Слайд 2: Australian Greens
The Australian Greens, commonly known as The Greens, is a federation of Green state political parties in Australia. As of the 2019 federal election, the Greens are currently the third largest political party in Australia by vote. The leader of the party is Adam Bandt, and the party's co-deputy leaders are Larissa Waters and Nick McKim. The party was formed in 1992 and is a confederation of eight state and territorial parties. The party cites four core values: ecological sustainability, social justice, grassroots democracy and peace and non-violence.
Слайд 3: Ideology: Policy positions
The Australian Greens' policies cover a wide range of issues. Most notably, the party favours environmentalism, including expansion of recycling facilities; phasing out single-use plastics; conservation efforts; better water management; and addressing species extinction, habitat loss and deforestation in Australia. The Greens strongly support efforts to address climate change based on scientific evidence, by transitioning away from the burning of fossil fuels to renewable energy production in the next decade, as well as reintroducing a carbon price. The party supports lowering household electricity prices through the creation of a publicly-owned renewable energy provider, and building thousands of new jobs in renewable energy generation.
Слайд 5: Ideology: Animals and Climate emergency declaration
The Greens oppose the importation of animals for zoos in Australia, "except where the importation will assist the overall conservation of the species ". They also seek to ban and phase out respectively the display of wild or domesticated animals in circuses in Australia. The Greens are in favour of phasing out live animal exports. The Greens have campaigned on banning greyhound racing, whale slaughter and animal-tested cosmetics. The Greens acknowledge that climate change is a threat to ecological habitats, biodiversity, human health and infrastructure. Greens leader Adam Bandt welcomed the UK Parliament's declaration of a "climate emergency" and has attempted to pass a similar declaration in the Australian Parliament. Bandt stated that, "The Greens are the only party that supports emergency action."
Слайд 7: Ideology: Education and Energy and resources
The Greens support free TAFE and university for undergraduate students and believe that schools funding should be determined on the basis of equity and need. The party also opposes the casualisation of the workforce and wants to introduce a benchmark of 80% permanent teaching staff throughout public and private VET providers. The Greens wants class sizes to be reduced and teachers' wages to be increased. The Greens support the mass-rollout of renewable energy, with an aim of 100% renewable energy production by 2030, and phasing out the use of coal-fired power, as a means of driving investment and creating jobs. In 2019, the Greens pledged to create 180,000 new jobs in the renewable energy sector, which would drive billions of dollars of investment in the Australian economy. The Greens are the only party with an energy policy consistent with keeping global warming at or below 1.5 °C.
Слайд 9: Ideology: Foreign policy and Health policy
The Greens argue for democratic reforms to the World Trade Organization, International Monetary Fund and World Bank to better promote sustainable trade and development. The party would end Australia's Defence Treaty with the United States unless it can be changed to operate within the Greens' view on Australia's national interest. Former Greens leader Bob Brown argued that, "The US is a very great friend of Australia and always will be. But that doesn't mean that we cave in to their demands.“ The Greens believe that access to health care of a high standard and quality is a basic human right. Adequate access to bulk-billing general practitioners (GPs) across Australia is a priority of the party's health policy. The Greens support Medicare and believe that dental and mental health care should be included in Medicare. Improving food labelling to be more comprehensive and strongly enforced is another health policy adopted by the party. The party also wish to ban junk food advertising on television during times of high children television viewing.
Слайд 11: Ideology: Science, technology and research
The Greens want Australia to reverse cuts to science and technology funding. The Greens would inject $19.4 billion into the sector over the next decade. The Greens' science and research policy, launched at the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research (Australia's oldest medical research institute) includes : Continued funding for the Medical Research Future Fund; Targeted support for women in science; Creating a 'Protecting Science' package, consisting of a $2.557 billion boost to the Australia Research Council, National Mental Health & Medical Research Council, and Cooperate Research Centres over the next decade; Providing $185.1 million over the forwards to ensure Open Access Publishing of Government funded research; Providing $60.2 million over the forwards to invest in strategic opportunities for international collaboration; Improving the R&D Tax Incentive by reversing millions of dollars of government cuts and providing a 20% non-refundable tax offset for companies that hire STEM PhD students to work in their field of expertise.
Слайд 13: Constituency
The Greens generally draw support from younger voters with higher than average educational attainment. The Greens absorbed much of the Australian Democrats' support base following its downfall as the third party in Australia and many of the social and environmental policies and issues that the Democrats advocated for have been taken up by the Greens. Much like the Democrats, the Greens have a higher proportion of supporters who are university educated, under 40, who identify as professionals in their field, who are small business owners, and who earn above the national average wage. Notably, there has also been a steady increase in working-class support for the Greens since the creation of the party. Following the 2016 federal election, the Australian Greens had nine senators and one member in the lower house, 23 elected representatives across state and territory parliaments, more than 100 local councillors, and over 15,000 party members (as of 2016 ). All Senate and House of Representatives seats were retained at the 2019 election.
Слайд 14: Current Federal Parliamentarians
Adam Bandt MP 2010–present Senator Larissa Waters, 2011–2017, 2018–present Senator Nick McKim, 2015–present Senator Rachel Siewert, 2005–present Senator Richard Di Natale, 2011–present Senator Janet Rice, 2014–present Senator Peter Whish-Wilson, 2012–present Senator Sarah Hanson-Young, 2008–present