Презентация на тему: Semantic structure of words

Semantic structure of words
Semantic structure of words
Words are the central elements of language system. They face both ways: they are the biggest units of morphology and the smallest units of syntax. Words can be
Semantic structure of words
Semantic structure of words
Semantic structure of words
Semantic structure of words
Semantic structure of words
Semantic structure of words
Semantic structure of words
Semantic structure of words
Semantic structure of words
Semantic structure of words
Semantic structure of words
Semantic structure of words
Semantic structure of words
Semantic structure of words
Semantic structure of words
Semantic structure of words
Semantic structure of words
Semantic structure of words
Semantic structure of words
Semantic structure of words
3. Homographs are words different in sound and in meaning but accidentally identical in spelling: Bow [ bou ] – лук / [ bau ] – поклон или нос корабля Lead [
Semantic structure of words
Semantic structure of words
Semantic structure of words
Semantic structure of words
Semantic structure of words
Semantic structure of words
Semantic structure of words
Semantic structure of words
Semantic structure of words
1/33
Средняя оценка: 4.5/5 (всего оценок: 81)
Код скопирован в буфер обмена
Скачать (5430 Кб)
1

Первый слайд презентации: Semantic structure of words

202 group: Sokolova Y. Saulebaeva M. Jabbarova K. Jakupova S. Semantic structure of words

Изображение слайда
2

Слайд 2

Plan: The word and its meaning. Denotational, connotational components. Types of lexical meaning. The lexical and grammatical meanings of the word. Semantic changes. Causes of semantic changes: elevation ( ameleioration ), degradatior (pejoration). Definition and classification of synonyms in Modern English. Sources of synonyms. Definition and classification of antonyms. Sources of antonyms. Definition and classification of homonyms and polysemy. Sources of homonyms. Euphemisms, their specific f eatures. Results of semantic change; metaphor, metonymy its pecularities.

Изображение слайда
3

Слайд 3: Words are the central elements of language system. They face both ways: they are the biggest units of morphology and the smallest units of syntax. Words can be separated in an utterance by other such units and can be used in isolation. Uniting meaning and form, a word is composed of one or more morphemes each consisting of one or more spoken sounds or their written representation

Изображение слайда
4

Слайд 4

Изображение слайда
5

Слайд 5

Изображение слайда
6

Слайд 6

Изображение слайда
7

Слайд 7

Изображение слайда
8

Слайд 8

Изображение слайда
9

Слайд 9

Изображение слайда
10

Слайд 10

Изображение слайда
11

Слайд 11

Изображение слайда
12

Слайд 12

Изображение слайда
13

Слайд 13

Изображение слайда
14

Слайд 14

Изображение слайда
15

Слайд 15

Изображение слайда
16

Слайд 16

Изображение слайда
17

Слайд 17

Изображение слайда
18

Слайд 18

Изображение слайда
19

Слайд 19

Изображение слайда
20

Слайд 20

Изображение слайда
21

Слайд 21

Изображение слайда
22

Слайд 22

Homonyms (from Gr. “homos” means “the same”, “ omona ” means “name”) are the words, different in meaning and either identical both in sound and spelling or identical only in spelling or sound. The most widely accepted classification of them is following: 1. Homonyms proper (or perfect homonyms) 2. Homophones 3. Homographs

Изображение слайда
23

Слайд 23

1. Homonyms proper are words identical in pronunciation and spelling: a) “Ball” as a round object used in game, “ball” as a gathering of people for dancing; b) “Bark” v to utter sharp explosive cries; “bark” n is a noise made by dog or a sailing ship, etc. b) “Bay” v is to bark; “bay” n is a part of the sea or the lake filling wide mouth opening of the land, or the European laurel[1], or гнедая лошадь. You should remember, that homonyms are distinct words – not different meanings within one word.

Изображение слайда
24

Слайд 24: 3. Homographs are words different in sound and in meaning but accidentally identical in spelling: Bow [ bou ] – лук / [ bau ] – поклон или нос корабля Lead [ li:d ] – вести / [ led] – свинец Row [ rou ] – грести или ряд / [ rau ] – шум, скандал Sever [ sov ] – шея / [ sjuv ] – сточная труба Tear [t ε e] – рвать / [ ti ] – слеза

2. Homophones are words of the same sound, but of different meaning, for example: “Air” – “heir”, “arms” – “alms”, “bye” – “buy” – “by”, “him” – “hymn”, “knight” – “night”, “rain” – “reign”, “not” – “knot”, “or” – “ore” – “oar”, “piece” – “peace”, “scent” – “cent”, “steal” – “steel” – “still”, “write” – “right”, “sea” – “see”, “son” – “sun”.

Изображение слайда
25

Слайд 25

Polysemy is the existence of several meanings for a single word or phrase. The word polysemy comes from the Greek words poly-, “many” and sêma, “sign”. In other words it is the capacity for a word, phrase, or sign to have multiple meanings i.e., a large semantic field. Polysemy is a pivotal concept within the humanities, such as media studies and linguistics. This word calls the process of plurality of meaning. Polysemy exist only in the language, not in speech. In different context we can observe cases of indentical or different meanings.

Изображение слайда
26

Слайд 26

Изображение слайда
27

Слайд 27

Изображение слайда
28

Слайд 28

Изображение слайда
29

Слайд 29

Изображение слайда
30

Слайд 30

Изображение слайда
31

Слайд 31

Изображение слайда
32

Слайд 32

Изображение слайда
33

Последний слайд презентации: Semantic structure of words

Изображение слайда