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HOW MUCH? How to talk about quantity HOW MANY?
To express HOW MUCH food we have or need we use certain words called QUANTIFIERS But there are some differences when using Let’s learn how to express quantity with these words. countable or uncountable nouns
LARGE AMOUNTS countables uncountables There are __________________apples. There is _________________meat. a lot of ( lots of ) a lot of ( lots of ) How many apples are there? How much meat is there? a lot of ( lots of ) is used in affirmative sentences.
SMALLER AMOUNTS (1) countables uncountables There are __________________carrots. There is __________________cheese. some /a few some / a little How many carrots are there? How much cheese is there? some/a few /a little have a positive meaning.
SMALLER AMOUNTS (2) countables uncountables There are n’t __________________carrots. There is n’t __________________cheese. many much How many carrots are there? How much cheese is there? not many / not much have a negative meaning.
SMALLER AMOUNTS (3) countables ● some = a few ● not many = few uncountables ● some = a little ● not much = little positive meaning positive meaning negative meaning negative meaning
SINGLE AMOUNT countables uncountables There is only __________________hot dog. There is _________________milk. a ( one ) a ( one ) How many hot dogs are there? How much milk is there? a(n), one, two … can’t be used with uncountables. We need to use a container : There is a glass of milk.
NO AMOUNT countables uncountables There are n’t __________________doughnuts. There is n’t __________________bread. any any How many doughnuts are there? How much bread is there? not any = no “ There are no doughnuts / There is no bread.”
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SOME and ANY some ● There are some eggs in the fridge. ● Do you want some eggs? (for offers, requests…) ● Did you buy some eggs? (for questions where the expected answer is “yes”) any ● There aren’t any eggs in the fridge. ● Have you got any eggs? (for open questions – the answer can be “yes” or “no”) affirmatives negatives questions questions