Слайд 2: Origin and domestication history
Cattle, and, in particular, cows figure at human history. Domestication began at the time of an early neolith, about 8500 years ago, after domestication of goats, sheep and pigs. Question, whether the territory of modern Turkey and northern Entre Rios the only center of domestication (without considering domestication of a zebu in the territory of Hindustan) are, remains open. The genetic researches conducted in 1994 showed that modern cows don't belong as long time was considered, one patrimonial line.
Body at a cow wide, with the roundish exaggerated Sides, feet short, long strong tail. The tail at a cow reminds a whisk, to them it drives away annoying flies and gadflies.
At a cow the large head with inflexed Horns, standing ears with which it it is good hears, and the big dark-– brown eyes.
At cows a good nose – sense of smell: On a smell they easily distinguish edible from inedible herbs.
Cows – herbivores. Without hurrying cows on a meadow go also pinch a grass.
At first the cow easily takes grass language, and then pulls the head also breaks it.
Milk ́ — the nutritious liquid developed by mammary glands of females of mammals.
On a farm a cow milk with the help special milking machines
Cows give us milk and meat. And from milk people learned to prepare it is a lot of useful tasty and nutritious products.
After milking of a cow lay down to have a rest. They lie and slowly chew a forage.
In the summer owners prepare for cows forage for the winter. The haymaking begins.
In the winter of cows keep in sheds – cowsheds. Feed with straw, hay and a flour.
Cub of a cow call – a calf. In an hour the calf gets up on even not got stronger legs. Cow carefully licks the kid language.
At first the calf drinks mather milk
And then cheerfully runs on a meadow and pinches together with mother green grass.
Owners lovingly call a cow "wet nurse", "the mother – a cow", " Buryonushka ".