The American Constitution is based on the doctrine of the separation of powers between the executive, legislative, and judiciary. The respective government institutions — the Presidency, Congress, and the Courts — were given limited and specific powers; and a series of checks and balances, whereby each branch of government has certain authority over the others, were also included to make sure these powers were not abused.
The document is about 225 years old, and it has only been amended 17 times. This is extraordinary because it means the original document was put together excellently and needed little changing. There are actually a total of 27 amendments, but the first 10 are the Bill of Rights and do not actually change the constitution themselves; they were added the same time the constitution was written for a compromise between arguing writers of the constitution.
James Madison is considered to be the Father of the US Constitution. However, there were around 55 people, including Thomas Jefferson and John Adams, who helped Madison with the task of authoring and compiling. These people were known as the Founding Fathers of the US Constitution.
The Constitution was written in Pennsylvania State House, now known as the Independence Hall. Initially, the United States consisted of only 13 state, out of which only 12 states participated in the writing. The Constitution was signed on September 17, 1787. In 1788, it was ratified by nine of the thirteen states. In 1790, Rhode Island was the last state to ratify the document
Do you know that it took 100 days to frame the Constitution? At the time of the Convention, the population of America was only four million, and currently it is more than three hundred and seventy million.
The structure of the American Constitution has an introduction called the Preamble. The contents are divided into seven parts known as the Articles. The first Article gives power to the House of Representative and the Senate to make and introduce laws
The list of rights was added in 1791, and the first ten amendments are known as the The Bill of Rights. As of today, more than eleven thousand amendments have been introduced in the House of Representatives. Around thirty-three were sent to the states for ratification and twenty-seven were approved by the states to be considered as the amendments.
You would be surprised to know that the Constitution of America did not give women the right to vote until 1920. According to it, only men were allowed to cast the vote. Initially, the African Americans were not considered as the American citizens, hence they were denied the right to vote and the Native Americans were given the rights only in 1924.
Today, the original Constitution of America is exhibited at the National Archives in Washington D.C
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