Презентация на тему: Lexicology as a Branch of Linguistics

Lexicology as a Branch of Linguistics
Lexicology as a Branch of Linguistics
I. Lexicology: central terms
II. Parts and Areas of Lexicology
Modern English Lexicology studies:
III. Two Approaches To Language Study
IV. Lexical Units
V. Varieties of Words
Variants of Words
Conclusion
Lexicology as a Branch of Linguistics
Lexicology as a Branch of Linguistics
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Первый слайд презентации: Lexicology as a Branch of Linguistics

LECTURE 1

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Слайд 2: Lexicology as a Branch of Linguistics

Lexicology: central terms Parts and areas of lexicology Two approaches to language study Lexical units Varieties of words

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Слайд 3: I. Lexicology: central terms

Lexicology Word Vocabulary

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Слайд 4: II. Parts and Areas of Lexicology

Parts of Lexicology: a) General Lexicology ; b) Special Lexicology. Areas of Lexicology: a) Historical Lexicology ; b) Descriptive Lexicology ; c) Comparative Lexicology ; d) Contrastive Lexicology ; e) Combinatorial Lexicology; f) Applied Lexicology.

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Слайд 5: Modern English Lexicology studies:

Semasiology Word-Structure Word-Formation Etymology of the English Word-Stock Word-groups and Phraseological Units Variants of The English Language Lexicography

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Слайд 6: III. Two Approaches To Language Study

The synchronic (descriptive) approach is concerned with the vocabulary of a language as it exists at a given time or at the present time. The diachronic (historical) approach refers to Historical Lexicology that deals with the evolution of the vocabulary units of a language over time.

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Слайд 7: IV. Lexical Units

Morphemes; Words; Word-groups; Phraseological units.

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Слайд 8: V. Varieties of Words

The word is a two-facet unit possessing both form and conten t or soundform and meaning. Neither can exist without the other. Paradigm - the system showing a word in all its word-forms. Word-forms – grammatical forms of words. Lexico-semantic variant – the word in one of its meanings.

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Слайд 9: Variants of Words

Group 1: Lexico-semantic variants : to learn by heart, to learn about smth. Group2: a) phonetic variants : often [‘ O:Sn ] and [‘ O:Stn ]; b) morphological variants: learned [-d] and learnt [-t].

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Слайд 10: Conclusion

The most essential feature of variants of words of both groups is that a slight change in the morphemic or phonemic composition of a word is not connected with any modification of its meaning.

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Слайд 11

A change in meaning is not followed by any structural changes, either morphemic or phonetic. Like word-forms variants of words are identified in the process of communication as making up one and the same word.

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Последний слайд презентации: Lexicology as a Branch of Linguistics

Thus, within the language system the word exists as a system and unity of all its forms and variants

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