Презентация на тему: International Trade Law

International Trade Law
Defining Trade terms
Int’l Trade – Secondary Sources
Legal framework of int’l trade
WTO – An IGO?
WTO history
3 main principles of GATT/WTO
WTO: 6 components
Researching WTO law
WTO dispute resolution process
WTO dispute resolution process
Locating WTO dispute panel decisions
WTO site
Locating WTO decisions
Begin at the WTO website (http://www.wto.org) and then mouse over “Trade Topics”, mouse over “Dispute Settlement” and then select the “Dispute Settlement
Click on “Dispute Settlement” on the next page (with the globe) and then scroll down the page until you see the toolbar on the right-hand side that is titled
Locating WTO decisions
To use the WTO Analytical index, use the URL provided in the previous slide to access the Index. Decide which way you wish to use the Index—by the
Other sources for WTO research
WorldTradeLaw.net
International Trade Law
TradeLawGuide
International Trade Law
Exercise #2
Trade Agreements
NAFTA
Locating NAFTA Binational Panel decisions
Locate NAFTA dispute panel decisions from the main NAFTA page (URL provided in previous link) by looking under “Dispute Settlement – Decisions and Reports” or
Tariff schedules
Exercise #3
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Первый слайд презентации: International Trade Law

Выполнил: Сауытбек А., МП, 316 гр.

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Слайд 2: Defining Trade terms

Dictionary of International Trade REF K3943.B488 2008 INCO terms (published by the ICC) This publication is KEY if you are working on international sales of goods; we do not have the new 2010 edition, so get a sense of the types of terms used here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Incoterm SICE (OAS) Glossaries of Trade Terms http://www.sice.oas.org/Glossaries_e.asp

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Слайд 3: Int’l Trade – Secondary Sources

BNA’s International Trade Reporter BNA’s WTO Reporter Available through links found here: http://lawlib1.lawnet.fordham.edu/eresources/erlinks/trade.html WorldTradeLaw.net TradeLawGuide

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Слайд 4: Legal framework of int’l trade

Most countries members of WTO Many countries also have bilateral or regional trade agreements Trade agreements generally have dispute resolution mechanisms Trade obligations may affect/supplant national law

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Слайд 5: WTO – An IGO?

International legal status created by: Marrakesh Agreement Legislative body : Ministerial Conference which meets at least once every two years Dispute Settlement Body Executive body : WTO Secretariat, headed by a Director-General

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Слайд 6: WTO history

Began in 1995, built on GATT GATT began in 1947 GATT intended as tariff-cutting agreement. “Rounds” are series of negotiations intended to cut tariffs.

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Слайд 7: 3 main principles of GATT/WTO

convert all trade barriers to tariffs transparent easier to administer most-favored-nation (MFN) any favorable trade treatment must be given to all members national treatment imports treated equally with domestic

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Слайд 8: WTO: 6 components

trade in goods –1994 GATT agreement –all bound product standards –all bound GATS –trade in services—not all bound TRIPs –all bound plurilateral agreements (e.g., gov’t procurement) –some bound dispute resolution –all bound

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Слайд 9: Researching WTO law

Learned Handy on WTO and GATT law: http://lawlib1.lawnet.fordham.edu/research/gatt_wto.pdf NYU Guide to WTO/GATT: http://www.law.nyu.edu/library/ wtoguide.html treatises for background, concepts, details [use the research guides to locate key titles in our catalog]

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Слайд 10: WTO dispute resolution process

“request for consultations” = complaint panel appellate body (appeals routine) loser must bring itself into compliance if not, winner can retaliate

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Слайд 11: WTO dispute resolution process

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Слайд 12: Locating WTO dispute panel decisions

WTO website best place to find decisions Also available here: “Official ” source for decisions: Dispute Settlement Reports [K4600.A53 W67, lag time currently 3 years] Lexis [International law >Find Statutes, Regulations & Administrative materials & regulations >Regulations & Agency Decisions >Agency Decisions >GATT panel and World Trade Organization decisions, 1948-] Westlaw [WTO-DEC]

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Слайд 13: WTO site

The official WTO website contains: documents from 1995 use Stanford’s GATT site for GATT documents (pre-1995): http://gatt.stanford.edu/bin/search/simple treaties WTO Analytical Index — Guide to WTO Law and Practice (travaux and interpretation ) http://www.wto.org/english/res_e/booksp_e/analytic_index_e/analytic_index_e.htm reports, news, statistics

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Слайд 14: Locating WTO decisions

Can be found in full text on the WTO site in the “Dispute Resolution” section, but notoriously cumbersome and difficult to actually download full text documents Follow the directions in the following slides on how to get to the page

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Слайд 15: Begin at the WTO website (http://www.wto.org) and then mouse over “Trade Topics”, mouse over “Dispute Settlement” and then select the “Dispute Settlement Gateway”

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Слайд 16: Click on “Dispute Settlement” on the next page (with the globe) and then scroll down the page until you see the toolbar on the right-hand side that is titled “The Disputes”. Select the most appropriate way of locating the case you are looking for based on the info you have

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Слайд 17: Locating WTO decisions

If you want to find background information on the cases by Agreement or topic, try using the WTO Analytical Index to locate a relevant case using a subject search for the topic, or search the annotated agreements to find interpretative cases on almost every article of the main WTO agreements

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Слайд 18: To use the WTO Analytical index, use the URL provided in the previous slide to access the Index. Decide which way you wish to use the Index—by the Agreement/Article, or by subject

Could you possibly be looking for information regarding the interpretation of terms used in one of these Agreements? Or are you looking for cases/documents related to an item like bananas?

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Слайд 19: Other sources for WTO research

WorldTradeLaw.net Been around longer so interface is a bit dated; can be difficult to navigate Key resource: Dispute Settlement Commentaries TradeLawGuide Newer, more practitioner-oriented Key resource: citator for WTO decisions

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Слайд 20: WorldTradeLaw.net

http://www.worldtradelaw.net Secondary source that provides commentary and links to primary source WTO materials—often much easier to retrieve documents on this site than the WTO site Some free information, some you have to pay for Most useful product they produce are the Dispute Settlement Commentaries (DSC) DSCs summarize the findings of a WTO panel/appeal decision and then provide commentary on the implications of the decision

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Слайд 21

Locate DSCs here Free stuff Subscription stuff

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Слайд 22: TradeLawGuide

http://www.tradelawguide.com More practitioner-oriented, but useful source for tracing the process of a WTO case Provides text of the DSB minutes as well as negotiating history of the Uruguay Round Also provides a citator service that allows you to “ shepardize ” a decision to see how subsequent cases on a particular issue have been resolved

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Слайд 23

Use “Short Titles” kind of like the Popular Name table for finding statutes “Shepardize” previous decisions Locate annotated agreements

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Слайд 24: Exercise #2

Locate a WTO case that discusses the phrase “differences which affect price comparability” in Article 2.4 of the WTO Agreement Has this decision been cited subsequently by a WTO dispute resolution body? Is there a Dispute Settlement Commentary (DSC) available for this case?

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Слайд 25: Trade Agreements

permitted by WTO multilateral (ex. NAFTA) or bilateral (ex. Korea) important because of stalled progress on Doha round can’t get things done together, do them yourself US aggressively pursuing—NAFTA, CAFTA-DR, in negotiations on Colombia, Korea, Panama, Asia-Pacific

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Слайд 26: NAFTA

earlier CFTA (US-Canada) decreases, then removes tariffs Anti-dumping, countervailing duty disputes (Chapter 19) — arbitration before bi-national panels investment disputes (Chapter 11)—ICSID arbitration, UNCITRAL

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Слайд 27: Locating NAFTA Binational Panel decisions

NAFTA Secretariat website http://www.nafta-sec-alena.org No official reporter, but in print consult: North American free trade agreements [ looseleaf reporter, volumes including treaties, disputes, and investor-state arbitration KDZ944.A41992 L39] Westlaw [NAFTA-BIP] Lexis [International Trade > Cases > Interpreting U.S. Law > NAFTA Panel Review Decisions]

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Слайд 28: Locate NAFTA dispute panel decisions from the main NAFTA page (URL provided in previous link) by looking under “Dispute Settlement – Decisions and Reports” or using the graphical link on the right hand side

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Слайд 29: Tariff schedules

Did they overcharge your client? Check the tariff schedule: US Harmonized Tariff Schedule http://hts.usitc.gov/ WTO schedule of concessions http://tariffdata.wto.org Other countries: Locate a country’s trade department site

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Последний слайд презентации: International Trade Law: Exercise #3

Did NAFTA ever adjudicate a dispute involving the same material at issue in the WTO in Exercise #2? If so, which two countries were involved? What is the Harmonized Tariff Schedule number for this material generally (generally don’t need to know the.xxx decimal denomination for the particular type of this material)

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