Wales has a distinctive culture including its own language, customs, holidays and music Wales is primarily represented by the symbol of the red Welsh Dragon, but other national emblems include the leek and daffodil
The Welsh words for leeks ( cennin ) and daffodils ( cennin Pedr, lit. "(Saint) Peter's Leeks") are closely related and it is likely that one of the symbols came to be used due to a misunderstanding for the other one, though it is less clear which came first
Слайд 4: Festivals
St. David's Day is celebrated on 1 March, which some people argue should be designated a public holiday in Wales Festivals
Слайд 5: The traditional seasonal festivals in Wales are:
1.) Calan Gaeaf (a Hallowe'en or Samhain -type holiday on the first day of winter) 2.) Gwyl Fair y Canhwyllau (literally Mary’s Festival of the Candles, but equivalent to Candlemas and Imbolc ) 3.) Calan Mai (May Day, and similar to Beltane) 4.) Calan Awst (or Midsummer, equivalent to Lughnasa ). 5.) Dydd Santes Dwynwen, a Welsh equivalent to Valentine's Day. Additionally, Calennig is a Welsh New Year celebration. The traditional seasonal festivals in Wales are:
Слайд 6: Calan Gaeaf
is the name of the first day of winter in Wales, observed on 1 November. The night before is Nos Galan Gaeaf an Ysbrydnos when spirits are abroad. People avoid churchyards, stiles, and crossroads, since spirits are thought to gather there.
is a Welsh name of Candlemas, celebrated on 2 February. It is the Welsh equivalent of the Goidelic holiday of Imbolc. It was derived from the pre-Reformation ceremony of blessing the candles and distributing them to be carried in a procession The festival of early Spring is not connected with Saint Brigid of Kildare, as it is in Scotland and Ireland, however
Слайд 10: Calan Mai ( May Day )
In Wales, May 1 is a holiday known as Calan Mai [ˈ kalan ˈ mai ] or Calan Haf [ˈ kalan ˈ haːv ], which means the first day of summer. Celebrations start on the evening before, known as May Eve, with bonfires; as with Calan Gaeaf Calan Mai ( May Day )
May Eve, villagers gather hawthorn branches and flowers which they would then use to decorate the outside of their houses, celebrating new growth and fertility
Слайд 12: Lammas
August 1 is Lammas Day, the festival of the wheat harvest, and is the first harvest festival of the year. On this day it was customary to bring to church a loaf made from the new crop, which began to be harvested at Lammastide Lammas
Последний слайд презентации: Cultural traditions of Wales: Dydd Santes Dwynwen ( Valentine's Day. )
is celebrated on 25 January every year. It celebrates Dwynwen : she is the Welsh saint of love Throughout Wales, children and adults make cards to give each other in a celebration of their love, or sometimes anonymously to entice the other person into love.