Geographic coordinates Moscow is located at 55 45 N and 37 37 E of the Greenwich meridian in the middle of the East European Plain. The area lies at a height of 30-35 meters above the Moscow R iver and about 150 meters above sea level.
Population More than 10 million people are living in Moscow. Among them there are representatives of about one hundred nations and ethnic groups. Russians are the largest ethnic group in Moscow.
Religion Orthodox Christianity is a predominant religion in Moscow. The city also has communities of Protestants, Roman Catholics, Jews and Muslims.
Government Moscow is governed by a mayor, who is popularly elected for a four-year term, and by a 35-member Duma (assembly).Moscow consists of 10 administrative regions, which are subdivided into 128 districts. Area codes : 495
Time Moscow Standard Time — MST differs from Greenwich Mean Time - GMT : summer MST = GMT+4 hours winter MST=GMT+3 hours
Climate The climate in Moscow is temperate continental. It is mainly characterized by hot summers and very cold winters. The cold period starts in October and ends in April. Snow falls in November and stays till March. There may be long frosts or periods of thaw. The mild weather comes in June and stays till September.
Foundation The date of Moscow's founding is generally accepted to be April 4, 1147, when the first record of Moscow appears in the Russian Chronicles. Moscow's history starts from a wooden fortress, which was built by order of Prince Yuri Dolgoruky on a hill at the confluence of the Moskva and the Neglinnaya rivers. It is often said that Moscow is the third Rome, because the main part of the city, according to the legend, was built on seven hills.
Symbol The official symbol of Moscow is a dark-red shield, where an ancient Old-Russian subject is depicted: St. George fighting down the Serpent
The Moscow Kremlin The Kremlin is an ancient fortress, and a storehouse of beautiful museums and churches, and the residence of the President of the Russian Federation, and even a cemetery - in Soviet times, the highest party leaders were buried in the Kremlin wall.
State Historical Museum Separate rooms are dedicated to the largest wars, the development of Siberia, the life of Russia during the time of the empire.
Bolshoi Theatre The theatre can be considered an excellent indicator of the life of Russia - from the moment of its foundation, it burned more than once, was restored, was at the zenith of fame, then it was on fire and rebuilt again.
National Flag There is a version according to which these colors mean the unity of power, people and the Orthodox faith. Since 1994, August 22, Russia has celebrated the State Flag Day. It is dedicated to the return of the tricolor after the August 1991 coup.
National Anthem The music and the basis of the text were borrowed from the anthem of the Soviet Union, the melody of which was written by Alexander Alexandrov to the verses of Sergei Mikhalkov and Gabriel El- Registan.
National Emblem It is an interconnected system of images and colors, which carries the idea of the integrity of the state and is inextricably linked with its history, traditions and mentality.
This badge of state distinction is a red heraldic shield, in the middle of which is a Golden double-headed eagle. In the left clawed paw, the bird holds a power, and in the right-a scepter. Since antiquity, the eagle was considered a solar symbol associated with the spiritual principle, liberation from bonds. This element of the coat of arms of Russia means courage, pride, desire for victory, Royal origin and greatness of the country. The three crowns represent the brotherhood of Ukraine, Belarus and Russia.
U nited K ingdom Quiz 1. What is the full name of the United Kingdom? The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2. What is the name of the capital of Great Britain? Capital of the United K ingdom L ondon 3. What does the straight red cross in the center mean on the flag? This is the cross of St. George, a symbol of England 4. What is the oldest name for the United Kingdom? The Foggy Albion 5. What dish is prepared from a large whole piece of beef with salt and pepper? Roast beef
Superstition Foreign expressions Russian expressions If a black cat crosses your path, you will have good luck Black cat crossed the road - wait for trouble If you scratch your left hand, you will give money away. If the left hand or palm itches, it is likely to lead to money or future profits If you see a small spider, you will get a lot of money Were afraid to see a spider in the evening-expect bad news If you mend your clothes on your back, you will leave much money to lack A crow flew into the house and cawed -a bad sign foretelling death in the family.
Advantages and disadvantages of living in a city Advantage Disadvantage Measure Educations A large number of higher education institutions. Very few budget places. You need to study well. Profession Various professions are in demand for every taste. Anyone can take your position if you fail. You should be responsible and make quick decisions. Developed city 1. Large and beautiful buildings. 2. You can realize yourself. Bad ecology. Little time. 1. You need to throw out the trash. 2. You need to plan your day clearly.