayurveda is the knowledge of life, the science of life. Creating a positional decimal system with zero (4888 - MMMMDCCCLXXXVIII). Astronomy - Earth moves around its axis, solar and lunar eclipses.
Слайд 6: Previous science of Ancient World
Ancient China Pentateuch (U-ching). Yin and Yang - the category of Chinese philosophy, expressing the idea of a universal dualism of the world (binary classification). Hieroglyphics (214 keys). "Mathematics in nine books» (II century BC.) Joseph Needham (1903-1985 biennium).
Слайд 7: Previous science of Ancient World
Antiquity First principle, substance, arche. The doctrine of the Logos. Pythagorean union. The atomic theory. Sophists. Antique classic. Research of Antiquity.
Слайд 8: Scientific knowledge in the Middle Ages
The Islamic Renaissance. «Dixit Algorizmi». Al-Farabi "Word on the classification of the sciences." Avicenna “The Canon of Medicine". Theocentrism. Thomas Aquinas - The rational proof of the existence of God.