Первый слайд презентации: ENGLISH PHRASAL VERBS
Speaker: Lewis G. Sager III Sponsored by MacMillan Publishers
Слайд 2: What are Phrasal Verbs?
2-word and 3-word verbs 2-word verbs: cut up cut off turn on turn off put up put off 3-word verbs: look up to put up with come up with catch up with
Слайд 3: Why do phrasal verbs exist?
Phrasal verbs (separable verbs) are prevalent in Germanic languages: German, Dutch, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, and English. Phrasal verbs are not very prevalent in Latin languages: Castilian, Portuguese, Italian, French, Catalan, Romanian, etc. Latin languages use ‘reflexive verbs’ to a great extent to express the same ideas and concepts that we do in English with Phrasal Verbs.
Слайд 4: Modern-day English is a combination of:
Germanic dialects, as far back as the 5th century a.d. Viking words (invasions) from 700 to 1000 a.d. French of the Middle Ages, thanks to the Norman Invasion of 1066 and the Battle of Hastings. Latin words, thanks to authors like Chaucer and Shakespeare of the 14th and 16th centuries.
Слайд 5: How do Phrasal Verbs work?
A phrasal verb consists of the following: VERB + PARTICLE(S), a second or third word Example: I eat (verb) + up (particle) I fell (verb) + off (particle) I put (verb) + on (particle) The ‘ PARTICLE’ is the MOST important word. The particle can affect, increment, enhance, reduce and/or change drastically the meaning of the base verb.
Слайд 6: Separable vs Non-separable 2- Word Verbs
Separable phrasal verbs have an OBJECT: Example: I will pick up the children. I will pick the children up. I will pick them up. He puts on his shirt. He puts his shirt on. He puts it on.
Слайд 7: Some 2 word verbs with objects are NOT separable…
Examples: Correct: I am looking for my keys. Incorrect: I am looking my keys for. Correct: He is looking at me funny. Incorrect: He is looking me at funny. Correct: The water wears through the wall. Incorrect: The water wears the wall through.
Слайд 8: There are 30 to 35 particles that can be used, we are going to look at the 9 MOST important
Examples: UP BACK OFF OVER OUT AWAY IN DOWN ON
Слайд 9: 1) UP To complete or finish an action, totally, to increase, to enhance, to increment
speak cut drink eat get go turn look
Слайд 10: 2) OFF to separate, finish, stop, disconnect, reduce, decrease
call cut get turn fall go put take
Слайд 11: 3) OUT to remove or exclude, to leave, to terminate
cut put get take throw go check look
Слайд 13: 5) OVER inspect, examine, review, repeat, on top of
look check do go get turn run read
Слайд 14: 6) AWAY to put distance, continuous activity, to separate, leave, or disappear
get go turn eat look take give send
Слайд 18: THREE-WORD PHRASALS ‘Memorize’
Get along with have a relationship with Keep up with maintain up to date Look forward to want to do something Catch up to reach same place Cut back (down) on reduce, lower Break into entering to steal/rob Look up to admire Look down on condescend Put up with tolerate Walk out on abandon Run out of finish, use completely Add up to to mean, signify Back out of withdraw support Feel up to have a desire to Run away from escape from Look out for be careful of Do away with dispose, eliminate Read up on study, review Drop out of quit, stop Brush up on study, review Face up to confront
Слайд 19: Literal, Figurative and Idiomatic Meanings
Literal Figurative Idiomatic Put on shirt act, a play put me on Burn up house money oneself Get over come here cross feel better Pick up shoes a cold traffic Put away store hide kill Break down not working lack of nerves Hang up the phone obstacle complexes Get into enter begin trouble Boil over kitchen tensions trouble
Слайд 20: Phrasal Verbs and equivalent Single-word verbs
Ask out - invite Grow up - mature Break in - rob, steel Keep on - continue Call off - cancel Hold back - prevent Carry on - continue Leave out - omit Check in - register Look at - observe Check over - review Look for - search Clean up - organize Look over - inspect, study Come back - return (here) Pass away - die Come in - enter Pick out - choose, select Figure out - solve Pick up - take Find out - discover, realize Put away - store Fix up - repair, restore Put out - produce Go back - return (there) Put together - assemble Go down - decrease Show up - appear Go up - increase Take out - remove
Слайд 21: Phrasal Verb “Get“ and equivalent Single Verbs
Get ahead - advance Get away - escape Get back - return Get to - arrive Get better - improve Get by - manage Get down - descend Get into - involve Get in - enter Get old - age Get off - finish (work) Get out - leave Get up - rise Get well - improve Get over - recuperate
Слайд 22: IN SUMMARY
Phrasal verbs make life a lot more interesting and fun when you speak English, and a lot more expressive. So, next time you speak English, use a Phrasal Verb… Brush up on Them! They will ‘SPICE UP’ your life!
Последний слайд презентации: ENGLISH PHRASAL VERBS: References
Hook, J.R., 2- and 3-Word Verbs, Heinle &Heinle, 1999. Elaine Higgleton, LaRousse Guide to Phrasal Verbs, Ediciones Larousse. Dixson, Robert, Essential Idioms in English, Pearson-Longman, White Plains, N.Y., 2004. Flower, John, Phrasal Verb Organizer, Heinle & Heinle, 2002