Первый слайд презентации
Asynchronous Practical Assignments for Week 3, Level B2 Outline: Introduction Part 1. Vocabulary. Classification. Categorizing words. Part 2. Grammar. Relative Clauses. Resources
Introduction The asynchronous practical assignments are aimed at creating and using classification phrases and relative clauses. So, the tasks and language reference are related to the themes. The completion of the tasks will help you improve your knowledge and skills in using categorizing words and relative clauses and may be useful while preparing for the midterm test on Grammar and Vocabulary. Feel free to use this presentation as your workbook. Key assignments will be considered as some of the criteria in the assessment rubric for your problem-solution essay.
Language reference Nouns and verbs can be used to classify many things and items, ideas and information. Another major area of classification language is classifying adjectives, e.g. political, international, visual. These adjectives are very frequent in academic texts, and are widely recognized as making the category, level or perspective clear to the reader. They are not evaluative (subjective), but essential in relating items to aspects of the world.
Слайд 5: Task 1. Make a list of your daily activities and put them into categories:
Categories Daily activities social educational physical domestic intellectual
Слайд 6: Task 2. Look at a-c of classifying academic disciplines below. To what extent do you agree with them? Which categories does your area of study seem to fit in?
a Applied disciplines (concerned with the application of knowledge), e.g. law, education Pure disciplines (less concerned with the practical application), e.g. history, philosophy b Life disciplines, e.g. biology, agriculture Non-life disciplines, e.g. physics, mathematics c Disciplines focused on human behaviour : e.g. economics, sociology Disciplines focused on non-human phenomenon: e.g. physical geography, chemistry, zoology Task 2. Look at a-c of classifying academic disciplines below. To what extent do you agree with them? Which categories does your area of study seem to fit in?
Слайд 7: Task 3. Classify the products according to whether they are:
food and grocery items, music-players, yogurts, refrigerators, car repairs, chewing gums, excursions, bicycles, antivirus software tangible (physically present and able to be touched) intangible (having value but not able to be touched or stored) durable able (able to last long and used many times) non-durable (able to last only a short time and used only once) What goods and services have you bought recently? Classify the products. Why have you bought them?
Слайд 8: Task 4. Choose the correct form of the most suitable word given to complete the sentences
1. At a ____________ level, people in small communities such as villages could then become actively involved, which is a very positive step forward. 2. On a __________ note, I would like to thank my family for their patience during the writing of this book. 3. ________ speaking, the impact of the country’s growth rate is likely to be dramatic. 4. In items of ________ these vast farms make good sense, but in terms of ________, they are highly damaging for wildlife. 5. The development of organization and change is then discussed from _______ perspective. personal/personally/person, economic/economically/ economics, political/politically/ politics, business, local/locally/locality, environmental/ environmentally/the environment Task 4. 1. Match a-e with sentences 1-5 a. The acknowledgements section of a book b. The introduction to the article c. The evaluation part of an essay d. A presentation to a group of policymakers e. The discussion and analysis section of a report
if we could look more closely at _________ (business) in ________ terms (culture) in terms of _______ (finance) ________ speaking (geography) from a ______ perspective (local) for _________ reasons (politics) to put this into ________ context (international) from the point of view of the __________ (environmental) Task 5. Decide which word class (noun, adjective or adverb) is required to complete the phrases. Then complete them using the correct forms of the words in brackets. Task 5.1 Complete the paragraph with the words from the phrases in Task 5. If we could _________ in many countries, setting up high tech companies is the main focus of government policy. In _______, raising money for the development of such companies can be a major challenge. Key assignment. Write at least two sentences using the phrases in Task 5 and include them into the problem paragraph of your problem-solution essay.
Grammar reference A relative clause is a subordinate clause that contains the element whose interpretation is provided by an expression on which the subordinate clause is grammatically dependent. We use relative clauses to give additional information about something without starting another sentence. e.g. A notebook is a computer which can be carried around. Einstein, who was born in Germany, is famous for his theory of relativity.
TASK 1.1. Based on the given mind map write the answer to the question “How is relative clause 1 different from relative clause 2?”
TASK 1.2.Based on the given table write the answers to the questions “Which relative pronouns can be replaced by that ? Which relative pronouns can be removed altogether?”
TASK 2. Rewrite the sentences to include a defining relative clause, using the information in brackets. 1 Some doubts were raised about the quality of the questionnaire. (The group used it in the research.) _______________________________________________________________________________ 2 Hewitt questioned the experience of the software engineers. (Wentworth pic recruited them.) ________________________________________________________________________________ 3 The director later wrote a memoir. (He pioneered the tracking shot.) ________________________________________________________________________________ TASK 2.1. Rewrite the sentences to include a non-defining relative clause, using the information in brackets. 1 In a case of gross misconduct an employer may fire an employee immediately. (This includes theft.) ________________________________________________________________________________ 2 Turkey has land borders with eight countries. (This has frequently led to a kind of diplomatic balancing act.) ______________________________________________________________________________ 3 Vegetable oils have seen recent volatility in their spot price. (They are traded as commodities.) ________________________________________________________________________________
TASK 3. Replace the underlined phrases with where, when, why, or what. 1 Some start-up businesses seem set on entering areas in which there is already a great deal of competition. 2 Mergers are situations in which staff naturally feel that their jobs may be at risk. 3 Deciding the things that should be included in a questionnaire is sometimes a difficult task. 4 Staff cuts at the charity became necessary after a period in which corporate and individual donations both fell. 5 The thing that the marchers were hoping for was a swing in public opinion against the government's proposals. TASK 3.1. Complete the sentences with where, when, why or what. 1 Grier (2008) suggests that in the early 1990s, the company car phenomenon was the reason ___________ prices in the UK car business stayed consistently higher than those in the rest of Europe. 2 Experts noticed that the video footage had been edited at precisely the point___________ government tanks arrived at the demonstration. 3 The aim of the conference was to consider ___________ makes one local community work better than its neighbour.
consist arise use base cause give TASK 4. Read the grammar reference and complete each sentence with the present or past participle of one of the verbs in the box. Two phrases are not needed. Grammar Reference: Participles in relative clauses In defining relative clauses, you may be able to improve your sentences in terms of economy and flow by using a past participle or a present participle form of the verb instead of a relative pronoun + verb. This structure is called a 'participle clause’ or a 'reduced relative clause’. These past participles are commonly used in participle clauses: based, caused, concerned, given, involved, made, obtained, produced, required, taken, and used. e.g. The team studied the results (which were) produced by the survey for some weeks before publishing their conclusions. 1 A key issue___________ from the report is the extent to which politicians put undue pressure on civil servants. 2 The speech on race__ _______ by Barack Obama in Philadelphia is considered to be one of his best. 3 Peterson describes some of the innovative techniques___________ by Monet to capture light in his paintings. 4 In his article, Ichikawa discusses five recent films___________ on computer games.
Слайд 17: Key assignment. Write two sentences using one defining relative clause and one non-defining relative clause and include them in the problem paragraph of your problem-solution essay
Последний слайд презентации: Asynchronous Practical Assignments for Week 3, Level: Resources:
De Chazal, E., & McCarter, S. (2015). Oxford EAP. A Course in English for Academic Purposes. Upper-intermediate / B2. Paterson, K. (2013). Oxford Grammar for EAP. London: Oxford University Press.