Первый слайд презентации: Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education SEVASTOPOL STATE UNIVERSITY Institute of Nuclear Energy and Industry Department of Radioecology and Environmental Safety
Ecologist is the most wonderful profession. Completed by 1 year student groups ЭП / м -19-1- о Kulik K.A. Checked: Rudenko Natalya Sergeevna Sevastopol 2020 Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education SEVASTOPOL STATE UNIVERSITY Institute of Nuclear Energy and Industry Department of Radioecology and Environmental Safety
In connection with the increasing impact on the nature of anthropogenic processes, a science has formed - ecology, which studies the relationship of man and the communities of plant, animal organisms with the environment. The environmental sphere includes problems: - rational nature management. - practical ways to protect the environment from the negative effects of human activity. The ecological crisis is a persistent imbalance between society and nature, consisting in the degradation of the natural environment and the inability of state structures to take appropriate measures in order to solve the problem and restore the state of a favorable environment.
An ecologist is a specialist who studies natural processes and the relationships between them. Scientific ecology is closely related to chemistry and biology. The ecologist has several options for the direction of activity: scientific, expert, design and production and pedagogical. The demand for the profession has been growing recently in connection with an increasingly serious attitude to environmental problems and environmental protection. Environmentalists perform a very important task - they study and evaluate the state of the environment and its change under the influence of industrial production.
In particular, the ecologist is studying the level of pollution of water and air and developing ways to reduce and control it. The range of duties includes the development of permissive documentation for various enterprises and institutions whose activities are related to the environmental impact, on the basis of which enterprises receive permits for atmospheric emissions, wastewater discharges and waste disposal. The main places of work of ecologists: * Research laboratories; * Environmental structures at the enterprise; * State structures, bodies of control and supervision; * Environmental organizations; * Construction companies; * Plants and factories.
In Russia there are a number of state bodies where an environmental specialist is required. It could be: * Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology * Rostekhnadzor / Rosprirodnadzor, * Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Monitoring * Ministry of Agriculture / Forestry and Natural Resources / Water / Subsurface / Fisheries * Industry Competency Bodies And many other government bodies are interconnected with ecology and nature management. The profession is an ecologist, it will come in handy at state levels)
Necessary professional skills and knowledge for the ecologist: - the ability to understand environmental laws, norms and rules; - knowledge of physics, chemistry, biology, processes occurring in the environment; - have an idea about the procedure for assessing environmental impact; - know the methods of environmental monitoring; - have computer simulation skills; - understand foreign and domestic experience in the field of environmental protection; - prepare reports and documentation on environmental protection; -and much more that is learned in practice
The environmental problem is one of the most pressing in our time. All over the world, people strive to minimize environmental pollution. To solve these issues, an environmental specialist was created, however, the sphere of influence does not fully capture the entire field of human activity. An ecologist is a profession of the future when the global nature of the impact of industrialization and urbanization on the biological productivity of the planet will require not only environmental protection measures, but also a scientific, theoretical understanding of the causes of environmental impact, and scientifically sound recommendations for its protection and rational use...