Слайд 2: Contents
Introduction Birth Objectives European Union Policies Economic and monetary union Social protocol Citizenship Post-Maastricht
Слайд 3: Introduction
The Treaty on European Union represents a new stage in European integration since it opens the way to political integration. It creates a European Union consisting of three pillars : the European Communities, Common Foreign and Security Policy and police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters.
Слайд 4: Birth
The Treaty on European Union, signed in Maastricht on 7 February 1992, entered into force on 1 November 1993. The Treaty brought the European Union into being and, despite other smaller attempts such as European Political Cooperation it was the first major step beyond the economics of the EEC and into the political realm.
Слайд 6: European Union
The Maastricht Treaty creates the European Union, which consists of three pillars : the European Communities, common foreign and security policy and police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters. The first pillar consists of the Europea n Community, the European Coal and Steel Community ( ECSC) and Euratom and concerns the domains in which the Member States share their sovereignty via the Community institutions. The second pillar establishes common foreign and security policy (CFSP ). The third pillar concerns cooperation in the field of justice and home affairs (JHA ).
Слайд 8: Economic and monetary union
The Treaty provides for the establishment of a single currency in three successive stages : T he first stage, which liberalises the movement of capital, began on 1 January 1990; T he second stage began on 1 January 1994 and provides for convergence of the Member States ' economic policies ; T he third stage beg a n on 1 January 1999 with the creation of a single currency and the establishment of a Central European Bank (CEB).
Слайд 10: Citizenship
N ew rights for European s the right to circulate and reside freely in the Community ; the right to vote and to stand as a candidate for European and municipal elections in the State in which he or she resides ; the right to protection by the diplomatic or consular authorities of a Member State other than the citizen's Member State of origin on the territory of a third country in which the state of origin is not represented ; the right to petition the European Parliament and to submit a complaint to the Ombudsman.
Слайд 11: Post-Maastricht
The Maastricht Treaty represents a key stage in European construction. By establishing the European Union, by creating an economic and monetary union and by extending European integration to new areas, the Community has acquired a political dimension.
Слайд 12: Sources
http:// europa.eu/legislation_summaries/institutional_affairs/treaties/treaties_maastricht_en.htm http ://hum.port.ac.uk/europeanstudieshub/learning/understandingtheeu/module-5-history-of-the-european-union/maastricht / http ://global-security-news.com/2012/02/21/maastricht-treaty-anniversary-demise-of-greece-anti-german-feeling-crisis-solution/