Презентация на тему: 1 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 1 GERMAN & INTERNATIONAL

1 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 1 GERMAN & INTERNATIONAL
1 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 1 GERMAN & INTERNATIONAL
1 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 1 GERMAN & INTERNATIONAL
1 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 1 GERMAN & INTERNATIONAL
1 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 1 GERMAN & INTERNATIONAL
1 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 1 GERMAN & INTERNATIONAL
1 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 1 GERMAN & INTERNATIONAL
1 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 1 GERMAN & INTERNATIONAL
1 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 1 GERMAN & INTERNATIONAL
1 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 1 GERMAN & INTERNATIONAL
1 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 1 GERMAN & INTERNATIONAL
1 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 1 GERMAN & INTERNATIONAL
1 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 1 GERMAN & INTERNATIONAL
1 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 1 GERMAN & INTERNATIONAL
1 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 1 GERMAN & INTERNATIONAL
1 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 1 GERMAN & INTERNATIONAL
1 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 1 GERMAN & INTERNATIONAL
1 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 1 GERMAN & INTERNATIONAL
1 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 1 GERMAN & INTERNATIONAL
1 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 1 GERMAN & INTERNATIONAL
1 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 1 GERMAN & INTERNATIONAL
1 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 1 GERMAN & INTERNATIONAL
1 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 1 GERMAN & INTERNATIONAL
1 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 1 GERMAN & INTERNATIONAL
1 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 1 GERMAN & INTERNATIONAL
1 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 1 GERMAN & INTERNATIONAL
1 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 1 GERMAN & INTERNATIONAL
1 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 1 GERMAN & INTERNATIONAL
1 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 1 GERMAN & INTERNATIONAL
1 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 1 GERMAN & INTERNATIONAL
1 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 1 GERMAN & INTERNATIONAL
1 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 1 GERMAN & INTERNATIONAL
1 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 1 GERMAN & INTERNATIONAL
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1 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 1 GERMAN & INTERNATIONAL FLAME RETARDANT CLASSIFICATIONS Andreas Gause Director Sales and Marketing

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2 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 2 Today’s strict rules requiring flame retardant stage scenery and backdrops are due in part to the Ringtheater tragedy of 1881, in which a great Viennese theater was destroyed and 385 lives were lost. History

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3 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 3 Film, Broadcast & TV Studios, Production Studios and other Production Sites Dramatic, Musical, & Dance Theatres, Theatre Buildings, Multi-Purpose Halls, Open-Air Theatres, Performance Areas in Concert Halls, Stages in Cabarets & Varietés, Schools Events: Shows, Open-Air Concerts, Trade Shows & Exhibitions, Nightclubs Definition Of Production Sites & Event Locations:

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4 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 3

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5 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 4 In Germany, flame retardant classification standards are determined both by German Construction Law and European Standard. For the time being, both DIN EN 13501-1 (European Standard) and DIN 4102-1 (German Standard) are accepted. Introduction

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6 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 5 Other International Standards ITALY: C-Classification FRANCE: N-F SPAIN: Classification 1 etc. GREAT BRITAIN: British Standard USA: NFPA 701 In many European countries the DIN 4102-1 is accepted. There is a new European standard, EN 13501-1, but national standards remain in effect until this standard is more universally adopted.

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7 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 6 Key Fire-Protection Properties inherently flame retardant - flame retardant - self-extinguishing - no burning droplets - low smoke density - no toxic fumes - insulation effect (shielding of ignition sources)

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8 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 7 EN 13501-1 specifies fire performance requirements for construction products (excluding floor coverings), which are defined as: “…construction products/building materials, components and equipment that are manufactured to be permanently incorporated in construction works.” Examples: European Classification Standard - permanently installed curtains and seats - stage curtains - blackout draperies - projection screens

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9 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 8 Products are ranked from A to F according to their fire behavior (energetic contribution to fire). Classes are also specified for associated fire-related phenomena: - smoke (s1 to s3) - flaming droplets / particles (d0 to d2) Fumes and dripping are especially important criteria for evacuation. European C lassification System

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10 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 9 This term describes materials that are not permanently installed but must meet standards for construction/building products. “Facilities” Examples - stage sets, scenery - decorations, textiles - furniture

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11 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 10 Classification of building products according to German construction regulations DIN 4102-1 Flame Retardant Classification Building Products Classification German classification DIN 4102-1 Non-combustible Materials Non-combustible Materials A1 A2 Combustible Materials Flame-retardant Construction Products/Building Materials B1 Normal Flammable Materials B2 Highly Flammable Materials B3

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12 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 11 DIN-4102-1 Classification Descriptions A 1 Non-flammable, with no or little organic (combustible) components. This includes almost all mineral construction products/building materials (sand, gravel, clay, concrete, brick, gypsum board...) A 2 Non-flammable, often contains organic (combustible) components – i.e some glass or mineral fiber products, gypsum board and gypsum fiber panels, lightweight concrete aggregates with organic (wood, plastic) B 1 Flammable, fire resistant – i.e. certain mineral or glass fiber felts and boards, gypsum boards, wood slabs, cork, pla stics etc. B 2 Combustible, flammable, i.e., certain plasterboard composite panels, certain multi-layer lightweight panels, wood and wood products with more than 2 mm thickness with a density of more than 400 kg/m3, cork, flooring, roofing felt, asphalt waterproofing membranes, plastics... B3 Flammable, highly flammable – i.e. wood and wood products with less than 2 mm thickness with a density of less than 400 kg/m3.

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13 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 12 Classification of building products according to German construction regulations and corresponding new European Union standard EN 13501-1 (excluding floor coverings) Building Products Classification Building Products Classification Additional Requirements European Standard according to DIN EN 13501-1 No smoke No droplets Non-flammable materials X X A1 X X A2 – s1, d0 Flame-retardant construction products/ building materials X X B – s1, d0 / C –s1, d0 X A2 – s2, d0 / A2 –s3, d0 / B –s2, d0 / B –s3, d0 / C –s2, d0 / C –s3, d0 X A2 –s1, d1 / A2 –s1, d2 / B –s1, d1 / B –s1, d2 / C –s1, d1 / C –s1, d0 A2 –s3, d2 / B –s3, d2 / C –s3, d2 Normal flammable materials D –s1, d0 / D –s2, d0 / D –s3, d0 / E D –s1, d0 / D –s2, d1 / D –s3, d1 / D – s1, d2 / D –s2, d2 / D –s3, d2 E –d2 Highly flammable materials F

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14 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 13 Classification of building products with German construction regulations and corresponding new European Union EN 13501-1 for floor coverings Floor Coverings Classification Construction supervision requirements European classification DIN EN 13501-1 Non-flammable materials A1 fl A2 fl Flame-retardant construction products/building materials B fl – s1 / C fl – s1 Normal flammable materials A2 fl –s2 / B fl –s2 / C fl –s2 / D fl –s1 / D fl –s2 / E fl Highly flammable materials F fl

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15 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 14 Materials classified as “facilities” must meet the same requirements as building products for fire behavior. The fire behavior can also be proved with specific standards for these materials if the classification of the fire behavior is equivalent to the construction product/building material class of the DIN 4102-1 and if there is a proof of a recognized (accredited) test institute. This can apply for a fire behavior proof for textiles and furniture according to the standards mentioned hereafter: “Facilities” Classification - DIN 66080 (textile fabrics) - DIN 66084 (upholstery composites) - DIN 66090-1 (textile floorings) - DIN EN 1021-1 and -2 (soft furniture/upholstery) - DIN EN 1624, DIN EN 1625 (industrial and technical textiles) - DIN EN 13772, DIN EN 13773 (curtains and drapes)

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16 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 15 Scheme: classification – smoke – burning droplets EN 13501-1 Classification Class. A: no contribution to fire very low contribution to fire non-flammable Class. B: minor contribution to fire Class. C: acceptable contribution to fire Class. D: contribution to fire Class. E: normal fire behavior flammable Class. F: no properties specified / found

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17 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 16 Key to abbreviations used in DIN EN 13501-1. Additional Information Derivation of Abbreviations Criteria Application s = smoke Smoke Emission Smoke emission requirements d = droplets Burning Droplets Droplet requirements fl = floorings Fire behavior classification for floorings

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18 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 17 Smoke Emission Smoke Emission s1 negligible s2 low s3 strong

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19 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 18 Droplets Droplets d0 No burning droplets within the first 10 minutes d1 No burning droplets with an afterburn phase > 10 seconds within the first 10 minutes d2 Neither d0 nor d1

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20 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 19 It is NOT possible to directly compare the DIN 4102-1 classifications to the new European classifications. As a guideline only, it is possible to find a correlation between the construction regulation classifications (e.g., non-combustible, hard to burn, etc.) and the European classification according to EN 13501-1 Official comparisons between different flame retardant classification standards can be made only by nationally authorized institutes (example: Germany’s DIBt Berlin). Important Note !

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21 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 20 Classification according Euro Classification Ranking according European Classification (DIN EN 13501-1) according the building inspection appointment referring to Buidling Regulation A. Building Inspection Appointment Definition according DIN 4102 European Classification according DIN EN 13501-1 Energetic contribution to fire Production of smoke Behavior of droplets Non-flammable A1 A1 A2 A2 s1 d0 Flame-retardant B1 B, C S1 d0 A2, B, C S2 d0 A2, B, C S3 d0 A2, B, C S1 d1 A2, B, C S1 d2 A2, B, C s3 d2 Normal flammable materials B2 D s1 d0 s2 d0 s3 d0 E D s1 d2 s2 d2 s3 d2 E d2 No performance noted * B3 F *According to building inspecton equivalent to „flammable“

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22 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 21 New European fire classifications according EN 13501-1 Test according: Fire Tests according to DIN 4102-1 EN 13823 SBI ≡ single burning item EN 11925-2 small burner EN ISO 1182 750°C-Oven (non-flammable) EN 1716 calorific value (non-flammable) EN 9239-1 Test of floor coverings

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23 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 22 National: DIN 4102-1 describes: the test device implementation and test conditions the classification European: Classification Standard EN 11925-2 describes the test device (here small burner) Product standards EN 13984 describes e.g. Implementation and test conditions classification standard EN 13501-1 describes the classification The Way To Classification

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24 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 23 Small lighted box DIN 4102-1 Lighted Box Test 15 Sek. fire; Max. length of fabric exposed to fire 150 mm DIN 4102 B2 (small burner test)

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25 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 24 Example: Fire exposed to edge Fire Pit Test according DIN 4102-1 or Small Burner Test according EN 11925-2 Requirement : approx. 40 W Limit: - Flame tip reaches the measure limit at 15 cm Additional parameter: - burning droplet Comparison DIN 4102-1 / EN 11925-2 Size of material sample 9 cm x 13 cm 9 cm x 23 cm 9 cm x 25 cm Limits flame tip 15 cm Fire 15 Sec. 15 Sek. forE 30 Sec. B to D Observation 20 Sec. 20 Sec. forE 60 Sec. B to D Burning droplets Burning on the filter paper Burning of the filter paper Visual observation of fire-development

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26 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 25 Example: surface ignition According DIN 4102-1 or Small Burner Test according EN 11925-2 Example: negative test result

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27 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 26 According DIN 4102-1 or Small burner test according EN 11925-2 Example: negative test result

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28 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 27 Use/requirement: approx. 24 KW size of sample: 100 cm x 19 cm Limits: - Max. smoke temperature: 200°C - length of remaining sample: min. 15cm Additional parameters: - Smoke development (Integral ≥ 400 % min) - burning droplets Test duration: - fire: 10 Min. - until fire extinguish DIN 4102-1 Fire Pit Test Functional Scheme flue thermocouples Test samples Gas Burner Top view Lateral view Air supply Optical axis for smoke measure- ment

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29 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 28 DIN 4102-1 Fire Pit Test Funktionsschema Rauchabzug Top view onto the chimney board Ignition of glass clear PE panels

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30 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 29 DIN 4102-1 Fire Pit Test Funktionsschema Rauchabzug Ignition of glass clear PE panels: crossfall „burning droplets“ Specimen after fire pit test

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31 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 30 DIN 4102-1 Fire Pit Test, Negative Test Results Funktionsschema Rauchabzug PC Panel after 2 years use Stage Curtain Coated Fabric

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32 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 31 Use/requirement: 30 KW Burner Performance Sample size: (150 cm x 50cm) and (150cm x 100cm) Parameters: - Oxygen Concentration - Light Attenuation Values: - HRR ≡ Heat Growth - FIGRA ≡ Fire Growth Rate - SPR ≡ smoke growth - SMOGRA ≡ Smoke Growth Rate - THR ≡ Total Heat Release - TSP ≡ Ttotal Ssmoke Production Additional Parameters: - LFS ≡ Longitudinal Flame Spread - Burning Droplets Duration of Fire Exposure: 1.200 Seconds ≡ 20 Minutes Duration of Test. 1.500 Seconds ≡ 25 Minutes EN 13 823 SBI = Corner Ignition Functional Scheme Measurements within emission current Gas analysis (determination of heat release) Smoke density Volume flow Temperature

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33 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 32 EN 13 823 SBI = Corner Ignition Flame Requirement ≈ 30 KW Proportions

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34 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 33 EN 13 823 SBI = Corner Ignition Classification Table1 according EN 13501-1► Schematic View

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35 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 34 EN 9239-1 (DIN 4102-14) Test Device for Floor Coverings View View of radiation source and displaced sample holder

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36 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 35 EN 9239-1 Test Device for Floor Coverings During testing Sample Size (105 cm x 23cm) Exposure to: - Heat Radiator - Pilot Flame Measure Parameters: - Flame Spread - Smoke Growth Flame Spread [cm] ≡ „critical radiation intensity“: required radiation energy to make the construction products/building materburn.

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37 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 36 EN 9239-1 Test Device for Floorings Samples of 3 tests after inflammation/ exposure to fire Excerpt of the Classification Table 2 according EN 13501-1 for Floorings

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38 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 37 Test Methods Application Fire Classification Standard / Test Building/ Construction Products/Building Materials DIN 4102… NF P 92-501… BS 476 part 7 EN 13823, SBI-Test EN ISO 11925-2 Transport Airplane: FAR 25853; ISO… Ship: IMO Automobile : MVSS 302; ISO 3795 Furniture Covers/Textiles/‘Floor Coverings BS 5852… EN 1021 DIN 4102 – 14 (Radial Panel Test)… EEE / Plastics UL 94 : V0 - 2 LOI Test ICE 60335 (Glow wire test)

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39 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 38 A study of the EFRA (European Flame Retardants Association) shows that in Europe alone annually about 5,000 people lose their lives due to fires. This corresponds to 1 to 2 people per 100,000 population. Why use flame retardants?

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40 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 39 The following investigation proofs that in many cases flame-retardant treatment saves lives: Why use flame retardants? 0 500 1000 1500 2000 0 25 20 15 10 5 30 Heat generation RHR kW Time (Min) Chair with flame-retardant treatment Fluchtzeit Chair without flame-retardant treatment 0 500 1000 1500 2000 0 25 20 15 10 5 30 Heat generation RHR kW Time (Min) Fluchtzeit 2 Minutes 22 Minutes Escape time Escape time

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41 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 40 Standard: NF-P92-503 Type: Fire Test French Standards – as comparision Criteria/Evaluation: - Burn Time - Droplets (burning/non-burning) - Length/Width of damaged material sample Preparations: none Burn: Arrangement sample to test: angular size of sample to test length 60 cm / width 18 cm Type of inflammation surface ignition Height of flame 30 mm Angle of flame acc. To device setting Time of ignition 5 Sek. several times Gas Propane Description: Flame impingement of an angular material sample under heat growth Fire Test:

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42 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 41 Standard: NF-P92-503 Mode: Fire Test French Standard – as comparison Criteria/assessment:** M1 = max. 2 sec...Afterburn time M2 = max. 5 sec...Afterburn time M2 = over 5 sec ‚…Afterburn time Drain (burning/not burning) is being noted. Burning dripping leads to devaluation by one level (i.e. M1 to M2)- Preparation: none Burn: Arrangement of Test Object: Vertically Size of Test Object: Length 23 cm / Width 46 cm Type of flame: Surface Ignition Height of flame: 20 mm (vertical) Angle of applied flame: 45° Duration of flame: 5 sec.* Gas Propane Description: Inflammation of a vertically arranged fabric in an angle of 45° Fire Test: Remarks: * = The flame will be repeated up to 20 times in intervals of 3 seconds From the second time the flame is being directed onto the edge of the previous hole. ** = Only with a bad value, a second test is being made.

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43 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 42 French Standard – as comparison Classification Criteria (Excerpt from the original document) NF-P92-503 M1 Burn Time ≤ 5 sec. + No Dripping Material M2 Burn time ≤ 5 sec. + burning droplets or Burn Time > 5 sec. + no dripping material M3 Burn Time > 5 sec. + no dripping material + damaged/destroyed parts max. 90 mm (width) and 450-600 mm (length) or Burn Time > 5 sec. + burning droplets + damaged/destroyed parts < 350 mm (Length) M4 Burn time> 5 sec. + burning droplets + damaged/destroyed parts max. 90 mm (width) and 450-600 mm (length) or Flame propagation speed < 2 mm/sec. + burning droplets or ignition of cotton/wad Must be tested additionally in case of hole formation: NF-P92-504 M1 = Burn Time ≤ 2 sec. M2 = Burn Time ≤ 5 sec. M3 = Burn Time > 5 sec. Burning Droplets each leading to a devaluation to a lower classification level

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44 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 43 VBG Specification Labor Protection Law Buidling Regulations Specific Security Law of the State and Federal Labor Protection Law Arbeitsstättenverordnung Unfallverhütungsvorschriften BGV A1 § 2 Basic obligations of the entrepreneurs § 3 Risk Assessment BGV C1 § 29 Abs. 2 + 3 - Structures and Decorations flame-retardant - Furniture and props: No special requirements - Deviations are possible – then special fire protection measuers must be taken. Federal Building Codes Federal Regulation for Meeting Facilites DIN 4102 Fire Behavior of building materials and components DIN EN 13501 Classification of construction products and designs according their fire behavior Examples : - Permission for fireworks - Special use permit - 1. ExplosionV - Regulations on the prevention of fires (VVB) Table: Key legal principles for fire protection. (In some cases, additional legal basics may apply. These legal requirements are taken into account in scripture. If necessary, additional requirements to meet theselegal sources

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45 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 44 VBG Specification Flammability Of Textiles And Furniture Standard DIN 66084 DIN EN 1021-1 and-2 DIN EN 13772, DIN EN 13773 DIN EN 14533 Application Upholstery Composites Upholstery Drapes and Curtains Beddings Ignition Source Pa: Paper Cushions100g Pb: Butane Flame Pc: Cigarette Cigarette, Butane Flame Heat Radiator and small burner (Propane Flame Cigarette, Small Flame Fire Classification Pa (highest requirement), Pb, Pc (lowest requirement Passed, Not passed 1 (highest requirement) to 5 (lowest requirement) A (highest requirement) to C (lowest requirement) Table: Standards of Classification referring Fire Performance of Textiles and Furniture (Choice)

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46 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 45

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Последний слайд презентации: 1 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 1 GERMAN & INTERNATIONAL

47 GERRIETS GMBH © / Brandschutzklassen im Vergleich 45 Thank you very much for your attention ! www.gerriets.com

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