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"bridge" to rapprochement, "key" to mutual understanding Al-Farabi
Слайд 2: Abu Nasr Mahomed ibn Mahomed ibn Tarkhan of ibn Uzlag Al-Farabi at-Turki, known in the medieval Muslim East as "The second teacher", i.e. the second ambassador of Aristotle
Philosopher and scientist-Encyclopaedist of the East, the largest representative of east aristotelizm.
The largest historians of culture and science noted greatness and uniqueness of a figure of Al - Farabi. Astronomy, logic, the theory of music and the mathematician, sociology and ethics, medicine and psychology, philosophy and the right - the list of its interests
In young years Farabi left the hometown and practically visited all cities connected with Islam and the Arab caliphate
Philosophical activity of al-Farabi is many-sided, he was scientist-Encyclopaedist. The total of works of the philosopher fluctuates between the 80th and the 130th. Al-Farabi sought to comprehend a world design systematically. The beginning looks quite traditionally is Allah. The middle is a hierarchy of life. The person is the individual comprehending the world and acting in it. The end - achievement of original happiness.
Al Farabi's compositions Main compositions of Al Farabi: "Wisdom gems", "The treatise about views of residents of the virtuous city", "The word about classification of sciences", "The big book about music". In social and ethical treatises of Al Farabi I developed the doctrine about the "virtuous city" directed by the governor-philosopher acting at the same time as the imam, i.e. the leader of a religious community transferring to general public in a figurative and symbolical form the truth received by it from "active intelligence". "The big treatise about music" Al Farabi – the most important source of data on music of the East and Ancient Greek musical system. Al Farabi had impact on Ibn Xing, Ibn Budge, Ibn Tufaylya, Ibn Rushda, and also on philosophy and science of medieval Western Europe.