Презентация на тему: Alternations and modifications of speech sounds in English

Alternations and modifications of speech sounds in English
Alternations and modifications of speech sounds in English
Alternations and modifications of speech sounds in English
ASSIMILATION
Alternations and modifications of speech sounds in English
Alternations and modifications of speech sounds in English
Alternations and modifications of speech sounds in English
Alternations and modifications of speech sounds in English
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Первый слайд презентации: Alternations and modifications of speech sounds in English

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Types of modification: assimilation, accommodation, reduction, elision, inserting.

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The adaptive modification of a consonant by a neighbouring consonant in a speech chain is assimilation. 1. Place of articulation • t, d > dental before [ð, θ]: eighth, at the, said that • t, d > post-alveolar before [r]: tree, true, dream, the third room • s, z > post-alveolar before [∫]: this shop, does she • t, d > affricates before [j]: graduate, could you • m > labio -dental before [f]: symphony • n > dental before [θ]: seventh

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progressive: stay [ stei ], /t/ without aspiration (loss of plosion ); regressive: tenth [ten θ ], /n/ - dental double: tree [tri:] partial: little (loss of plosion ) full: less shy [ leʃai ], does she [d Λ ʃi :]

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Accommodation is used to denote the interchanges of VC or CV types. Lip position • consonant + back vowel: pool, rude, who (rounded) • consonant + front vowel: tea, sit, keep (spread)

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Reduction is actually qualitative or quantitative weakening of vowels in unstressed positions. Reduction qualitative quantitative can [ kæn ] – I can [ ai ken] me [mi:] – let me [let mi]

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Elision is a complete loss of sounds, both vowels and consonants. 1. Loss of [h] in personal and possessive pronouns and in the forms of the auxiliary verb have. 2. [l] lends to be lost when preceded by [o:]: always, already, all right 3. In cluster of consonants: next day, just one, mashed potatoes 4. [t]+C, [d]+C: listen [ lisn ], often [ ofn ], Wednesday [ wenzdi ] 5. – mb at the end of the word: lamb [ læm ], comb [ kom ] 6. [ i ], [ə]: different [ difrənt ], similar [ simlə ]

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Последний слайд презентации: Alternations and modifications of speech sounds in English

Inserting is a process of sound addition. 1. Linking [r] (potential pronunciation of [r]): car owner 2. Intrusive [r]: [r] is pronounced where no r is seen in the spelling china and glass

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