The word “uniform” means “having the same form”. So a school uniform means that every child in the school wears the same clothes. In some countries school uniform is normal and most schools have one. In other countries, particularly in continental Europe, the USA and Canada, uniform is worn mostly in private schools.
Having a school uniform gives you a school identity. It means that you belong to that particular school. You don’t have to worry about what to wear on a school day. The clothes are usually practical and comfortable to wear. Uniforms can be handed down to other children in the family. With a uniform you don't need many casual clothes. It reduces class differences because everyone has to wear the same. Uniform is usually cheaper than everyday dress. Wearing a uniform helps to prepare students for the world of work, where uniforms are often worn. Schools with uniforms have better educational results. This is because there is better discipline. G ood things about school uniform
B ad things about school uniform Uniform is often not practical or pleasant to wear. Designs are often old-fashioned and ugly. Forcing children to wear uniform can ignore their religious and cultural needs. Wearing a school uniform is not good preparation for working. Only a few jobs require uniforms, and many of these are low-paid service jobs. Skirts or formal trousers are not good for doing sport or running around at lunchtime or breaks. Some uniforms are a bit too casual and can look not very neat. They can be very expensive. You can get fed up of wearing the same old, same old every day. You get into trouble if you don't wear uniform.
School uniform in Britain Pupils at most secondary schools in Britain have to wear a school uniform. This usually means a white blouse for girls with a dark- coloured skirt and pullover.
Boys wear shirts and ties, dark trousers and dark- coloured pullovers or blazers.
In some schools p upils also wear blazers with the school badge on the pocket. They often have to wear some kind of hat on the way to and from school – caps for boys and berets for girls. Shoes are usually black or brown. And no high heels.
Слайд 9: School uniform in the USA
During the 1990s state schools in the USA began to introduce uniforms due to the claims that wearing uniform leads to better discipline and educational results. Both the Clinton and Bush administrations have been in favour of school uniforms.
Today, most schools require girls to wear skirts, others allow girls the choice of skirts or culottes and trousers.
Some schools have unisex uniforms—a shirt, a sweater or blazer and sometimes trousers of a given colour.
Boys typically wear a collared shirt, tie, and trousers of required colours, although polo shirts are also permitted.
Слайд 13: Uniforms may vary according to the time of year. At At many schools, students wear lighter uniform clothing during the hotter months of the school year. However, at some schools students have to wear long sleeved shirts, ties, wool sweaters, blazers, wool skirts or jumpers, and knee socks or tights in any season and weather
In Russia, school uniforms were cancelled after 1917 revolution, but were re-introduced in 1948. Wearing uniform was made obligatory and pupils were punished for not following the rules.
The style of Soviet school uniform was modernized in 1962. and since that time was modified each decade. Boys generally wore dark blue trousers and jackets, girls — brown dresses with black aprons and black bows (on special occasions, white aprons and bows were worn).
The members of the Young Pioneer organization, wore famous red neckties and badges. Badges were also worn by October children and Komsomol members.
In 1992, compulsory school uniforms were cancelled. Today, there is no unified standard uniform in Russia, however, many gymnasiums and lyceums, especially prestigious ones, as well as certain schools may have their own uniform that students are required to wear. Educational institutions without a uniform may also have a certain dress-code.
There is also modern-day tradition for girls to dress into brown Soviet-style school uniform for their graduation ceremony.
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http://www.cyh.com/HealthTopics/HealthTopicDetailsKids.aspx?p=335&np=286&id=2485 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catholic_school_uniform http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/School_uniform Использованные материалы : http://www.idebate.org/debatabase/topic_details.php?topicID=497 http://otherreferats.allbest.ru/languages/00000545_0.html Составлено на основе презентации Бушуевой М. г. Старый Оскол Школа №40 http://www.rusedu.ru/detail_7685.html