Первый слайд презентации: Most Frequent Affixes (Prefixes and Suffixes)
Word Beginnings and Endings You Can Really Use in Reading Text
Слайд 2: Root Word
A root word is a word in its simplest form. A root word has nothing added to it. Examples: Do Read Heat Pack Write Use
Слайд 3: Affixes
Affixes : word part added to the root word Divided in two form : Prefix Suffix
Слайд 5: Why Learn Prefixes?
Prefixes add meaning to thousands of words. Learn a few prefixes, and you open up the meaning of thousands of words. The four most frequent prefixes are 97 % of prefixed words!
Слайд 6: What Are Prefixes?
Prefixes are syllables that is added to the beginning of a root word Prefixes combine with words to create new meanings. Pre + View = Preview (first look) Super + Star = Superstar (top player)
Слайд 7: Most Common Prefixes
Anti = against : anti-war, anticlimax De = opposite : depart, deactivate Dis = not/ opposite of: disagree, discard En(m) = cause to : encode, empower Fore = before : forecast In(m) = in : intake, implant Inter = between: interact, interchange
Слайд 8: Do you know common prefixes?
Anti De Dis* En(m) Fore In(m) Inter A. between B. cause to C. against D. in/ not E. before F. not G. opposite
Слайд 9: Most Common Prefixes
Mid = Middle : Midway, midnight Mis = Wrongly : Mistake, misuse Non* = Not : Nonsense, nontoxic Over = Over : Overlook, overload Pre = Before : Preview, pretest Re = Again : Return, recall Semi = Half : Semicircle, semifowler
Слайд 10: Do you know common prefixes?
Mid Mis Non Over 12. Pre 13. Re 14. Semi Wrong Center Not Half Again Above Before
Слайд 11: Most Common Prefixes
15. Sub = Under : Submarine, subway 16. Super = Above: Superstar 17. Trans = Across : Transport, transform 18. Un* = Not : Unfriendly, unlike 19. Under = Under : Undersea 20. In, Im, Il, Ir * = Not : Injustice, Impossible, Illiterate, Irreligious, irrational
Слайд 12: Do you know common prefixes?
15. Sub 16. Super 17. Trans 18. Un 19. Under 20. In, Im, Il, Ir Across Not Below Not Above Below
Слайд 14: What Are Suffixes?
Suffixes are syllables that is added to the end of a root word Suffixes combine with words to create new meanings. Turn + ed = Turned (in the past) Quick + ly = Quickly (how it turned)
Слайд 15: Why Learn Suffixes?
Suffixes add meaning to thousands of words. Learn a few Suffixes, and you open up the meaning of thousands of words. The four most frequent suffixes are 97 % of suffixed words!
Слайд 16: Kind of Suffixes
Inflectional Suffixes - added to Noun plural and possession form e.g. : drug s, tablet s, John ’s, Nurse s ’ - added to Verb tenses e.g. : operat es, clean s, operat ed, clean ed - added to Adjective degree of comparison e.g. : young er, young est, old er, old est
Слайд 17: Kind of Suffixes
Derivational Suffixes Noun Adjective Verb Adverb _ ance _ ancy _ ation _ ian _ism _ ist _ ment _ ness _ship _or _ er _able _ ible _al _ ful _ ish _ ive _ ous _en _ ify _ ize _ ly _ward _wise
Слайд 18: Most Common Suffixes
-able, ible = can be done : doable, makeable -al, ial = has property of : personal, global -ed* = past verb : turned, played -en = made of : golden, wooden -er = comparative : higher, faster -er = one who : doer, actor, dancer -est = superlative : best, biggest, fastest
Слайд 19: Do you know common suffixes?
-able -al -ed -en -er -er -est Past Made of Having One who Comparative Can Superlative
Слайд 20: Most Common Suffixes
8. –ful = full of : careful, joyful 9. –ic = having property of : linguistic 10. –ing* = present participle : running 11. –(t)ion = act, process : mediation 12. –(i)ty = state of : infinity, sanity 13. –(t)ive = adjective : massive, conclusive 14. –less = without : fearless, careless
Слайд 21: Do you know common suffixes?
8. –ful 9. –ic 10. –ing* 11. –(t)ion 12. –(i)ty 13. –(t)ive 14. –less Present participle State of Without Having property of Full of Act Adjective
Слайд 22: Most Common Suffixes
15. –ly* = having : quickly, quietly 16. –ment = action, process : enjoyment, treatment 17. –ness = state of : kindness 18. –ous = having : joyous, religious 19. –s* = more than one : books 20. –y = having : snowy, windy Use these suffixes correctly, and you look and sound pretty smart.
Слайд 23: Do you know common suffixes?
15. –ly* 16. –ment 17. –ness 18. –ous 19. –s* 20. –y Action/ process Having Having Plural State of Having