Презентация на тему: environment 3

environment 3
environment 3
environment 3
environment 3
environment 3
environment 3
environment 3
environment 3
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to begin with I'd like to say that ecological problems are very important nowadays.

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The ecological problems should be a universal concern because if all people don't realize that the Earth is in danger, Экологические проблемы должны волновать всех, потому что, если все люди не осознают, что Земля находится в опасности

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they will kill the planet and themselves. они погубят планету и самих себя.)

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as for air pollution, I quite agree with many people that it causes health problems.

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moreover, the second major problem is water pollution. this problem is caused by throwing chemicals and nuclear waste in the water by a lot of factories.

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There are different steps taken to fight ecological problems: для борьбы с экологическими проблемами предпринимаются различные шаги:

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we must use the law of 3 " Rs ": reuse, recycle and reduce

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many people join Green organizations in countries all over the world. многие люди присоединяются к зеленым организациям в странах по всему миру.

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people try to consume less and conserve more. люди стараются потреблять меньше и экономить больше

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In conclusion, I'd like to emphasize that I believe that people are becoming more and more aware and eco-friendly В заключение я хотел бы подчеркнуть, что я считаю, что люди становятся все более и более осведомленными и экологически чистыми

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that will help the mankind live in harmony and take care of the Nature. это поможет человечеству жить в гармонии и заботиться о природе.

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to begin with I'd like to say that ecological problems are very important nowadays.

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The ecological problems should be a universal concern because if all people don't realize that the Earth is in danger, Экологические проблемы должны волновать всех, потому что, если все люди не осознают, что Земля находится в опасности

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they will kill the planet and themselves. они погубят планету и самих себя.)

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as for air pollution, I quite agree with many people that it causes health problems.

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moreover, the second major problem is water pollution. this problem is caused by throwing chemicals and nuclear waste in the water by a lot of factories.

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There are different steps taken to fight ecological problems: для борьбы с экологическими проблемами предпринимаются различные шаги:

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we must use the law of 3 " Rs ": reuse, recycle and reduce

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many people join Green organizations in countries all over the world. многие люди присоединяются к зеленым организациям в странах по всему миру.

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people try to consume less and conserve more. люди стараются потреблять меньше и экономить больше

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In conclusion, I'd like to emphasize that I believe that people are becoming more and more aware and eco-friendly В заключение я хотел бы подчеркнуть, что я считаю, что люди становятся все более и более осведомленными и экологически чистыми

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that will help the mankind live in harmony and take care of the Nature. это поможет человечеству жить в гармонии и заботиться о природе.

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Our planet is home to millions of ______________ kinds of plant and animal species, which are linked in different ways. ____________, they make up the complex world of nature. _____________, co-habiting with humans brings up ecological problems. The most acute are pollution, acid rain, wildlife destruction, shortage of natural _____________ and global warming. These problems are interrelated as everything in the natural world depends on one another. These _____________ issues require urgent and effective solutions.  Wild plants and animals live in a particular set of _______________, called their habitat. Nowadays people change habitats to suit their own needs - to create farmlands or build cities, for _________. They also destroy __________ habitats and while mining or by building roads.  A lot of species - fish, reptiles, insects, birds, mammals - are ________________ rather rapidly. It’s reported that by 2030 25% of all animals, birds and insects may be _____________.  All living organisms breathe in ____________, and breathe out carbon dioxide. We produce carbon dioxide when we ___________ things. Trees take this gas from the air, and __________ oxygen. But in the last few years, people have cut and burnt ____________ amount of rainforest.

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Many plants in the world are known to be in ___________ or threatened with extinction. The world has over nine million square km. of ___________. Paper and cardboard are made from ________. Every year over 100000 square kilometres of forests are cleared for different uses, and a lot of forests are so badly damaged that they will hardly be able to ___________.  Needless to say, that the main problem is the ____________ of air. A lot of people in our district have their own cars and a lot of ___________, especially transport ones, use thousands of lorries in their work. These transport facilities carry loads and passengers from one ____________ to another and at the same time do a lot of damage to nature. The car exhaust fumes mix with air and we have to inspire this ___________ mixture. I am terribly upset that lately the number of cars and garages in our yards has increased enormously but I suppose that it would be better to __________ to the usage of another transport, to move the garages to the suburbs or to arrange days of pedestrian and cyclist _________ if we really want to clear the air around us.  In my home town in several districts there are some heat stations and they also ___________ the condition of the air around.

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Acid rain falls when _____________ gases from power stations and vehicles mix with oxygen and moisture in the air.  Acid rain poisons or kills wildlife in lakes, rivers, and forests, and ___________ the surrounding plant life. The problem could be ____________ by reducing vehicle emissions and limiting the gases released from ___________ stations.  World ______________ are currently rising every year. This phenomenon is called global __________. As the planet warms up, the water in the ___________ will take up more space and water from glaciers and the polar ice caps will start to melt. This could cause sea levels to rise and many habitats will disappear under water.  The _________ of global warming is attributed to the greenhouse effect. It works in the following way - sunlight gives us heat which warms the ____________. Some of the heat returns into _________. ______________ the air surrounding the earth has become much warmer because the heat can't go back into space. That's why winter and summer temperatures in many places have ___________ higher.

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Summing ______________ up, the climate in different parts of the world changes every year. These changes can be dangerous for our planet which needs immediate ____________. The measures to be taken _____________ limitations for cutting rainforests and poisonous gas emissions as well as personal ecology of humans.  ________ are taking only the initial eco-steps to protect nature, to save life on the planet not only for the sake of the present but also for the _________        ________________.

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what young people can do to improve the ecological situation;

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Speaker A : I try to care about our planet. Some people argue that it’s impossible for an individual to affect major changes, but I disagree as there’re many things everyone can do to help our planet. Let’s start with our homes. Encouraging your family to recycle regularly is a good thing to start with. Every glass bottle you recycle saves enough energy to run a TV for an hour, while recycling an aluminum can saves enough energy to run a TV for three hours! It’s not difficult to turn out the lights when you leave a room or use re-useable containers for your lunches.

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Speaker В : My name is Walton and I’m from the USA. I’m personally concerned about our environment pollution. I try to protect the environment, to preserve it and leave it clean and undamaged for the next generations who are at risk of not being able to leave their homes due to the high city pollution. Yet now, in my native city — Boston, the smog has increased to such a threatening level that my family and I had to move, because the air was harmful to the health of my 4-year-old son.

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Speaker С : In my country, England, there is hardly a part of it that is within its natural state. The typical English countryside, the hills and fields, have all been shaped by generations of cultivation. In fact, taking the planet as a whole there is hardly a part of it that humans have not changed. I fear that by our pollution humans are changing the places where they do not live and where they live. Deserts are becoming hotter, arctic ice is melting and wherever you look you can see the ugly footprint of humanity.

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Speaker D : Of course we should care more about our planet water supplies. When you use water wisely, you help the environment. You save water for fish and animals. You help preserve drinking water supplies as well. You save the energy that your water supplier uses to move water to you and the energy your family uses to heat your water. When you use water wisely, you save money, as your family pays for the water you use. So if kids start learning to use water wisely today, they will be helping themselves in the future.

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Speaker E : My name is Susan, and I’m 17 years old. I think the earth is the home we all live in but many people simply don’t care. I get depressed by all those warnings that we hear daily — acid rain, global warming, and on and on. It is likely that there will always be some people who litter in towns and in the country, despite fines and knowledge of the environmental consequences. You cannot influence the way other people care for our planet and that makes me very sad.

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Speaker F : I suggest we should use all resources in the most efficient way possible. A green home will be a good solution here, as it helps to conserve energy as well as water. Waste and pollution will be decreased too. A green home protects the environment by using renewable solar energy. Solar panels on the roof of a home collect sunlight, which is then converted into power to heat the home and run the home equipment. So a green home will save energy as well as money in addition to having other health benefits.

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Environmental problems are becoming more and more important today. People begin to understand that climate changes, acid rains, pollution, deforestation can threaten their lives and the future of the planet. That`s why a lot of us really care about ecology. As for my town, the main ecological problem in the place where I live is pollution. My town suffers from different kinds of pollution. To begin with, there is a lot of rubbish in the streets. Moreover, cars pollute the air and a lot of waste is dumped into the rivers. In my opinion, young people can do a lot to improve the ecological situation if they become more active. They can join different local ecological projects. For example, they can plant trees and help to clean parks, forests and river banks. I believe that environmental problems are of great importance nowadays and I am sure that young people can do a lot to improve the ecological situation.

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to begin with, I’d like to say that more and more people are getting worried about environmental problems nowadays. The Earth’s climate has already changed significantly. A lot of people know about the global warming and the serious complications it has such as droughts, floods, hurricanes and just the radical climatic change in some particular areas. The climate should make people think more about our lifestyle and our inheritance for the future generations. Young people like Greta Thunberg try to draw attention to some ecological problems and help to save the planet for the future. Saint Petersburg also has some environmental problems. There are different kinds of environmental pollution like air pollution, water pollution and soil pollution here. Woods around the city are full of used plastic bottles and cans. Such litter also can be found in various rivers, channels and lakes. Road traffic, airport, railroads, manufacturing plants, construction and demolition also cause noise pollution. People say that the latest is the attribute of a big city life. Everyone can contribute in our environment. We can try to cut down on our consumption, separate waste and do not waste water while brushing our teeth or washing the dishes. When we are aware of what we can do we can try our best and make a difference.

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Task 3. You are going to give a talk about environmental problems. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and speak for not more than 2 minutes (10–12 sentences). Remember to say: why people worry about environmental problems nowadays; what the most serious environmental problem in the place where you live is; what young people can do to improve the ecological situation; what your attitude to environmental problems is. You have to talk continuously.

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Starting: Let's start with this one, shall we? Shall we start with this one? Asking your partner: So, what do you think? Do you think that's a good idea? Agreeing: You are right. That's a great idea. That's a good idea. I think so too. That's a good point. I see what you mean. Disagreeing: I don't think we should... That's not such a good idea... It's a good idea, but... I'm not sure we should... Well, I'm not sure about that. Making suggestions: Let's... Why don't we... How about... Do you want to... What if we... What do you think about... ing I think this would be good because... This wouldn't be such a good idea because... Asking for opinions: How about you? What do you think about...? That's a good idea, isn't it? Do you agree...? Showing preference: I think this is better because... I prefer... Giving reasons: ... so that...... because...... that's why...... so... Summing up: So, shall we choose this one? Which one shall we choose? Do we agree that this is the best one?

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Starting: Let's start with this one, shall we? Shall we start with this one? Asking your partner: So, what do you think? Do you think that's a good idea? Agreeing: You are right. That's a great idea. That's a good idea. I think so too. That's a good point. I see what you mean. Disagreeing: I don't think we should... That's not such a good idea... It's a good idea, but... I'm not sure we should... Well, I'm not sure about that. Making suggestions: Let's... Why don't we... How about... Do you want to... What if we... What do you think about... ing I think this would be good because... This wouldn't be such a good idea because... Asking for opinions: How about you? What do you think about...? That's a good idea, isn't it? Do you agree...? Showing preference: I think this is better because... I prefer... Giving reasons: ... so that...... because...... that's why...... so... Summing up: So, shall we choose this one? Which one shall we choose? Do we agree that this is the best one? Starting: Let's start with this one, shall we? Shall we start with this one? Asking your partner: So, what do you think? Do you think that's a good idea? Agreeing: You are right. That's a great idea. That's a good idea. I think so too. That's a good point. I see what you mean. Disagreeing: I don't think we should... That's not such a good idea... It's a good idea, but... I'm not sure we should... Well, I'm not sure about that. Making suggestions: Let's... Why don't we... How about... Do you want to... What if we... What do you think about... ing I think this would be good because... This wouldn't be such a good idea because... Asking for opinions: How about you? What do you think about...? That's a good idea, isn't it? Do you agree...? Showing preference: I think this is better because... I prefer... Giving reasons: ... so that...... because...... that's why...... so... Summing up: So, shall we choose this one? Which one shall we choose? Do we agree that this is the best one?

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