Слайд 2: Origin of the Name – Canada
The first use of "Canada" as an official name came in 1791 when the Province of Quebec was divided into the colonies of Upper and Lower Canada.
Слайд 3: Geographical Position
Canada is the world's second-largest country (after Russia), and is the largest country in North America. Canada is situated i n the north of Northern America, washed by the Atlantic Ocean in the east, the Pacific Ocean in the west, and the Arctic Ocean in the north and in the northeast by the Baffin Bay and the Davis Strait, which separate it from Greenland, In the south and in the north Canada borders with the USA. The 49th parallel was chosen as a border from the Great Lakes to the west coast.
Слайд 4: Territories and Provinces
Politically, Canada is divided into 10 provinces and 3 territories. The constitution also indicates what provinces are a part of Canada and what the powers those provinces have. Territories on the other hand are created by Federal Law. That means the territories have a bit less power than the provinces.
Слайд 5: Climate
• Canada is often associated with cold weather and snow, but in reality, its climate is as diverse as its landscape. Generally, Canadians enjoy four very distinct seasons, particularly in the more populated regions along the US border. Daytime summer temperatures can rise to 35°C and higher, while lows of -25°C are not uncommon in winter. More moderate temperatures are the norm in spring and fall.
Слайд 6: Landscape
There are an estimated two million lakes in Canada, covering approximately 7.6% of its land area. The largest are the Great Lakes, which are shared between the US and Canada. Other large lakes include Great Bear Lake and Great Slave Lake in the NW Territories and Lake Winnipeg in Manitoba. The landscape is diverse, ranging from the Arctic tundra of the north to the great prairies of the central area. Westward are the Rocky Mountains, and in the southeast are the Great Lakes, the St Lawrence River and N iagara Falls.
Слайд 8: Population
Canadians make up 0.5% of the world's total population,2010 having relied upon immigration for population growth and social development. The total population of the country is 32,878,900, according to the 2007 census. Major part of this population is concentrated around the Great Lakes and the Saint Lawrence River. Most of the people live in the southern part of Canada. About 77 percent of Canadians live in cities and towns. The largest cities are Toronto, Montreal and Canada is the home of over a million Aboriginal people.
Слайд 9: Languages
French and English are the official languages, though English is more widely spoken than French. Nearly 60 percent of the population speak English and 27 percent speak French. The rest speaks other languages, such as Eskimo, Indian, German, Ukrainian and Italian.
Слайд 10: G overnment and Politics
* Canada is a constitutional monarchy, the monarchy of Canada being the foundation of the e xecutive,legislative, and judicial branches. * In 1858 Queen Victoria selected Ottawa as the place for the Canadian government.It is a city of only about 40, 000 people but Its Government Buildings are very big and impressive. * The sovereign i s Q ueen Elizabeth II, who also serves as head of state of 15 other Commonwealth countries and each of Canada's ten provinces.
Слайд 11: First Canadian Flags
Union Jack Red Ensign Maple Leaf Royal Union flag fleur-de-lis St. George's Cross First Canadian Flags
Слайд 12: The Flag
The National Flag of Canada, also known as the Maple Leaf, is a red flag with a white square in its centre, featuring a stylized 11-pointed red maple leaf. The maple leaf is the characteristic leaf of the maple tree, and is an important national symbol of Canada
Слайд 13: The Coat of Arms
* Early settlers are represented by the three royal lions of England, the royal lion of Scotland, the harp of Ireland and the fleur-de-lis of France. * The lion of England holds the British flag. * The unicorn of Scotland holds the flag of Royal France.The bottom has the fleur-de-lis (France), the shamrock (Ireland), the thistle (Scotland), and the rose (England)
Слайд 14: The Canada’s National Anthem
O Canada! Our home and native land! True patriot love in all that sons command. With glowing hearts we see thee rise, The True North strong and free! From far and wide, O Canada! We stand on guard for thee. God keep our land glorious and free! O Canada! we stand on guard for thee
Слайд 15: Ottawa
The city is famous for its parks and canals One third of its people are French-speaking. It is located on the banks of the Ottawa, Rideau and Gatineau rivers.
Слайд 16: Canada Day
Canada Day is celebrated on July 1. This is the anniversary of the signing of the Canadian confederation on July 1, 1867. Many French speaking Canadians dislike the date because it marks the formal signing of the British victory over the French.
Слайд 17: Environment
A wolf in the snow. A baby polo bear in the snow Did you know: That a moose’s horn can grow up to 2m. Whales swim off the Canadian cost. Animals in Canada: Moose live in all parts of Canada and in Alaska in forests and marshy areas. During warmer months the moose is found near lakes and marshes. When winter comes the moose moves to forested areas. Some animals found in Canada are: Moose, Elk, Deer Bison, Musk-ox Mountain Goat Caribou Bear (black and Grizzly) Beaver Raccoon, opossum, martin, groundhog, prairie dogs, rabbits, wolverine, squirrels, chipmunks, skunks, porcupines Lynx, bobcat, mountain lion Fox, coyotes, wolf. The whooping crane is the tallest bird in Canada. It averages more than 2 meters in height. The highest concentration of grizzly bears in Canada is in Kluane National Park, outside Whitehorse, Yukon. Did you know that….? Did you know that….? Environment
Слайд 18: Food
Pies Pasta Fish. Chinese's food. It is "impossible" to choose a single national dish, because of their broad diversity of ethnic populations and cultures. Along the Atlantic coast, seafood and dishes derived from English traditions (except in Quebec) are common. In Quebec, favorite foods come from the area's French heritage. Throughout Canada, maple syrup and maple products are popular, reflecting the significance of the maple tree, whose leaf adorns the flag of Canada. Many families enjoy a visit in early spring to a maple sugar "shack," the special rustic building where sap from maple trees is boiled in a large open pan to make maple syrup. Food Maple Syrup
Слайд 19: Famous Canadians
Oscar Peterson Famous Canadians P amela Anderson Jim Carrey Joseph Jacques Omer Plante Joni Mitchell Keanu Reeves,
Последний слайд презентации: CANADA 8: Recourses
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canada http://www1.travelalberta.com/enrockies/index.cfm?pageid=717 http://pedsovet.su/load/114-1-0-3996 http://www.slideshare.net/pchamber/canada-powerpoint http://images.nationalgeographic.com/wpf/sites/kids/NGS/wpf/printplace/canada.html Canadian Heritage - http://www.canadianheritage.gc.ca/index_e.cfm Canada's Parliament: Symbols and Ceremony: http://www.parl.gc.ca/Information/Photos/Index-e.htm The Atlas of Canada:http://atlas.gc.ca/site/english/index.html http://www.mapsofworld.com/country-profile/canada.html