Первый слайд презентации
Comparisons Maria Minina
Слайд 3: Comparisons
As/Like We use like : With nouns / pronouns/ - ing form to express similarity She treats him like a servant. (He isn’t a servant.) With feel,look,smell, taste. ( He looks like his brother.) We use as: To say what somebody or something really is. He works as a personal manager for that accounting firm.
Слайд 4: Comparatives & superlatives
We use the comparative to compare one person or thing with another. We use the superlatives to compare one person or thing with more than one person or thing of the same group. We often use than after a comparative and the before a superlative. ( He is older than me. He’s the oldest person in the room.)
E xample s:
Formation of comparatives and superlatives from adjectives and adverbs with one-syllable adjectives, add –(e)r to form the comparative and -( e) st to form the superlative. close –clos er –clos est Note: for one syllable adjective ending in a vowel + a consonant, we double the consonant. big –bigg er –bigg est
w ith two-syllable adjectives ending in – ly / -y/ -w, also add – er / - est narrow- narrower- narrowest Note : for adjectives ending in a consonant + y we replace the –y with – i tiny –tinier –tiniest
w ith other two-syllable adjectives or adverbs with more than two syllable, comparatives and superlatives a formed with more/most inteligent – more intelligent – most intelligent w ith adverbs that have the same form as their adjectives we add – er / - est h ard-harder -hardest
two-syllable or compound adverbs take more/most s lowly –more slowly –most slowly Note : clever, common, cruel, friendly, gentle, pleasant, polite, simple, stupid, quite can form their comparatives and superlatives either with – er / - est with more/most.
Слайд 11: Types of comparisons
as+adjectives+as (to show that two people or thing are similar in some way) In negative sentences we use not as/ so…as The blue bag is as expensive as the red one. less+adjectives+than ( express the difference between two people or things) The opposite is more…than. Paul is less successful than his brother. t he least+adjective+of /in (compares one persons or thing to two or more people or things in the same group) The opposite is most…of/in She is the least ambitious person in the company.
m uch/ a lot/ far / a little / a bit / slightly + comparativ e ( express the degree of difference between two people or things) Brian is slightly older than Maria. the+comparative … (shows that two things change together or that one thing depends on another thing) The longer the day went on, the more tired she becam e. by far+ the+ superlative ( emphasises t he difference between one things or person and two or more people or things in the same group) Last year was by far the best the company has ever ha d.