Первый слайд презентации: Medical academy named after s.i.georgievsky
Topic:theory of phylembryogenesis presented by: vengatesan vasanthan 195A SCENTIFIC LEADER: SVETLANA SMIRNOVA
Слайд 2: CONTENTS
influence of biological factors. Disease agents, their pathways of penetration and impact on the human body. Classification of infectious diseases. of disease. Works E.N. Pavlovsky. Geographical regularities of spreading of natural-focal diseases. Landscape science as a basis. landscape endemiology. Dynamics of natural foci of infectious and viral diseases. of invasive diseases as a result of anthropogenic landscape changes. Poisons and allergens of plant and animal origin, their effect on the human body.
Слайд 3: Theory of phylembryogensis
A theory put forth by Russian palaeontologist Severtsov, postulating that phylogenetic changes in organisms are conditioned by ontogenetic alterations, in that certain events are added, modified or deleted in the development of an embryo based on the events of ancestral development.
Influence of biological factor in earlGrowth factors play key roles in influencing cell fate and behaviour during development.... it its distinctive polarity has been a major focus in lens developmental biology.... IGF, PDGF and EGF, also potentiated the effects of a low dose of FGF by... new insights into cell determination y development.
Classification of infective disease The agents of infection can be divided into different groups on the basis of their size, biochemical characteristics, or manner in which they interact with the human host. The groups of organisms that cause infectious diseases are categorized as bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites.
Pathway of penetration The human body presents three large epithelial surfaces to the environment—the skin, the respiratory mucosa, and the alimentary tract, and two lesser surfaces—the genital tract and the conjunctiva
E.N. Pavlovsky WORKS HE Introduced the concept of natural nidality of human diseases, defined by the idea that microscale disease foci are determined by the entire ecosystem. This concept laid the foundation for the elaboration of a number of preventive measures and promoted the development of the environmental trend in parasitology (together with the works of parasitologist Valentin Dogel ). Yevgeny Pavlovsky researched host organism as a habitat for parasites ( parasitocenosis ), numerous matters of regional and landscape parasitology, life cycles of a number of parasites, pathogenesis of helminth infection. Pavlovsky and his fellow scientists researched the fauna of flying blood-sucking insects ( gnat ) and methods of controlling them and venomous animals and characteristics of their venom.
NATURAL FORCE DISEASEA number of environmental factors influence the spread of communicable diseases that are prone to cause epidemics. The most important of these are: water supply sanitation facilities food climate. A lack of safe water, inadequate excreta disposal facilities, poor hygiene, poor living conditions and unsafe food can all cause diarrhoeal diseases. These diseases are a major cause of suffering and death in an emergency situation. Climate can affect disease transmission in a variety of ways. The distribution and population size of disease vectors can be heavily affected by local climate. Flooding after heavy rains can result in sewage overflow and widespread water contamination. In addition, there is some evidence to suggest that pathogens can be spread from one region to another along air streams or by wind
The basis of landscape science it is the theory that the geographic landscape is the primary element in the physicogeo -graphical differentiation of the earth.... Elementary geographic complexes are studied as parts of related, regularly structured territorial systems ( landscapes ).
Dynamics of infectious and viral diseses The dynamics of any infectious disease are heavily dependent on the rate of transmission from infectious to susceptible hosts. In many disease models, this rate is captured in a single compound parameter, the probability of transmission β. However, closer examination reveals how β can be further decomposed into a number of biologically relevant variables, including contact rates among individuals and the probability that contact events actually result in disease transmission. We start by introducing some of the basic concepts underlying the different approaches to modeling disease transmission and by laying out why a more detailed understanding of the variables involved is usually desirable. We then describe how parameter estimates of these variables can be derived from empirical data, drawing primarily from the existing literature on human diseases. Finally, we discuss how these concepts and approaches may be applied to the study of pathogen transmission in wildlife diseases. In particular, we highlight recent technical innovations that could help to overcome some the logistical challenges commonly associated with empirical disease research in wild populations.
Слайд 18: invasive disease result of antropogenesis changes
Invasive species are a major threat to the livelihoods of the people who live in the areas they colonize. Through disrupting ecosystems, invasive plants, insects and diseases impair many of the things humans need to sustain a good quality of life – including food and shelter, health, security and social interaction
Слайд 20: poison and allergen opf plant and animl orgin and their effect on human body
The following classification, which is based on their toxic effects, has been... photosensitization, and (4) plants that produce airborne allergies (see Table 6).... death; responsible for many human fatalities; leaves most toxic when plant is flowering... may also cause an eczematous dermatitis of the exposed parts of the body ...