Слайд 2: Comparison
Russain – 33 letters – 46 sounds English – 26 letters – 44 sounds
Voiced consonants b b ook d d oor ʒ televi s ion ʤ J im g g o v fi v e ð th is z Z oo Voiceless consonants p p en t ten ʃ sh ow ʧ ch air k k ey f f ive θ Th anks s s i s ter Sonorants m m oon n n i n e ŋ so ng h h and l l ook r r ed w w ell j y our
Short vowels i s i t u p u t ʌ u p ɔ b o x ə und er e p e n æ b a g Long vowels i: t ee u: m oo n ɑ: cl a ss ɔ: d oor З: h er Diphthongs iə ne ar uə p oor a i m y ɔi b oy əu g o ɛə ch air au n ow ei t a ke
The degree of noise: noise/ sonorants The work of the vocal cords: voiced/voiceless The force of articulation: strong/weak The manner of articulation Complete obstruction: occlusive, plosive, stop noise/nasal sonorants Incomplete obstruction, slow air escape: constrictive, fricative/oral sonorants Complete obstruction, slow air escape: affricates The place of articulation Labial: bilabial, labio -dental Lingual: forelingual, mediolingual (palatal), backlingual (velar) Glottal CLASSIFICATION OF CONSONANTS
Forelingual interdental alveolar post-alveolar palato -alveolar CLASSIFICATION OF CONSONANTS
Stability of articulation monophthongs, diphthongs, diphthongoids Vertical position of the tongue Close, mid, open (narrow, broad variants) Horizontal position of the tongue Front, front-retracted, central, back-advanced, back The position of the lips lip-rounded, unrounded, lip-spread CLASSIFICATION OF VOWELS
in the, sweet, start, mitten, little, black cat, noses, that’s, OBLIGATORY ASSIMILATION CASES tree, dry, Great Britain, drain, pray, grey ( smoothly)
in the, sweet, start, mitten, little, black cat, noses, that’s, Phoneme and Allophones tree, dry, Great Britain, drain, pray, grey ( smoothly) n in th e kit ten sn ow knee
Слайд 13: SOUNDS ɔ i, u ə /ju ə VOWEL SEQUENCES a i ə, a u ə, o u ə, e i ə, ɔ i ə
b oi l, b oy, n oi se, t oy, c ure, t our ist, p oor, pl ura l, cr ue l, us ua l, s ure f ire, t ire d, w ire, p ower, t ower, h our, v owe l, sl ower, pl ayer, gr eyer, empl oyer, ann oya nce
Слайд 14: Tones
High Rise – (surprise, re-asking, request to repeat again – reaction to the heard remark) I have it. You have it? (re-asking) Oh? (surprise)
Слайд 15: Alternative question (T or )
Are you a /doctor │or a \fitter ? (T or ) Are you in the first or in the second course? Is it your coffee or mine? Is it on or under the table? Have you had dinner or are going to have it?
Слайд 16: Tones
Rise-Fall – (more categorical, strong disbelief, surprise) It’s ^awful,│^isn’t it?
Слайд 17: Tones
Level Tone– ( incomplete, usually in poetry, can be replaced with/substituted for LR, F-R ) Frankly speaking,│ I’m awfully \ hungry. High Mid Low
The teacher is standing at the desk in the middle of the classroom. Good morning! It,s nice!
Слайд 20: Intone the sentences
How is your mother, Mrs. Black? Do you have any sugar in your tea, Mrs. Black? John, listen to me! After a few minutes he fell asleep. Good afternoon, Mrs. White, how are you? – Very well indeed, thank you, and how are you? – Quite well, thank you. On Friday they have Grammar. Mary has put the right number of knives, forks, spoons and glasses for each person. He is seriously ill. Pity! Wait for them. It was wonderful, wasn’t it? – Yes, it was. When I went out, it was dark. – Was it? Do you like early autumn or late autumn?
Слайд 21: Intone the sentences
Thank you for letting me know. Is this his car? – No, it, isn’t. It’s mine. Would you like coffee or milk? It’s John Thomson, isn’t it? I’m leaving at five. When? Are you a student? Am I a student? Yes. Now what have you done to Mary? – Nothing. Hello. – Good night. Excuse me, where is the nearest shop? What a big piece of cake! – Thank you! – Not at all. What a beautiful little garden! What’s the matter? Try the other key. Does he ever come to London?