Слайд 2: History of USAID
On November 3, 1961, President John F. Kennedy signed the Foreign Assistance Act reorganizing the structure of U.S. foreign assistance programs. By executive order, he created a new agency, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID ). The modern-day concept of international development assistance took shape after World War II ended in 1945.
George C. Marshall, the Secretary of State from 1947 to 1949 provided significant financial and technical assistance to Europe after the war. USAID was subsequently established by the executive order of President John F. Kennedy, who sought to unite several existing foreign assistance organizations and programs under one agency. USAID became the first U.S. foreign assistance organization whose primary focus was long-term socioeconomic development.
Слайд 4: Goals of USAID
Disaster relief Poverty relief Technical cooperation on global issues, including the environment U.S. bilateral interests Socioeconomic development
Слайд 6: USAID finance
Most funding for USAID is appropriated through the Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations bill. The notable exception is funding for international food aid under the Food for Peace program, also known as P.L. 480, which is funded through Agriculture appropriations legislation.
The cost of supplying USAID's assistance includes the agency's "Operating Expenses," $1.35 billion in fiscal year 2012, and "Bilateral Economic Assistance" program costs, $20.83 billion in fiscal year 2012 (the vast bulk of which was administered by USAID).
Слайд 8: USAID ACHIVMENT
Provided food assistance to more than 53 million people in 47 countries in crisis in 2016. Responded to 52 crises in 52 countries and deployed a record-breaking 6 simultaneous Disaster Assistance Response Teams in 2016 providing life-saving assistance to tens of millions of people including those enduring the Ebola outbreak, an earthquake in Ecuador, and conflict in Syria.
Reached more than five million survivors of gender-based violence with services including medical care, counselling, legal help, and other support since 2012. Saved the lives of 4.6 million children and 200,000 women since 2009. Helped 9.5 million people attain life-saving AIDS treatments, in collaboration with inter-agency partners through the President’s Eme.rgency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) in 2015. Saved 6 million lives through the President’s Malaysia Initiative since 2007.
Слайд 10: USAID RELATION WITH INDIA
USAID partners with the Indian Government and the private sector to eliminate preventable child and maternal deaths, create an AIDS- and TB-free generation and achieve universal health coverage. USAID is improving health by advancing access to safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in India's growing cities.