Первый слайд презентации: SOCIAL ASPECTS OF HUMAN ECOLOGY
PRESENTED BY: SIDDA KANISHA & DHAYAL VINOTH SUPERVISOR: SVETLANA SMIRNOVA GROUP: 195A
Слайд 2: NUTRITION AND HUMAN HEALTH
A healthy body needs healthy nutrition. Nutrition: the science which deals with the study of nutrients and food and their effects on the nature & functions of organisms under different conditions of age, health and disease. Good nutrition is an important part of leading a healthy lifestyle. Combined with physical activity, your diet can help you to reach and maintain a healthy weight, reduce your risk of chronic diseases (like heart disease and cancer), and promote your overall health.
Balanced diet: diet necessary for healthy body. It provides each nutrients in the right proportion needed to maintain optimum health. A balanced diet should be both adequate and wholesome.
Слайд 4: DEPENDENCE OF THE NATURE OF FOOD ON THE ENVIRONMENT
Nature of food depends on many factors including: farming method, where food is grown, what pesticides and fertilizers are used, what is fed to our livestock, etc. water and air pollution Loss of wild life and of natural habitats
Слайд 5: HABITATS
A habitat is type natural environment in which a particular species lives. These are those places where the species can find food, shelter, protection and mates for reproduction.
Слайд 9: SOCIAL PROBLEMS OF NUTRITIONAL BIOTECHNOLOGY
Genes inserted in the genetically modified food may get immune to the pesticides and insecticides with time. In the case of certain people, the immune system may not tolerate the desired genes inserted through genetically modified food. This may result in diseases getting immune to antibiotics and drugs. Studies are also going on to verify if the consumption of genetically modified food may cause cancer. Some scientists are concerned that genetically modified food may create new allergens. The genetically modified food may produce new proteins which may act as a new allergen leading to allergic reactions in human beings and the entire food chain
VITAMINS: Vitamins are organic compounds that are needed in small quantities to sustain life. Most vitamins need to come from food. This is because the human body either does not produce enough of them, or it does not produce any at all.
AVITAMINOSIS: Avitaminosis is a clinical condition caused by the lack of vitamins. The symptoms of lack of vitamin depend on the particular type of vitamin. Vitamin deficiency can be caused by poor diet; the most common cause of avitaminosis is the lack or insufficient quantity of fresh and varied food. Exclusive consumption of foods preserved or cooked at high temperatures; cooking inactivates some vitamins. Deficient intestinal absorption, which could be due to many different factors. Increased vitamin requirements; there are physiological situations (pregnancy, lactation, and during active growth in children) and diseases (hyperthyroidism, fever) in which vitamin requirements are increased, and their normal intake is not enough to satisfy the body’s requirements. Unbalanced diet; excesive ingestion of carbohydrates increases the requirements for vitamin B1. Excessive alcohol ingestion interferes with the absorption of several vitamins.
Hypovitaminosis : A disorder that is caused by the deficiency of a vitamin. The deficiency may result from either suboptimal vitamin intake or conditions that prevent the vitamin's use or absorption in the body. Examples include beriberi caused by thiamine deficiency, scurvy caused by vitamin C deficiency, and rickets caused by vitamin D deficiency.
Слайд 16: FOOD ADDITIVES
Substances that are added to food to maintain or improve the safety, freshness, taste, texture, or appearance of food are known as food additives. Some food additives have been in use for centuries for preservation – such as salt (in meats such as bacon or dried fish), sugar (in marmalade), or sulfur dioxide (in wine ).
Слайд 17: PROBLEMS OF USAGE OF FOOD ADDITIVES IN FOOD INDUSTRY
It is often the additives that are used to give a food a marketable quality, such as colour, that most commonly cause allergic reactions. Some of these hypersensitive reactions include: Digestive disorders – diarrhoea and colicky pains Nervous disorders – hyperactivity, insomnia and irritability Respiratory problems – asthma, rhinitis and sinusitis Skin problems – hives, itching, rashes and swelling.
Слайд 18: SOCIAL PROBLEMS OF MODERN SOCIETY
Adolescents and young population are most susceptible to substance abuse. DRUG ABUSE Signs that someone has a drug problem include Changing friends a lot Spending a lot of time alone Losing interest in favorite things Not taking care of themselves - for example, not taking showers, changing clothes, or brushing their teeth Being really tired and sad Eating more or eating less than usual Being very energetic, talking fast, or saying things that don't make sense Being in a bad mood Quickly changing between feeling bad and feeling good Sleeping at strange hours Missing important appointments Having problems at work or at school Having problems in personal or family relationships
Слайд 20: ADDICTION TO SMOKING
Nicotine is the chemical in tobacco which is smoked that makes it hard to quit. Nicotine produces pleasing effects in your brain, but these effects are temporary. So you reach for another cigarette. WITHDRAWAL SYMPTOMS: physical and mood-related symptoms, such as strong cravings, anxiety, irritability, restlessness, difficulty concentrating, depressed mood, frustration, anger, increased hunger, insomnia, constipation diarrhea.
Слайд 22: ALCOHOLISM
Alcoholism is a pattern of alcohol use that involves problems controlling your drinking, being preoccupied with alcohol, continuing to use alcohol even when it causes problems, having to drink more to get the same effect, or having withdrawal symptoms when you rapidly decrease or stop drinking.
Слайд 23: SYMPTOMS OF ALCOHOLISM
Being unable to limit the amount of alcohol you drink Wanting to cut down on how much you drink or making unsuccessful attempts to do so Spending a lot of time drinking, getting alcohol or recovering from alcohol use Feeling a strong craving or urge to drink alcohol Failing to fulfill major obligations at work, school or home due to repeated alcohol use Continuing to drink alcohol even though you know it's causing physical, social or interpersonal problems Giving up or reducing social and work activities and hobbies Using alcohol in situations where it's not safe, such as when driving or swimming Developing a tolerance to alcohol so you need more to feel its effect or you have a reduced effect from the same amount Experiencing withdrawal symptoms — such as nausea, sweating and shaking — when you don't drink, or drinking to avoid these symptoms