Слайд 2: Lexicology as a Branch of Linguistics
Lexicology: central terms Parts and areas of lexicology Two approaches to language study Lexical units Varieties of words
Слайд 4: II. Parts and Areas of Lexicology
Parts of Lexicology: a) General Lexicology ; b) Special Lexicology. Areas of Lexicology: a) Historical Lexicology ; b) Descriptive Lexicology ; c) Comparative Lexicology ; d) Contrastive Lexicology ; e) Combinatorial Lexicology; f) Applied Lexicology.
Слайд 5: Modern English Lexicology studies:
Semasiology Word-Structure Word-Formation Etymology of the English Word-Stock Word-groups and Phraseological Units Variants of The English Language Lexicography
Слайд 6: III. Two Approaches To Language Study
The synchronic (descriptive) approach is concerned with the vocabulary of a language as it exists at a given time or at the present time. The diachronic (historical) approach refers to Historical Lexicology that deals with the evolution of the vocabulary units of a language over time.
Слайд 7: IV. Lexical Units
Morphemes; Words; Word-groups; Phraseological units.
Слайд 8: V. Varieties of Words
The word is a two-facet unit possessing both form and conten t or soundform and meaning. Neither can exist without the other. Paradigm - the system showing a word in all its word-forms. Word-forms – grammatical forms of words. Lexico-semantic variant – the word in one of its meanings.
Слайд 9: Variants of Words
Group 1: Lexico-semantic variants : to learn by heart, to learn about smth. Group2: a) phonetic variants : often [‘ O:Sn ] and [‘ O:Stn ]; b) morphological variants: learned [-d] and learnt [-t].
Слайд 10: Conclusion
The most essential feature of variants of words of both groups is that a slight change in the morphemic or phonemic composition of a word is not connected with any modification of its meaning.
A change in meaning is not followed by any structural changes, either morphemic or phonetic. Like word-forms variants of words are identified in the process of communication as making up one and the same word.