Первый слайд презентации: Fibrinous pericarditis - with uremia
A. The surface of the epicardium with fibrinous overlays Б. Opened pericadium Б А
Слайд 2: Productive rheumatic myocarditis
Aschoff-Talalaev granulomas in the stroma (perivascular) with large hyperchromic macrophages, lymphocytes with fibrinoid necrosis -А А
Слайд 3: Chronic tonsillitis in the acute stage
DISTROPHIC AND NECROTIC CHANGES, FOCI of ULCERATION, INFILTRATION BY NEUTROPHIL LEUICOCYTES (1) LYMPHOID FOLLICLES ARE ATROPHIED, SCLEROSIS (2) IN THE EXTENDED LACONS ARE NEUTROPHILS, LEUKOCYTES AND COLONIES OF BACTERIA (3)
Слайд 4: CHRONIC ULCER OF STOMACH
1. FIBRINO-PURULENT EXUDATE 2. FIBRINOID NECROSIS 3. GRANULATION TISSUE 4. SCAR TISSUE WITH SCLEROTIC AND HYALINIZED VESSELS
Слайд 5: Gastric polyp
ВЫСТУПАЮЩЕЕ В ПРОСВЕТ ЖЕЛУДКА SMALL EXOPHITIC FORMATION ON A WIDE BASE, COVERED WITH A MUCOID SHELL HISTOLOGICALLY ADENOMA
Слайд 6: Chronic appendicitis
Vermix of normal size, serosa is smooth, shiny, whitish, with scraps of adhesions, the wall is thickened, sealed
Слайд 7: Diffuse fibrinopurulent peritonitis
Gut loops are swollen (Paresis of the intestine, dynamic intestinal obstruction ), ON THE PERITONEUM ARE MASSIVE FIBRINO-PURULENT IMPOSITIONS
Слайд 8: Diphtheritic tonsillitis in diphtheria
1- FIBRINOUS MEMBRANE 2- DEMARCATION ZONE WITH EXTENDED FULL-BLOODED VESSELS AND ACCUMULATION OF NEUTROPHILS
Слайд 9: Phlegmonous appendicitis
Vermix is enlarged, wall is thickened, diffusely impregnated with pus, the surface is dim and reddish-bluish, With a full-blooded vessels, mesentery full-blooded, with foci of hemorrhage and suppuration
Слайд 10: Inflammatory Infiltration in Atopic Dermatitis
А. Vessels Б. Lymphocytic infiltration В. eosinophils В Б А
Слайд 11: Reflux esophagitis (biopsy)
А. Unchanged squamous cells Б. Eosinophils В. Neutrophils Г. Lymphocytes Г В Б А
Слайд 13: Lung. Abscess in chronic granulomatous disease
А. abscess cavity Б. mononuclear phagocytic infiltration А Б
Слайд 14: Papillary cancer of thyroid gland
А. thyroid parenchyma Б. tumor tissue (papillary cancer) А Б
Слайд 15: Embryonic testicular carcinoma with syncytiotrophoblast
А. embryonal carcinoma Б. syncytiotrophoblast А Б
Слайд 16: Serous dermatitis in eczema
А. epidermal vesicle filled with serous exudate Б. discomplexation of the spinous cells layer В. Blood congestion in vessels of dermis
Слайд 17: Infectious endocarditis
А. fibrin Б. colonies of bacteria В. inflammatory infiltrate Б А В
Слайд 18: Influenzal focal pneumonia
Leucocytic exudate in the lumen of bronchus (А), the epithelium of the bronchus is partially desquamated (Б), bronchial wall with leukocyte infiltration (В) И pronounced blood congestion in vessels (Г), hemorrhage (Д). В Б А Д Г
Слайд 19: Pulmonary tuberculosis
А. Caseous necrosis Б. Bronchi В. Normal pulmonary parenchyma Б А В
Слайд 20: Ghon’s foci with calcification
А. Ghon’s Б. Trachea В. Bronchi Г. Lungs Г А В Б
Слайд 21: Caseous necrosis
А. Necrotic zone Б. Epithelial cells В. Giant cells А В Б
Слайд 22: Granulomatous inflammation of the testicles
А. Necrosis Б. Epithelial cells В. Giant cells of Pirogov-Langhans В Б А
Слайд 23: Granulomatous inflammation in the adrenal gland
А. Necrosis Б. Giant multinucleated cells А Б
Слайд 24: Lymph node in sarcoidosis
А. Granuloma Б. Giant multinuclear cells of foreign bodies А Б
Слайд 25: Lung in sarcoidosis
Б А А. granuloma in sarcoidosis Б. giant multinuclear cells of foreign bodies
Слайд 27: The chancre of syphilis
А. Unaltered epidermis Б. Ulcer В. Lumen of the vessel Г. Wall of the vessel Б А Г В
Слайд 28: Acute inflammation in the tube and ovaries
А. Fallopian tubes Б. Unalerted ovary В. Uterus Г. Cervix Д. Тубоовариальное воспаление
Слайд 29: Acute inflammation of the fallopian tube
А. Muscular wall Б. Inflammatory infiltration in the mucous membrane В. Inflammatory cells in the lumen of the tube
Слайд 30: Inflammation of the pelvic organs. Fallopian tube
А. Lumen of the vessel Б. Mucous membrane В. Submucosa Г. Plasmatic cells Д. Neutrophils
Слайд 31: Mixed Inflammatory Infiltration
А. Eosinophils Б. Plasmatic cells В. Macrophages
Слайд 32: Pulmonary tuberculosis
А. caseous necrosis Б. shaft of epithelioid cells В. giant cells of Pirogov-Langhans
Слайд 37: Gastric cancer
А. Muscular plate of mucous layer Б. Submucosal layer В. muscular layer Г. Tumor
Слайд 38: Invasive gastric carcinoma
А. muscular plate Б. carcinoma, infiltrating serous membrane
Слайд 39: Chronic cholecystitis
А. Fibrosis Б. Ulceration and inflammation В. Necrosis of the mucous membrane
Слайд 42: Infective endocarditis
А. Fibrin Б. Inflammatory infiltration В. Bacteria
Слайд 43: Aschoff Granuloma
А. Mononuclear Aschoff cells Б. Multinucleated Aschoff cells
Слайд 45: Mitral valve with bacterial endocarditis
А. Vegetation Б. Bacteria ( dark blue colour ) В. abscess zone
Hyaline droplet dystrophy of the epithelium of the renal tubules. Nephrocyte cytoplasm is filled with large drops of protein nature -A
Hydropic degeneration of the epithelium of the kidney tubules. In the cytoplasm of nephrocytes vacuoles are visible –А. Tubular lumen not detected. In the cavity of the glomerular capsule –protein fluid.- Б
Hydropic dystrophy of the epidermis. а - in the cells of the epidermis visible vacuoles. б -basal membrane of the epidermis is thickened. в -full blood vessels. г -connective tissue of the dermis is edematous.
Horny dystrophy of the epidermis (hyperkeratosis) is an excessive formation of horny substance in the cornifying epithelium.
Fat dystrophy of myocardium. а -group of myocardial cardiomyocytes with fatty inclusions in the cytoplasm. б - venules. в- muscle cells, free from fatty inclusions. Staining Sudan 3
Fatty degeneration of the liver. In the cytoplasm of hepatocytes fat droplets are visible. Staining Sudan 3
Fatty degeneration of the epithelium of the renal tubules in renal amyloidosis. а -amyloid masses in the capillary loops of the glomeruli. б -fat in nephrocytes and tubule lumen. в -fat in the stroma of the kidney. Staining Sudan 3
Carbohydrate dystrophy of the epithelium of the renal tubules. (Diabetes mellitus) а -in the nephrocytes of the narrow segment and the distal tubule. б -lumen of tubules deposits of ruby-red glycogen granules. Best's carmine stain
Colloid degeneration of the thyroid gland. In the follicles of enlarged glands there are clusters of colloidal masses.
Mucoid swelling of the artery wall (with rheumatism) The artery wall, especially intima, is thickened and metachromatic due to the accumulation of acid glycosaminoglycans. Toluidine blue staining.
Mucoid swelling of the heart valve (with rheumatic diffuse endocarditis,valvulitis ). A-valve. B-Parietal endocardium. Sharply chromatic due to the accumulation of acidic glycosaminoglycanes in them. Moderate lymphohistiocytic infiltration of valve tissue. Toluidine Blue staining
Fibrinoid necrosis of the connective tissue (with rheumatism) The site of the disorganization of the connective tissue is sharply pyroninophilic. Pironinophilia is not cleared by ribonuclease, which indicates the breakdown of cellular elements in the focus of fibrinolysis. Brachet methyl blue and pironin staining
Fibrinoid necrosis of arterioles and capillaries of the kidney glomerulus (in hypertensive disease) a-intima of arterioles. b -loops of the glomerular capillaries are represented by a homogeneous basophilic substance.
Hyalinosis of the small artery of the brain ( hypertensive disease) The wall of the artery is thickened, is represented by a homogeneous hyaline-like substance. The lumen is sharply narrowed. The brain tissue is swollen.
Hyalinosis of the vessels of the renal glomerulus (in hypertensive disease) a-afferent arteriole with a sharply thickened homogeneous wall and a narrowed lumen. B- hyalinized capillary loops of glomerulus.
Obesity of the heart. A-lumen of adipose tissue. B-thinned atrophied muscle fibers.
Hemosiderosis of the liver. In stellate reticuloendothelial cells and hepatocytes clusters of bluish-green hemosiderin grains. Perls ’ reaction to iron.
Слайд 63: Hemomelanosis. A- accumulations of hemomelanin grains in the red pulp of the spleen. Б - hemomelanin grains in the stellate reticuloendotheliocytes of the liver
Melasma (with Addison's disease) A-in the basal layer of the epidermis a lot of melanin-loaded cells - melanocytes. B - in the connective tissue layer of the skin a brown-black pigment is visible in the melanophages
Lipofuscin in the nerve cells of the cervical sympathetic ganglion of the old man. A-cytoplasm of cells contains a large number of small yellow-brown lipofucin granules. Nissl staining.
Myocardial lipofuscinosis with atrophy. A-thinned muscle fibers, Б - along the poles of the nuclei are visible accumulations of small yellow-brown lipofuscin grains.
Gout. A - deposits of uric acid salts. Б -proliferation of connective tissue. B- giant multinucleated cells absorbing salts.
Metastatic myocardial calcification. A-groups of cardiomyocytes encrusted by lime. Б - unalerted myocardium.
Metastatic kidney calcification. A-canaliculi with lime-encrusted nephrocytes. Б -preserved tubules.
Слайд 70: Petrificate in the lung with tuberculosis. A- calcificated masses of caseous necrosis. Б -scar capsule. B-deposits of coal in the outer layers of the capsule. Г -pulmonary alveoli
Necrosis of the epithelium of the kidney tubules. A - in the nephrocytes of the proximal tubules nuclei are not determined ( karyolysis ). Б -in nephrocytes of Henle loop,nuclei are saved. В- Vascular glomeruli. Г -dilated full blooded vessels.
Necrosis of skeletal muscle in gas gangrene. A- decomposition and myolysis of muscle fibers. B-stroma is edematous, infiltrated with leukocytes, with foci of hemorrhages.
Acute venous congestion and pulmonary edema. A - dilated vessels of interalveolar septa. B- edematous fluid in the lumen of the alveoli.
Chronic venous congestion of the liver. A-the veins and capillaries in the center of the lobules are sharply expanded, full of blood. Б - atrophy of liver cells. В- the area of hemorrhage. Г - on periphery are saved liver beams. Д - perisinusoidal spaces are expanded.
Chronic venous congestion of the lungs. A-expanded interalveolar septa. Б - in the stroma of the lung and the lumen of the alveoli there are clusters of siderophages loaded with hemosiderin. B- part of the alveoli is filled with edematous fluid. Г - interalveolar septa thickened and sclerosed.
Stasis in the capillaries of the brain in chronic venous stasis. A - capillaries sharply dilated, clogged with red blood cells. Б -brain tissue is edematous.
Embolism of the lymphatic vessels of the lung by cancer cells. A - dilated lymphatic vessels with clusters of cancer cells. Б -full-blooded veins. B-full-blooded capillaries. В - edematous fluid in the alveoli.
Lymphostasis in the liver. A- Lymphatic vessels are dilated, filled with lymph. Б - perisinusoidal DIsse space is clearly expressed.
Parenchymal myocarditis. A-most of the cardiomyocytes with signs of necrosis and lysis. B - in the edematous stroma of the myocardium accumulations of histiocytes, lymphoid cells, eosinophilic leukocytes.
Necrotizing colitis. (With uraemia ) A - most of the mucous membrane is necrotized. B-infiltration with segmented leukocytes. B-swelling, blood congestion in submucosal layer.
Serous dermatitis. А- epidermal vesicles are filled with serous exudate. Б - discomplexation of the cells of the spinous layer. В- full-blooded dermis.
Purulent fistula. A - the inner layer of the wall of the fistula consists of fibroblasts rich in ribonucleoproteins. B - purulent exudate. Brashe staining by methyl green and pyronin.
Brucellosis granuloma. A-epithelioid cells. Б -giant cell of Pirogov-Langhans. B - lymphoid cells with a large number of eosinophils. Г -tissue of the liver.
Actinomycotic granuloma. A - in the center of purulent fusion of Б - actinomycotic fungi. В -focus of purulent inflammation is surrounded by ripening granulation tissue.
Слайд 85: Granulomatous inflammation of the liver with alveococcosis. A- chitinous shell of the parasite. Б -capsule of scarring granulation tissue. B-giant cells of foreign bodies absorbing chitin mass. Г -liver beams
Myocardial regeneration (large-focal cardiosclerosis ). A-scar tissue. Б -atrophic cardiomyocytes on the background of sclerosis. B-sharply hypertrophied muscle fibers on the periphery of the scar. Г -artery of the closing type. Mallory staining.
Последний слайд презентации: Fibrinous pericarditis - with uremia
Atrophy of the kidney ( hydronephrosis ). A-overgrowth of connective tissue. B- glomeruli are atrophic and replaced by scar tissue. The B- capsule’s cavity of the individual glomeruli are stretched filled with protein fluid. G-atrophic tubules, enlarged, contain homogeneous masses.