Слайд 2: General information
Modal verbs: must can could may might should shall would will ought to Ability/ lack of ability/ possibility Can/can’t/could/ couldn’t She can speak 4 languages Possibility (present or future ) May/might He might be in his office, I’ll check obligation Must/ should/ought to We should change some currency prohibition Mustn’t/ can’t/shouldn’t You can’t cross the road here speculation Can’t/ could/must/may/might Sandra must be in the school, her bag’s in the class Predi с tions / decisions at the moment of speech Will/won’t You exams won’t be easy as I see
Слайд 3: Ability I (present and past)
Can Be able to Ability to do something Surprising or involves to overcome some difficulty (often). Despite his handicap ha is able to drive a car Is used with passive Are not usually used with passive. This book can be used by beginners! There is no future ability Where can/could grammatically impossible. We love being able to converse with the local people. Future ability. I will be able to speak fluently by the end of the course Future arrangements. The doctor can’t see you before six as he’s busy till then Future arrangements. The doctor won’t be able to see you before six as he’s busy till then
Слайд 4: Ability I (present and past)
To emphasis difficulty or to suggest effort, we use manage to/succeed in + ing. Do you think she will manage to get a visa? If the future arrangement is less certain we use could, may or might +be able to. The dentist might be able to see you late today; I’ll have to check my diary.
Слайд 5: Ability II (past)
could Was/were be able to Past ability. She could swim before she could walk Specific occasion in the affirmative. Mike’s car broke down yesterday but fortunately he was able to repair it. Used in questions, superlatives, and in sentences with limiting adverbs such as only or hardly. Sorry, but that is the cheapest hotel I could find. Used in questions, superlatives, and in sentences with limiting adverbs such as only or hardly. She was so exhausted she was hardly able to speak Lack of ability Lack of ability
Слайд 6: Ability II (past)
Could have +P II to describe the past ability which wasn’t used or past opportunity which wasn’t taken. She could have paid by credit card but she preferred to use cash. Couldn’t have been+ comparative adj to emphasise a past action or feeling. I couldn’t have been more pleased when I heard your result.
Слайд 7: Possibility Present
can – when we talk about things which are generally possible. May - academic or scientific English. Healthy insurance can be very expensive. Over-prescribing of antibiotics may lead to the rapid development of resistant strains. May/might/could – specific possibility. This rash could be a symptom of something more serious. May well/might well/ could well – to talk about a strong possibility. Don’t worry! The payment may well be in the post.
Слайд 8: Possibility Present
Could/might – possibility which depends on certain condition. She could learn much more quickly if she paid attention. POSSIBLY NOT – may not/might not DEFINITLY NOT – can’t.
Слайд 9: Possibility (future)
Will/won’t be able to – talk about future possibility or impossibility. We’ll be able to get a coffee at the theatre but we won’t be able to eat until after the show. May/might/could – talk about future actions which are less certain (perhaps) Could – for possibility weaker than may/might. Couldn’t – is not used to say something is definitely impossible (present \future). May/might have+P II – possible completed action by the time in the future. Call me tomorrow. I might have finished the project by then.
Последний слайд презентации: Modal Verbs: Possibility Past
Could – general possibility in the past (things which sometimes happen). Teachers could be very strict at my old school. Might – in Academic or scientific English. Could/Might + have PII – talk about specific past possibility. She might have done it. She had an opportunity and a motive. Might have – for past opportunity which we know was not taken. I might have gone to the drama school, but I chose history instead.