Слайд 2: Present Participle
To replace a time clause ( When, whilw, after, etc.+ subject + verb ) Looking through the things in my drawers, I came across some old photographs. (= While I was looking …) To replace a clause of reason ( because, as, since, + subject + verb ). Feeling extremely tired, I decided to restunder a tree. (= Because I felt …) To replace arelativeclause in the Active voice. The girl talking to Jim is my sister. (= … who is talking …)
Слайд 3: Past participle
Instead of a subject + verb in the Passive voiced Shocked by tragedy, they didn’t know what to say. (= They were shocked by the tragedy and didn’t know waht to say ). To replace a relative clause inthe Passive voice. Clothes made in France and Italy are very elegant. (= Clothes which are made …) To replace If – clause in a conditionla sentence containing P assive voice Stored in the fridge, th pudding will keep for up to one week. (= If it is stored in the fridge …)
Слайд 4: Perfect Participle Is used for an action that happened before another one
Active voiced : Having + past particple Having finished studying, Ted went out Passive voice : Having been + past participle Having been damaged in the theaccident, the car wouldn’t start.
Слайд 5: Negative Participles
To form the negative of participles,we add not before theparticiple Not wanting to miss the bus, they ran to bus stop.
Последний слайд презентации: Participle Clauses
Sue was lying in the sun. She got sunburned. 2. John has just retired. He is now able to spend more time gardening. 3. Children do not have the maturity to make every choice themselves. A parent or guardian is need to make decisions on their behalf. 4. They were surprised by a sudden storm and had to seek shelter under a tree.