Первый слайд презентации
V i e w o n : P h y l o genetic d i s o rders of e x c r etory system S u b m i tted by : S a g a r 1 9 1 b G u i d e d by : A n n a Z h u kova
Слайд 2: E x c r etory system
The excretory system is the system of an organism's body that performs the function of excretion, the bodily process of discharging wastes. The Excretory system is responsible for the elimination of wastes produced by homeostasis.
Слайд 5: E x c r e t i o n t h r ough d i g e s tive t i s s ue p r e d a t e s t h e e v o lution
Слайд 7: Evolution of E x c r etory m e c h anism
Illustration of t h e p r o p osed d i r ection f l u x e s i n c n i d e r i a a n d X e n o c o e l o m o r p h a a n d e v o lution o f a c t i v e a m m o n i a t r a n s p ort a n d ultra filtration m e c h a nism.
Слайд 9: H o r s e s h o e k i d n ey
Horseshoe kidney occurs in about 1 in 500 children. It occurs during fetal development as the kidneys move into their normal position. With horseshoe kidney, as the kidneys of the fetus rise from the pelvic area, they become attached (“fuse”) together at the lower end or base.
Слайд 10: K i d ney c y s t s
Kidney cysts are almost always benign (not cancerous) Some people have kidney cysts caused by an inherited disease called polycystic kidney disease (PKD).
Слайд 12: P o l y c y stic k i dney disease
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is an inherited disorder in which clusters of cysts develop primarily within your kidneys, causing your kidneys to enlarge and lose function over time. Cysts are noncancerous round sacs containing fluid. The cysts vary in size, and they can grow very large.
Слайд 13: R e n a l C a l c u l i / K i d n ey s t o n e
Kidney stones (also called renal calculi, nephrolithiasis or urolithiasis) are hard deposits made of minerals and salts that form inside your kidneys. Diet, excess body weight, some medical conditions, and certain supplements and medications are among the many causes of kidney stones.
Слайд 14: B l a d der C a n cer
Bladder cancer is any of several types of cancer arising from the tissues of the urinary bladder. It is a disease in which cells grow abnormally and have the potential to spread to other parts of the body.Symptoms include blood in the urine, pain with urination, and low back pain.
Слайд 15: Ur e thritis
Urethritis is inflammation of the urethra. That's the tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside the body. Pain with urination is the main symptom of urethritis. Urethritis is commonly due to infection by bacteria.
Слайд 16: U r e t h ritis i n m e n
Urethritis is a condition in which the urethra, or the tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside the body, becomes inflamed and irritated. Semen also passes through the male urethra. Urethritis typically causes pain while urinating and an increased urge to urinate.
Слайд 17: Urethritis i n w o m e n
Urethritis occurs when the urethra is red and swollen (inflamed). The urethra is the tube that passes urine from the bladder to outside the body. The urethra can get swollen and cause burning pain when you urinate.
Слайд 18: C y s t i t is
Cystitis is an inflammation of the bladder. Inflammation is where part of your body becomes irritated, red, or swollen. In most cases, the cause of cystitis is a urinary tract infection (UTI). A UTI happens when bacteria enter the bladder or urethra and begin to multiply.
Слайд 19: G l o m e r u l o n e p h r i t i s
Glomerulonephritis is a group of diseases that injure the part of the kidney that filters blood (called glomeruli). Other terms you may hear used are nephritis and nephrotic syndrome.